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15 février 2013 5 15 /02 /février /2013 05:13

12 TIGRES MORTS EN 10 MOIS DANS L'ETAT DU MADYA PRADESH : causes diverses, dont 3 cas de braconnage par électrocution - "AGIR OU MOURIR" (Mahatma Gandhi, 8 Août 1942). Source : Times of India, ce jour - . Les félins essaiment d'une réserve à l'autre (voir page blog d'avant - hier "Cruel défaut d'espace vital"), un mâle adulte vient d'arriver dans celle de Palamu (Times of India, ce jour).

En Andhra Pradesh, la vitesse des véhicules sera limitée à 30km/h dans les réserves... (The Hindu, ce jour).

1.NAGPUR: Expressing serious concern over 12 tiger deaths in just 10 months in Madhya Pradesh, minister for environment and forest JayanthiNatarajan has urged state chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan to take preventive steps.

From January 1, 2012, to October 19, 2012, 12 tigers have died in the 'tiger state' of MP. Shockingly, 50% of them died due to poaching. One tiger died in December, taking the total tally to 13.

Substantiating her claims, Natarajan submitted details of tiger deaths showing that of the 12 tigers, five died a natural death while seven died due to poaching and accidents. While five deaths were reported in territorial areas, seven were reported from Kanha, Panna and Bandhavgarh tiger reserves.

Natarajan's letter to Chouhan said the number of deaths is comparatively higher than the average tiger mortality recorded in the past. She said the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has issued several advisories for anti-poaching operations, besides alerting the states time and again.

"Since there are more deaths outside tiger reserves, there is an urgent need to review tiger deaths in general forest areas by head of forest force (HOFF) of the state," she stressed.

Based on such reviews, an ongoing field monitoring system should be put in place in areas having spatial occupancy of tigers. The man-tiger interface issues need to be urgently addressed through prompt payment of ex-gratia compensation to avoid revenge killings, Natarajan said.

She has urged the chief minister to direct chief wildlife warden to liaison closely with the NTCA and Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) to strengthen networking to enable timely alerts and draw up preventive strategy.

However, in a reply to Natarajan, the MP chief minister said the state is trying its best to ensure that tigers are not poached by professional poachers or killed in retaliation for loss of human life or cattle by irate villagers.

Chouhan admitted that from January to December 2012, 13 cases of tiger deaths and three cases of tiger skin seizures have been registered. He claimed that among the 13 cases, the causes of tiger mortality include death due to senility (1), disease (4), territorial fight (3), accidental death (2), and poaching (3). All the three cases of poaching have been caused by electrocution. Not a single case of poaching has occurred this year within any tiger reserve, Chouhan replied to Natarajan.

Chouhan admitted that one of the biggest challenges is to monitor and protect tigers dispersing from natal areas into multiple use areas strewn with villages, crop fields and several other land uses.

The chief minister said MP has been focusing on strengthening territorial divisions by providing personnel skill training and equipment. "We have established 54 tiger protection camps in sensitive areas abutting tiger reserves and equipped these camps with personnel, vehicles, field gear and other necessary equipment. We have also trained staff managing territorial forest divisions in wildlife crime detection investigation, and monitoring is an ongoing activity," said Chouhan.


2. DALTONGANJ: Palamu Tiger Reserve (PTR) officials are elated with the arrival of an adult male tiger in the reserve. The foresters said the pugmarks of this tiger are different from other felines in PTR. However, wildlife officials have no idea where this tiger has come from.

Project Tiger field director SEH Kazmi said: "I personally saw the pugmarks of the tiger - they are enormous and very different from the other tigers in this reserve." He said the pugmarks measure 15x16 centimeters, which is the biggest seen in PTR.

Premjit Anand, DFO Core of the tiger reserve, also said that he believed that these footprints were created by a newcomer. He, however, refused to disclose the exact location where the pugmarks were seen. Anand added that the new tiger has been named Maharaja by foresters.

Sources said PTR staff is concerned about the safety and security of tigers and other animals at the reserve and hunting and poaching are real challenges faced by them. They said foresters are disappointed with the dwindling number of officers and more than 60% posts have been vacant for more than 13 years.

The sources said PTR is more vulnerable to poaching than other tiger reserves in the country because of frequent clashes between security forces and Maoists. Security forces often launch anti-Maoist operations both in the core and buffer areas of the reserve and that does not augur well for the reserve.


3. Traffic check in Kawal Tiger Reserve

Workers burning dry leaves as part of fire line operations in the Kawal Tiger Reserve in Adilabad. Photo: S. Harpal Singh
  Workers burning dry leaves as part of fire line operations in the Kawal Tiger Reserve in Adilabad. Photo: S. Harpal Singh

To make life more secure and reduce disturbance for wild animals, speed limit on roads passing through the forest restricted to 30 km per hour

Concerned over the ever increasing vehicular traffic on roads passing through the Kawal Tiger Reserve (KTR) in Adilabad district, the government has issued orders restricting the speed limit to 30 km per hour. The first of its kind order, issued by Andhra Pradesh Chief Wildlife Warden A.V. Joseph, will be implemented soon on those stretches of Utnoor-Indhanpalli and Nirmal-Luxettipet roads which fall within the KTR. “This is necessary to make life more secure for the precious wild fauna here. The disturbance due to vehicular traffic needs to be drastically decreased for the convenience of the wild animals,” says Jannaram Divisional Forest Officer G. Rama Krishna Rao, about the latest development.


Among the steps already taken for reducing disturbance to animals is the Forest department getting the R&B lay six speed-breakers on these roads. “Four more will come up at other locations as per the decision of the State Wildlife Advisory Board headed by Speaker Nadendla Manohar,” the DFO points out.

“The Board has selected the spots for speed-breakers based on our survey of animal crossing points on the roads. Removal of the speed breakers needs the consent of the Board itself,” he adds, as he answers questions on complaints being received about the speed-breakers.

Fire line operations

The KTR management has also started fire line operations for the season which incorporate controlled burning away of dry leaves along the roads in question. The fire line runs about 10 metres deep in the forest along the edge of the road which will prevent break out of accidental fire and prevent damage to precious flora and fauna.

Drinking water

Preparations have also been made to provide drinking water to wild animals through cement saucers at about 40 places where the natural source cannot be improved. “Water will be filled in the saucers at regular intervals for making life a bit easier for wild animals here,” Mr. Rama Krishna Rao says.

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