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12 mars 2013 2 12 /03 /mars /2013 07:46


1.Il est parfois préférable, pour le présent comme pour l'avenir, d'abattre un "tigre problématique" (équivalent du "bad wolf" des naturalistes américains), plutôt que de le délocaliser. Source: le spécialiste Ullas Karanth, dans le Times of India de ce jour, à partir d'un cas très concret.

2. En fin de page : mise en place d'un plan anti braconnage par électrocution (Source : 21st century tiger, ce jour).


1.KOZHIKODE: The tiger scare in Wayanad has now taken an interstate dimension. It has emerged that the 'problem tigers' captured by Karnataka forest officials and released close to the Kerala border were involved in the last two man-animal conflicts in Wayanad which left seven persons injured.

TOI has learnt that the latest tiger captured at Moodakolli in Wayanad on March 6 was also a problem tiger captured by the Karnataka forest department from the Nagarahole National Park on January 17 after it attacked two people. It was released at the Bandipur National Park, bordering Wayanad, on the same day at a spot which was just 16km from its capture site in Kerala. The identity of the tiger was confirmed by the experts of the Bangalore-based Centre for Wildlife Studies-India (CWS).

The term 'problem tiger' is used for any animal that persistently preys on domestic livestock, or has either killed human beings, or is potentially likely to do so immediately.

Also, the previous tiger captured from Wayanad on February 2 was caged by the Karnataka forest department following cattle killing complaints

and released at a place just 19km from Odappalam where it was later captured by the Kerala forest officials.

The bungling by the Kerala forest department in releasing another stray tiger, originally from Nagarhole and captured on November 13 from Wayanad, ended in the shooting down of the big cat on December 2.

Kerala forest officials say that the instances of problem tigers released by Karnataka forest department close to the state's boundary leading to conflict situations here called for a total review of the capture-release practice of problem tigers as it has only contributed to transfer of the problem to a new location.

Centre for Wildlife Studies director K Ullas Karanth said that all the three tigers were released without following NTCA guidelines. It thus resulted in the sparking off of bigger problems and anti-conservation feelings among the people of Wayanad.

He said that the felid captured at Moodakolli on March 6 was a male, around 9-10 years old, identified as NHT-292. The tiger was involved in cattle attacks within the Mysore forest division and at Manchanayakanahalli in January 2013 and had also attacked a villager on January 16. It was mobbed by the villagers at Ankanathpura on January 17 where it attacked a freelance photographer who was taking its snaps. It was released near Doddahalla within the Nisana Begur forest range in Bandipur National Park at 4.30pm the same day.

Karanth said that trans-locating the tiger into the Bandipur National Park led to a man-animal conflict situation in Wayanad. "The release actually accentuated and transferred the conflict than solving it," he said.

"This tiger, an evicted resident, past its prime, should have been euthanized, or held in captivity permanently. Releasing it again anywhere would surely have led to more conflicts and management problems," he added.

Chief conservator of forest O P Kaler said that the National Tiger Conservation Authority directive to radio-collar all released tigers was not followed by the Karnataka forest staff while releasing problem tigers. "The NTCA guidelines are also against releasing injured and old tigers back to the wild. The tiger in question was around 10 years old and has lived its life. Then, what was the need to release the problem tiger," he added.


2.Restes d'un tigre électrocuté puis dépouillé en 2012

The number of tiger deaths from electrocution have lead the NTCA to call for a tiger electrocution action plan. Electric fences and traps to stop crop raiding are a threat to wildlife in both India and Sumatra like this example shown here from Bandhavgarh in 2012.

In addition, there is a demand  for utility companies in India to monitor transmission cables in and around national parks more closely to ensure that they pose no threat to people and wildlife.

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