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12 février 2011 6 12 /02 /février /2011 05:19

UNE PREMIERE VICTOIRE

 

Après des années de gabegie destructrice et un été 2010 désastreux et traumatique, la Russie semble être à un tournant dans le regard qu'elle porte sur sa forêt, maison commune des hommes et des animaux et seule véritable protectrice du pays. Le Code Forestier, toujours calamiteux en l'état, va être amendé. Et pour la première fois, la Russie se réfère aux normes américaines, ce sur quoi insistait depuis des années Yuri Bersenev, le Directeur du Parc Zov Tigra (voir les détails sur le diaporama programmatique du Parc, accessible sur la page d'accueil de mon site "4 continents pour les tigres").

Nous rappelons simplement ici que la forêt sub - arctique de la Russie occidentale et centrale est le plus vaste complexe forestier au monde. Il reste, à ce jour, quasiment intact.

 

February 10 in Moscow with the participation of WWF held a meeting to discuss the intermediate results of implementation of the program in Russia to improve law enforcement and governance in the forestry sector in the FLEG process.

 

ENP program FLEG "" Improving law enforcement and governance in the forestry sector in the eastern direction of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and Russia " is implemented by the World Wildlife Fund, World Bank and World Conservation Union, with support from the European Union and is aimed at combating illegal logging, trade in illegal timber and corruption in the forestry sector.

In a short period of time since the beginning of the program achieved significant results, which coordinators ENP FLEG of the implementing organizations presented at the meeting of the National Advisory Committee for the program, held under the chairmanship of Deputy Head of Federal Forestry Agency Alexander Panfilov.  WWF acted as head of Forest Programme Elena Kulikova.

 

WWF in the framework of the program conducted a number of activities in which participants learned about the relationship of forest changes in European forest legislation aimed at preventing the export of illegal timber and timber products from it.  

 Under the new law, EU companies supplying wood to the European market must prove its legality, including  through the use of systems for tracking the origin of wood.  In this regard, WWF carried out a comparative analysis of such systems used by forestry companies in Russia, as well as government accounting methods and control of wood, began work on the harmonization of practices of forest companies and government approaches .

 Another important result of the implementation of the ENP program FLEG in Russia associated with the improvement of Russian forest legislation.  Coordinated by the WWF-Russia program experts in collaboration with Russian NGOs participated in the preparation of amendments to the Forestry Code .  Some of them are addressed in the revised Code, effective January 1, 2011

Among the significant results of the holding of the first independent ranking of quality of forest management in regions of Russia .  Started as a pioneer initiative of WWF in the framework of the WWF and IKEA partnership for sustainable forest management, he continued the program of the ENP FLEG by holding a big communications work.  Rating forest management became a matter of forest policy at the state level, since   in October 2010, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said the need to evaluate the effectiveness of the functions of forest regions of Russia.

 "After years of reluctance of the authorities to hear the voice of the public regarding forest management, finally starting to change, - says Elena Kulikova, Head of Forest Program of WWF Russia.  - For the first time since the adoption of the Forest Code in 2006, a number of amendments proposed by community environmental non-governmental organizations (though not all!) Are taken into account methods of work that evaluates the results of the forestry decentralization (rating of forest management in the region) growing interest in distributed information we have about the changes in EU legislation and the U.S. to prevent illegal trade of wood products".

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9 février 2011 3 09 /02 /février /2011 08:09

UN CENTRE POUR LES TIGRES BLESSES,  MALADES, OU ORPHELINS DEVRAIT VOIR LE JOUR A PARTIR DU 31 AOUT PROCHAIN EN RUSSIE ORIENTALE, ELEMENT IMPORTANT POUR L'AVENIR DE LA POPULATION DANS CETTE REGION DURE ET IMPITOYABLE (source Phoenix Fund).

 

La décision s'est cristallisée après la découverte d'une jeune tigresse morte de faim et d'infections multiples, le 20 janvier dernier. La marche à la mort d'un animal dans la Nature est un phénomène banal. Tout naturaliste sait ce qu'il peut avoir de douloureux et d'épouvantablement atroce. Vladimir Heptner, au début des années 70, avait fait le tour de la littérature scientifique des 19ème et 20ème siècles sur la question. Il avait notamment évoqué le décès par "dystrophie alimentaire" d'un jeune tigre affamé, qui, en désespoir de cause, avait fini par consommer du lichen.

