En 2010, les russes ont massivement compris qu'il était important d'agir pour leurs tigres. En 2011, ce sera pour leurs forêts.
Never before has the fate of a rare species of animals has not been so riveted attention of the public and governments.
The central event of the year Tiger was the International Forum on tiger conservation , which was held in St. Petersburg Summit on 21-24 November 2010 This was the historic Declaration and Programme for tiger conservation in the world. Simultaneously with the forum in St. Petersburg, Vladivostok was a youth forum on tiger conservation , which brought together young leaders from the same 13 countries.
On the eve of the Forum was published with trategiya tiger conservation in Russia , which will coordinate all necessary measures to protect the Amur tiger.
In the Year of the Tiger WWF formulated 8 measures necessary to conserve the Amur tiger:
1. Strengthen the environmental control
2. Toughen penalties for illegal trade, possession and transportation of tiger skin, his body parts and products from them
3. A ban on felling of cedar
4.To increase the number of wild ungulates
5. Alleviate the conflict between man and tiger
6. Complete the formation of a bound system of protected areas (PAs).
7. Implement a program of Russian-Chinese border cooperation.
8.To ensure that Russia Action Plan for the Amur tiger conservation which will include all these measures, and provide a significant portion of their funding from the federal budget
In the past year much has been achieved, namely:
- Cedar was listed as a banned felling of rocks
- The Government gave instructions to strengthen the environmental control
- Increased funding to work with ungulates
- Taken as a conservation lease one of the most valuable areas Bikinsko nut-fishing zones - nearly 500.000 ha in the Bikin River basin, and prepared the documentation to incorporate the territory into Bikin UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Prime Minister V. Putin promises given by the Russian-Chinese cross-border cooperation programs and assistance to China in the reconstruction of the Amur tiger population in Changbai Mountains
. - Action Plan for the Amur tiger conservation is under consideration, the total funding for tiger conservation in Russia increased.
"International Forum on tiger conservation and a program to restore its strength - it is a huge step forward - said Igor Chestin, Director of WWF Russia. - But this is only the beginning. Now we need to combine efforts by countries and partners around the world to turn the momentum and the promises made in 2010 into real action to preserve and increase the number of tigers. Tigers no longer have the time, so now we can not rest on our laurels. "
As part of the campaign WWF held a number of outstanding shares - both during a rally Tigers in "the projection of the tigers" skimmed "by the Kremlin wall, and other landmark buildings in Moscow and St. Petersburg; staff WWF« escorted the "messengers of Amur tigers from papier-mache who came from Vladivostok to Moscow and then to St. Petersburg to attend the Forum, and now everyone can take part in actions "Adopt a Tiger" and turn into a tiger avatar.wwf.ru, having participated in Internet stocks , "Accept wild type - Keep a wild look! ".
Total partner companies "adopt" about 120 tigers.
WWF also says a huge "thank you" for supporting the proponents of Commons, who took an active part in the Year of the Tiger - because "adopt" 102 Tiger (and continue to adopt!) , for having stood in the huge figure of a tiger on the Sparrow Hills, voted for a ban on felling of cedar and danced for Tiger Ball WWF and funds for firefighting equipment on the ground tiger in the Far East.
Exist today in our country, forest management practices focused on the development of more and more forest areas, including timber in securities in terms of biodiversity conservation forests. As a result, the prevalence of clear-cutting and lack of care for the forest structure of the forest deteriorates, productive spruce and pine forests give way to aspen and birch forests of little value. Economically accessible forests is becoming less and less and need to invest huge amounts of money to get to the remaining forests and take out timber, commodity whose quality leaves much to be desired. This is particularly a problem for the North-West Russia, which still exist in Europe the last intact forest landscapes . Indigenous taiga forests in the Arkhangelsk region and Komi Republic recognized the value of the global scale, but the current model of forest threatens to destroy them for a couple of decades, and then hack will have nothing that would be a disaster for the forest regions. According to experts WWF, a similar situation is beginning to emerge in the Siberian forests.
Creating Rosleshoz ad hoc working group to address increasing intensification of forest management and forest management suggests that the government finally comes to realize that long-term pioneering method of forest exploitation is the forest industry in Russia to a standstill. WWF Russia and other environmental organizations have long said that the intensification of forest management should not be at the expense of increasing the area of cutting, but at the expense of obtaining a greater effect in cutting traffic. According to environmentalists, Russia needs to develop a quality management on already developed, accessibility and productive forest land to grow timber, while retaining old-growth forests.
The very idea is not new, it has been successful in the Scandinavian countries. In Finland and leeboard long used a model whose essence is to grow the forest and care for him. This reduces the area of exploited forest areas and increase the efficiency of agriculture in general.
Successful examples of the development of new forestry practices are in Russia. One of the pioneers began to draft WWF «Pskov Model Forest, who created a model of sustainable forest management, in which repeatedly increases the economic efficiency of forest management. In this project demonstrated how to use a landscape approach in the planning, conservation of biological diversity and to involve people and processes of forest management. In short, to implement the principles of sustainable forest management.
"We believe the actions the Federal Forestry Agency in the direction of the intensification of forest management an economically accessible forest lands an important step towards sustainable forest management - said the head of Forest Programme WWF Elena Kulikova. . - We hope that the project design WWF, first and foremost, Pskov Model Forest Project, will be used Rosleshoz to the intensification of forest management was not at the expense of environmental and social aspects. "