Overblog Suivre ce blog
Editer l'article Administration Créer mon blog
29 octobre 2016 6 29 /10 /octobre /2016 10:11

Ceci fait suite à "L'Ombre et la Proie" mis en ligne le 25 Octobre.

Le Japon aura vraisemblablement la main sur la future composition de la Commission Baleinière Internationale. The Japan Times, ce jour. Kyodo."IWC to set up fund for developing nations ; Japanese named next chairman."

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/10/29/national/science-health/iwc-set-fund-developing-nations-japanese-named-chairman/#.WBRyoS2LTIU

La culture de la Baleine au Japon est aussi profonde et intense que celle du Tigre en Chine (elle a été mise à mal par la politique de la canonnière américaine en 1853, menée dans l'intérêt des baleiniers américains).

The oldest written mention of whaling in Japanese records is from Kojiki, the oldest Japanese historical book written in the 7th century AD. In this book, whale meat was eaten by Emperor Jimmu. In Man'yōshū, the oldest anthology of poems in the 8th century, the word "Whaling" (いさなとり) was frequently used in depicting the ocean or beaches.

12th century : Hand-harpoon whaling starts in Japan. 

One of the first records of whaling by the use of harpoons are from the 1570s at Morosaki, a bay attached to Ise Bay. This method of whaling, known as the harpoon method (tsukitori-ho) spread to Kii (before 1606), Hand-harpooning of Baird's beaked whales starts in Chiba Prefecture, Japan (near Wadaura) (1612),  Shikoku (1624), northern Kyushu (1630s), and Nagato (around 1672). 

Kakuemon Wada, later known as Kakuemon Taiji, was said to have invented net whaling, or the net method (amitori-ho) sometime between 1675 and 1677. This method soon spread to Shikoku (1681) and northern Kyushu (1684)

Using the techniques developed by Taiji, the Japanese mainly hunted four species of whale, the North Pacific right (Semi-Kujira), the humpback (Zato-Kujira), the fin (Nagasu-Kujira), and the gray whale (Ko-Kujira or Koku-Kujira). They also caught the occasional blue (Shiro Nagasu-Kujira), sperm (Makko-Kujira), or sei/Bryde's whale (Iwashi-Kujira).

1838 : Organized whaling using nets starts in Ayukawa, but was unsuccessful. In 1838 they had experienced at Ayukawa with the net whaling techniques that had been used with great success for centuries before the coming of the foreign whaling ships and the wholesale, wasteful slaughter that ensued. At the orders of the feudal lord of the region, Lord Date Masamune, they imported the skills of Iki island whalers, and began to chase the great sea mammals. However, the right whales and humpback whales were fewer now, and the operation did not last long. It folded around 1843, having taken only forty whales.

Whaling has been frequently mentioned in Japanese historical texts.

  • Whaling history (鯨史稿), Seijun Ohtsuki, 1808.

  • Whaling Picture Scroll (鯨絵巻), Jinemon Ikushima, 1665.

  • Whale Hunt Picture Scroll (捕鯨絵巻), Eikin Hangaya, 1666.

  • Ogawajima Whaling Wars (小川島鯨鯢合戦), Unknown, 1667.

 

鯨絵・捕鯨史料 [History of whaling, whales in art](in Japanese). The Kyushu University Museum. 

 

 鯨史稿 巻之六 [Noriyuki's six-volume manuscript of whaling] (in Japanese). The Kyushu University Museum. 

 鯨絵巻 上 [Picture scrolls of whales] (in Japanese). The Kyushu University Museum. 

 捕鯨絵巻 [Emaki whaling] (in Japanese). The Kyushu University Museum. 

小川島鯨鯢合戦 [Ogawajima whaling wars] (in Japanese). The Kyushu University Museum. 

Pour les différents cultes de la baleine au Japon, voir :

https://hyakumonogatari.com/2013/05/10/bakekujira-and-japans-whale-cults/

Voir aussi "Guerre et Paix", mis en ligne sur ce blog le 26 juillet 2015.

     

    LA NAGEOIRE OU LA PATTE

    KUJIRATORI ("La Chasse à la Baleine"). Hayao Miyazaki. 2001.

    Partager cet article

    Repost 0

    commentaires

    Présentation

    • : Le retour du tigre en Europe: le blog d'Alain Sennepin
    • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
    • Contact

    Recherche

    Liens