Ce qui change aujourd'hui est le fait que cette information, écologiquement banale, je le répète, soit reprise sur le site officiel de Vladimir Poutine, avec hommage rendu à Viktor Yudin, qui oeuvre seul, jusqu'à présent, et depuis des décennies, à la remise sur pied et la réadaptation des animaux au milieu naturel, dans son modeste centre de reproduction du village de Gaivoron.

 

To increase chances for tigers’ survival in future it is necessary to build a rehabilitation centre in Primorye for sick, injured and orphaned tigers where rescued animals will receive a physical exam, medical treatment and given professional care. The good news is that the Russian Government has approved this idea and is now funding base costs of the project. Construction of the rehabilitation center has now begun in the Nadezhdinsky district of Primorski Krai. The $184,000 project will be managed by the A.N. Severtsov Ecology and Evolution Institute. The Institute has already received 50% of the base funding from the Russian Federation government and is seeking financial support from foreign donors and environmental NGOs to cover the running cost of the center. The rehabilitation centre, which is expected to be the largest one of its kind in Russia, is scheduled to be built by August 31, 2011. There will be 3-hectare enclosures, big enough for the big cats to roam, where predators will be prepared for living in the wild. There, tigers will be trained to hunt prey species and will develop fear of humans, prior to their release into the forests of the Russian Far East.

Up to now, hearted and orphaned cubs  were transferred to the Tiger Breeding Centre at the Gaivoron village to be prepared for reintroduction into the wild. The centre's staff includes Viktor Yudin, PhD in Biology and a prominent expert in predatory mammals (source Prime Minister V. Putin). 

 

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8 février 2011 2 08 /02 /février /2011 20:25

LA CONVENTION RAMSAR : UN OUTIL POTENTIELLEMENT UTILE POUR DES NATURALISTES AMBITIEUX ET DETERMINES

 

Les zones humides holarctiques sont probablement des espaces dont la fonctionnalité sera décisive pour l'avenir de l'humanité (voir 22 Janvier : Arctagaïa, la guerre du Nord). La mise en place de plans leur assurant une dynamique de développement spontané et un niveau croissant de naturalité peut être engagée sans délai. Il existe déjà, depuis 40 ans, un outil institutionnel pour celà. Les blocages anthropologiques à l'oeuvre depuis la deuxième moitié du 19ème siècle, qui ont fortement contrarié son usage jusqu'à présent, commencent à s'effriter. Des initiatives audacieuses, conçues par des esprits résolus, ont désormais plus de chances de se concrétiser. 

Zones humides : quatre nouveaux sites protégés au Mexique


 


 Avec ces quatre nouvelles zones humides, le Mexique protège désormais quelque 9 millions d'hectares grâce à la convention de Ramsar. En France, la superficie des zones humides ainsi protégées s'étend à ce jour sur 3.290 578 hectares, en comparaison. Comme le rapporte le site Goodplanet, ce sont la lagune de Cuyutlan, située dans l'Etat de Colima, l'estuaire du Soldado dans le Sonora, El Jaguey dans l'Etat d'Aguascalientes, et la Presa de Silva à Guanajuato, qui seront désormais protégés au Mexique.

Les zones humides offrent une biodiversité unique, aux vertus biologiques, hydrologiques et économiques incomparables (elles sont notamment encore bien plus efficientes que les forêts dans la capture du CO2). Elles abritent de nombreuses espèces d'oiseaux, de plantes, d'insectes et de poissons, dont certaines sont menacées.

 Alors qu'en France, 50% de ces sites ont disparu entre 1960 et 1990, la convention de Ramsar vise à lutter contre cette érosion, en assurant la conservation et l'utilisation durable des zones humides.

Alors que le Mexique ajoutait de nouveaux sites à la convention, la ministre de l'Ecologie Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet annonçait le même jour le prochain lancement d'un appel à candidatures pour la création du premier parc national de zones humides français...

 

ET AU DELA, UN DRAGON VERT PLURICONTINENTAL, GROUILLANT DE VIE...


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3 février 2011 4 03 /02 /février /2011 20:43

En 2010, les russes ont massivement compris qu'il était important d'agir pour leurs tigres. En 2011, ce sera pour leurs forêts.

Never before has the fate of a rare species of animals has not been so riveted attention of the public and governments.

The central event of the year Tiger was the International Forum on tiger conservation , which was held in St. Petersburg Summit on 21-24 November 2010 This was the historic Declaration and Programme for tiger conservation in the world.  Simultaneously with the forum in St. Petersburg, Vladivostok was a youth forum on tiger conservation , which brought together young leaders from the same 13 countries.

