La Cour Suprême indienne a décidé la suppression du tourisme dans le coeur de zone des réserves à tigres (source : BBC of India du 24 juillet).
Voir pour le détail
Voir aussi The Hindu du 26 juillet :
The ban imposed by the Supreme Court on tourism activities in the core areas of tiger reserves in the country has indeed come as good news in the area of conservation of dwindling tiger population. It has been welcomed by the people and the non-governmental organisations. However, what would happen if the notification with regard to the creation of the proposed buffer zone has thrown up a new question on their minds in Kodagu and Mysore areas proposed to come under the net.
“Saving tigers is the responsibility of every citizen and the ruling of the Supreme Court is very significant',” said M.B. Prabhu, who heads the Indian Institute of Tribal Education, a non-governmental organisation in the Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park. The buffer zone would have a radius of 10 km from the core area, he says and hopes that it will not restrict the activities of people if the 10-km radius notification of buffer zone comes into effect.
According to him, over 100 villages in and around the Rajiv Gandhi National Park would come under the net of buffer zone notification in Mysore and Kodagu districts. Most villages in five gram panchayats in Periyapatna taluk in Mysore and most of the villages in the Nittur, Thithimahi, Balele, Kanur, Nalkeri, and Kutta gram panchayats in Kodagu are likely to be impacted.
In H.D. Kote taluk, the Antarsante area and many villages in Panchavalli and Malangi areas in Periyapatna taluk, Doddahejjur, Karnakuppe, Hanagodu, and Neralekuppe panchayats in Hunsur are likely to come under the 10-km buffer zone, Mr. Prabhu said.
How would the Kodagu Zilla Panchayat, which had passed a resolution in the past opposing the 10-km radius notification on buffer zone under the eco-sensitive zone would react to the issue, asks C.A. Nanda Subbaiah, a progressive coffee grower at Maldare in Kodagu. However, the decision to ban commercial tourism in the core tiger reserve was a good augury, he said.
Mr. Prabhu cites the Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR) in Tamil Nadu where local peoples’ participation was ensured to protect the flora and fauna. If the Forest Department could make it applicable to other tiger reserves it would bolster efforts of tiger conservation in the country. There were five tiger reserves in the State and care should be exercised to conserve the tiger population in a way that the interests of the local stakeholders too were not lost sight of, he says. The other point that needed to be looked at was whether the conservation efforts clashed with the implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Rights) Act.
Noted environmentalist, A.A. Thammu Poovaiah, welcomes the decision of the Supreme Court on ban in the core tiger reserves and says that it was necessary for places such as Kabini, which was witnessing a huge tourist turnout everyday. He said that only 20 per cent of the national parks were shown to people during the safaris which might not have a big impact on wildlife, which could be carefully sustained.
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