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27 septembre 2015 7 27 /09 /septembre /2015 19:28

Recommandations de Pavel Fomenko, le plus grand spécialiste actuel du tigre amourien*, et de Sergeï Aramilev, Directeur du Centre du Tigre de l'Amour à Vladivostok. Russia beyond the headlines, ce jour. Gleb Fedorov. "Instructions for wildlife conservationists : How to save tigers".

A census held last winter in the Russian Far East's cedar and oak forests revealed that there are only 523 to 540 tigers left in the area. This is around the same number as ten years ago.

The arrest of the decline in tiger numbers is largely due to the efforts of wildlife conservationists, who were able to lobby the government for necessary changes to legislation and introduce new approaches to conservation. The conservation efforts were also helped by the fact that in Vladimir Putin took a personal interest in protecting the tiger in 2008.

Even though specialists criticize the president's program (link for our text), the number of people who want to personally challenge Putin has fallen.

RBTH spoke with Pavel Fomenko, Species Program Coordinator of WWF Russia’s Amur branch and Sergei Aramilev, Director of the Amur Tiger Center in Vladivostok to find out what needs to be done to protect the large predator.

1. Strong legislation.The criminal code article introduced in Russia in December 2013 made keeping any body part of the tiger illegal. Violating this law is punishable with a large fine and imprisonment.

2. Protecting the tiger’s habitat . Laws should not just protect the tiger but also the forests where it lives and its prey.

The Amur tiger’s habitat is around 160,000 square kilometers. These forests are protected by the hunting and forest surveillance authorities.

The police also look out for illegal felling of trees and poaching of the tiger and its food, while the Ministry of Emergency Situations helps put out fires.

3. Preventing conflict with humans. In the Primorye and Khabarovsk Territories, the hunting surveillance authorities have created special groups for resolving all types of conflicts between tigers and people.

If the tiger is ill or wounded, he is placed in a rehabilitation center and after the treatment is returned to the wild, if possible.

4. Dispelling myths about tigers. Statistics reveal that the tiger is not an animal that seeks to confront humans, and in an overwhelming number of cases, humans are responsible for conflicts.

In order to make the image of the tiger less frightening, the city of Vladivostok started celebrating Tiger Day every year, while the popular children's program "Good night, little ones!" has created the Mur tiger cub character.

5. Establishing an accurate tiger count. Once every ten years, the Russian Far East carries out a large tiger census, which in its organization and dimension resembles a special military operation and takes up almost half a year. Only qualified specialists can participate in the census, such as professional hunters and scientists.

The information gathered during the census is essential for protective measures not only for the tiger but also for other endangered animals, including the Amur leopard.

An annual census is performed only on 25 percent of the tiger's overall habitat. The area is used as a sample.

6. Rehabilitating and returning the predators to the wild. The objective of the tigress is not to teach her cub how to hunt but to raise him until the age when he can do it on his own. Russia does not follow the practice of raising tiger cubs in captivity and returning them to the wild. It is easier and more cost effective to focus on the preservation of the existing wild population.

In Russia, there are more cases of saving orphan tiger cubs and returning them to the wild. The main aim of the rehabilitation is to make the tiger extremely afraid of human domestic activity and humans in general. Only then will the tiger be able to survive in the wild.

* Pavel Fomenko avait reçu la Médaille d'or de la Société géographique russe ce samedi 26 septembre, dans le cadre de la célébration annuelle du tigre de l'Amour à Vladivostok, et les remerciements officiels de Vladimir Poutine. Ses collaborateurs ont été associés à cette reconnaissance officielle.


Et pendant ce temps, EN INDE (COMME EN SYRIE), les USA essaient désespérément de faire illusion sur leur capacités à faire aussi bien que la Russie... Inquisitr, ce jour. Anne Sewell. "Hope for India's bengal tigers as US tourist organizations get involved".

As with several other big cats and large mammals in the world, Bengal tigers are under threat of extinction. Various efforts are now being made to both combat poaching and to protect India’s Bengal tigers in their natural habitats.

As reported by NDTV, the United States has recently offered to help India in its efforts to track and protect the endangered Bengal tigers. A memorandum of understanding has been drawn up between the two countries to support India’s Project Tiger, an initiative set up to protect the population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitat.

Both countries will work together, using the latest technology in an effort to both combat poaching of the big cats and also for their protection in the wild. According to the U.S. State Department, the new initiative will protect critical habitat in India and will aid human resources development and conservation programs in order to build public awareness in the country.

Through the initiative, it is hoped to increase populations of threatened and endangered species, such as the Bengal tigers, by strengthening law enforcement capacity and combating the illegal poaching and associated trade of wildlife species.

Another strong contender in the protection of the endangered Bengal tigers is a tourism group called Travel Operators for Tigers (TOFTigers), which was founded some 10 years ago by a group of safari operators. Still active today, the group invites travel professionals to get involved in the fight to ensure that India’s majestic Bengal tigers continue to flourish.

Since the annual World Tiger Day was held on July 29, good news has been delivered by tiger spotters in India, saying that the native Bengal tiger population has risen by some 30 percent in recent years. However, it was noted that tiger populations elsewhere in the world are still under threat, and there is much to be done to improve the situation to ensure the iconic big cats do not vanish for good.

According to a blog by Greaves India, TOFTigers recently hosted an event at the Royal Geographical Society in London, where several top figures in the ecological field gave lectures, including Jeffrey Parrish of the World Wildlife Fund in the U.S. and Colin Bell, founder of an African safari operator.

Among the topics discussed at the event was how the global nature travel community can reinvest ecotourism profits into ecological missions to protect Bengal tiger tourism in India.

Discussing the latest increase in the number of Bengal tigers, the audience was told that this isn’t all good news, as reportedly the Indian government has recently cut funding to the protection of national parks, even though it is evident that protecting those parks makes them a viable tourism draw.

Since its inception in 2005, TOFTigers has trained more than 700 national park personnel and has published a Good Wildlife Travel Guide. The group is also working within the country and operates across 21 protected areas of India.

However, while there are protected national parks, reportedly around 35 to 40 percent of India’s Bengal tigers live outside these protected areas. According to the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), the movement of the tigers is restricted, as many wildlife corridors are currently in a bad condition.

According to State government officials in India, CCTV cameras, called “eye[s] in the sky,” have been set up around fringe areas to monitor the movement of the Bengal tiger population, and the Wildlife Conservation Society is pushing for the revival of green corridors to make the movement of the tigers easier from the high-density habitats to those less dense.

As with all conservation efforts, the work towards the protection of the Bengal tigers and the cessation of poaching activities is vital.

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