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28 octobre 2011 5 28 /10 /octobre /2011 15:33


In nut-fishing zones of Primorye, taken with the support of WWF to rent in non-wood use - a big harvest.

But for the development of the integrated development of forest resources should be a significant change in the law

Cedar-broadleaf forests of the Far East are home to the Amur tiger, the place of the traditional lifestyle of indigenous peoples, the basis for environmental taiga settlements and the unique facility to save the planet's climate. Since 2007, supported by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), more than 600 thousand hectares of valuable forests of Primorye - Bikin, East, Mill and Koksharovskoy nut-fishing zones (IPF) - have been leased for up to 49 years for harvesting food forest resources and collection of medicinal plants.  So in the best virgin pine forests appeared tenants, who are vitally interested in preserving   "Trees-earners" and maximize the benefits of not conducting logging, and integrated development of non-timber resources. In a situation where even the status of protective forests, could not save them from destruction, and cut cedar throughout, such lease a historic event for the forestry and nature conservation.

This year, for the first time after taking a nut-fishing zones in the non-wood forest lease in, come in Primorye this crop year, and began collecting pine nut industry.

But the main problem that exists today in the legislation - is prohibitively large fee for the resource, which makes it cost prohibitive in fact. Thus, in the Mill nut-fishing zone for the right price is only collecting nuts is 13 rubles.  In addition, the leases require the lessee to engage in the protection of the territory, to acquire fire fighting equipment, machinery, lay mineralized bands, take care of them, which means added costs for fuel, spare parts, patch egerskoy service.

"From my point of view, the right to pay the state once for the right to lease contract, won in fair competition with other bidders in the auction.  And further, if the crop - a forest lodge a declaration in accordance with the allowed volume of industrial logging and pay for the resource is at flat rates established by the state - 1.5 rubles per kilo of nuts in the Primorye Territory.  Under these conditions, we can talk about the possibility of developing a serious forest management on food forest resources ", - believes Oleg Yushkin, chairman of the social organization of hunters and anglers   "Sidatun", leading to a contract with the tenant collect non-timber forest resources in the Mill SCR.

"While most of the costs claimed the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), because the society itself hunters and fishermen with no significant development of this sphere of activity, such costs are not explicitly draw.  To achieve such development, and as a result and the main goal - integrated development of nut-fishing zones as an alternative to logging in valuable woods - obviously requires direct access of suppliers to the major tenants, processors and consumers of these products.  Thanks to the agreements already reached with the largest consumer of pine nuts in the U.S., responsible tenants can already this season in addition to stockpiling market prices for the nut to get added value that covers the cost of maintaining such a lease, - says the coordinator of the Integrated Forest Management Amur branch of WWF-Russia's Evgeny Lepeshkin. - A significant change in the law is another major challenge that must be addressed to us along with the public and responsible business in the area of food forest resources to make this sector viable forest management is really suiting all parties involved. "

In November 2010, the eve of the International Tiger Summit, there was the main thing - Korean cedar was listed as a species, harvesting of which is prohibited.  But this is not the first nor the last step in the conservation of cedar.  In July this year in the course of negotiations Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel signed a memorandum of understanding on the promotion of the project "Protection of Forests effective Bikin River to reduce the impact of climate change" implemented in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol.

"In August, the World Wildlife Fund - WWF Germany and WWF Russia - launched a new climate project is already in all the coniferous-deciduous forests of the Far East of Russia, carried out by the Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the Development Bank Germany (KFW) in the framework of international climate initiative.  That is, the preservation of coniferous and deciduous forests became a matter of state, even inter-state importance, and was endorsed at the highest level - says Eugene Lepeshkin. - Now, when the WWF partners have leased cedar-broadleaf forest area of more than 600 000 hectares and there   "First signs" that are trying to develop a business based on sustainable resources - walnut cedar, ferns, Siberian Ginseng, it is necessary to remove the administrative and legislative barriers to the development of this promising trend - sustainable forest management without cutting. "

Support at the state level of the integrated development of forest resources of food and medicinal plants, WWF considers necessary condition for the preservation of cedar-broadleaf forests, tiger, and social welfare of the inhabitants of taiga regions of the Far East.

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