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6 octobre 2015 2 06 /10 /octobre /2015 14:30

ARAL, TCHERNOBYL : DESTINS SI DIFFERENTS.

1. MEURTRE DE MASSE, UNE BOMBE A FRAGMENTATION HISTORIQUE. Le processus nécrosant qui a provoqué successivement, au cours des 60 premières années du XXème siècle, la mort des tigres de Haute Asie et leur faune associée, la destruction de la culture nomade kazakhe, la transformation des roselières d'Asie centrale en espaces de monoculture du coton, et la destruction de la mer d'Aral, continuera son oeuvre mortifère pour des décennies sinon des siècles et affectera finalement des milliers de milliards d'organismes dont des centaines de millions d'êtres humains dans le Monde entier. Voir à ce sujet l'intervention du ministre des Affaires étrangères d'Ouzbékistan le 26 septembre dernier (Je remercie pour cette communication personnelle qu'il m'a envoyée hier, Nikolaï Aladin, Directeur du laboratoire de Biologie des eaux saumâtres du département de zoologie de l'Université de St Petersbourg, spécialiste de la biodiversité et de la paleolimnologie des mers Caspienne et Aral).

ADDRESS BY THE MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN ABDULAZIZ KAMILOV AT THE UNITED NATIONS SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

Date: Saturday, 26 September 2015

Dear friends!

Today the problems of ecology and climate change of a global nature – unprecedented both on their scale and destructiveness – are continuing to remain on the focus of attention of the international community.

The largest in the newest world history ecological catastrophe of a planetary scale – the tragedy of Aral Sea, which for over a span of lifetime of one generation turned out to be on the verge of full disappearance, takes a special place in this row on its scales and consequences.

The dramatic climate change felt not only in Central Asia, but also in other regions became as a direct consequence of drying up of sea. The new saline desert with an area of 5,5 million hectares of land has emerged on the exposed part of Aral. For more than 90 days a year the sandstorms are raging there carrying to atmosphere annually over 100 million tons of dust and poisonous salts to many thousands of kilometers.

The threatening impact of the Aral catastrophe is now observed throughout the world. According to international experts, the poisonous salts originating from the Aral region are discovered on the Antarctic coast, Greenland glaciers, Norway forests and many other parts of the Earth.

The Aral tragedy rendered the most serious impact on the living conditions and gene pool of 65 million people residing in Central Asia. The extreme adverse ecological environment, lack and decrease in quality of potable water, the growth of dangerous diseases – this is just a short list of consequences of the Aral tragedy far from being full.

Uzbekistan hopes that the catastrophe of the Aral Sea region will be surely taken into consideration in implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. We understand that the climate change and everything related to many problems, which are today being discussed over the course of this summit, have an immediate relation to this issue that requires in line with the words pronounced by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during his trip to Aral in 2010 «a collective responsibility of the entire world and not only of the countries of Central Asia».

In 2013 the 68th Session of the United Nations General Assembly has already approved «The Program of Measures on Eliminating the Consequences of Drying up of Aral and Averting the Catastrophe of the Ecological Systems in the Aral Sea Region» as an official document proposed by Uzbekistan.

Taking into account the universal nature of the Aral catastrophe, it is necessary to expand the concerted actions and form purposeful financial mechanisms in this direction.

In this regard, it is expedient to establish under the UN auspices a special Trust Fund on the Aral Sea and Aral Sea Region, the main task of which will be the coordination of efforts and implementation of purposeful programs and projects in the following key directions:

- protecting health and preserving population’s gene pool, elaborating the system of effective stimuli for a social and economic development of the Aral Sea region and creating the necessary conditions to ensure decent living conditions for population residing in this region;

- preserving the ecological balance of the Aral Sea region, adopting the consistent measures to fight desertification and introducing the reasonable water consumption;

- recovering and preserving the unique biodiversity of flora and fauna which now remains on the brink of extinction;

- using the limited water resources of the region, firstly, the transboundary water arteries – Amudarya and Syrdarya in the interests of all countries of the region and in strict compliance with the norms of international law.

We cannot allow so that, as a result of realization of plans of construction of gigantic dams and large hydropower stations on the tributaries of Amudarya and Syrdarya on the basins of which the oases of life support of millions of people are concentrated, the natural flow of these rivers is disturbed and the situation with water supply in the lower reaches is more worsened, which would lead to radical breach of the water and ecological balance, aggravation of the problem of Aral and undermining of ecological safety of the vast region.

Thank you for your attention.

2. ACCIDENT, NOUVELLE DONNE. A Tchernobyl, près de 30 ans après l'explosion de la centrale nucléaire, les grands mammifères sont beaucoup plus nombreux qu'avant l'accident dans la zone d'exclusion. Les sangliers, chevreuils, élans, lynx, prospèrent. Les loups sont 7 fois plus nombreux que dans les régions avoisinantes. Le feulement des tigres roulait en ces lieux, il y a 800 ans... International Business Times, hier. Hannah Osborne. "Wildlife thriving in Chernobyl exclusion zone : lynx, boar, deer and wolves roam poisoned land". (PHOTOS MAGNIFIQUES...)

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/wildlife-thriving-chernobyl-exclusion-zone-lynx-boar-deer-wolves-roam-poisoned-land-photos-1522509

Voir aussi : Fukushima, des villes en voie de disparition deviennent des sanctuaires pour les sangliers. Je remercie Pierre - Olivier Combelles pour la transmission gracieuse de cette référence.

http://www.fukushima-blog.com/2015/09/que-se-passe-t-il-apres-un-accident-nucleaire.html

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  • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
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