On the eve of the Forum was published with trategiya tiger conservation in Russia , which will coordinate all necessary measures to protect the Amur tiger.

  In the Year of the Tiger WWF formulated 8 measures necessary to conserve the Amur tiger:

1.   Strengthen the environmental control

2. Toughen penalties for illegal trade, possession and transportation of tiger skin, his body parts and products from them

3.  A ban on felling of cedar

4.To increase the number of wild ungulates

5. Alleviate the conflict between man and tiger

6. Complete the formation of a bound system of protected areas (PAs).

7. Implement a program of Russian-Chinese border cooperation.

8.To ensure that Russia Action Plan for the Amur tiger conservation which will include all these measures, and provide a significant portion of their funding from the federal budget

In the past year much has been achieved, namely:

- Cedar was listed as a banned felling of rocks

- The Government gave instructions to strengthen the environmental control

- Increased funding to work with ungulates

- Taken as a conservation lease one of the most valuable areas Bikinsko nut-fishing zones - nearly 500.000 ha in the Bikin River basin, and prepared the documentation to incorporate the territory into Bikin UNESCO World Heritage Site

  - Prime Minister V. Putin promises given by the Russian-Chinese cross-border cooperation programs and assistance to China in the reconstruction of the Amur tiger population in Changbai Mountains

. - Action Plan for the Amur tiger conservation is under consideration, the total funding for tiger conservation in Russia increased.

"International Forum on tiger conservation and a program to restore its strength - it is a huge step forward - said Igor Chestin, Director of WWF Russia.  - But this is only the beginning.  Now we need to combine efforts by countries and partners around the world to turn the momentum and the promises made in 2010 into real action to preserve and increase the number of tigers.  Tigers no longer have the time, so now we can not rest on our laurels. "

As part of the campaign WWF held a number of outstanding shares - both during a rally Tigers in "the projection of the tigers" skimmed "by the Kremlin wall, and other landmark buildings in Moscow and St. Petersburg; staff WWF« escorted the "messengers of Amur tigers from papier-mache who came from Vladivostok to Moscow and then to St. Petersburg to attend the Forum, and now everyone can take part in actions "Adopt a Tiger" and turn into a tiger avatar.wwf.ru, having participated in Internet stocks , "Accept wild type - Keep a wild look! ".

Total partner companies "adopt" about 120 tigers.

WWF also says a huge "thank you" for supporting the proponents of Commons, who took an active part in the Year of the Tiger - because "adopt" 102 Tiger (and continue to adopt!) , for having stood in the huge figure of a tiger on the Sparrow Hills, voted for a ban on felling of cedar and danced for Tiger Ball WWF and funds for firefighting equipment on the ground tiger in the Far East.

 

Exist today in our country, forest management practices focused on the development of more and more forest areas, including   timber in securities in terms of biodiversity conservation forests.   As a result, the prevalence of clear-cutting and lack of care for the forest structure of the forest deteriorates, productive spruce and pine forests give way to aspen and birch forests of little value.   Economically accessible forests is becoming less and less and need to invest huge amounts of money to get to the remaining forests and take out timber, commodity whose quality leaves much to be desired. This is particularly a problem for the North-West Russia, which still exist in Europe the last intact forest landscapes . Indigenous taiga forests in the Arkhangelsk region and Komi Republic recognized the value of the global scale, but the current model of forest threatens to destroy them for a couple of decades, and then hack will have nothing that would be a disaster for the forest regions.  According to experts WWF, a similar situation is beginning to emerge in the Siberian forests.

Creating Rosleshoz ad hoc working group to address increasing intensification of forest management and forest management suggests that the government finally comes to realize that long-term pioneering method of forest exploitation is the forest industry in Russia to a standstill. WWF Russia and other environmental organizations have long said that the intensification of forest management should not be at the expense of increasing the area of cutting, but at the expense of obtaining a greater effect in cutting traffic. According to environmentalists, Russia needs to develop a quality management on already developed, accessibility and productive forest land to grow timber, while retaining old-growth forests.

The very idea is not new, it has been successful in the Scandinavian countries. In Finland and leeboard long used a model whose essence is to grow the forest and care for him.  This reduces the area of exploited forest areas and increase the efficiency of agriculture in general.

Successful examples of the development of new forestry practices are in Russia.  One of the pioneers began to draft WWF «Pskov Model Forest, who created a model of sustainable forest management, in which repeatedly increases the economic efficiency of forest management. In this project demonstrated how to use a landscape approach in the planning, conservation of biological diversity and to involve people and processes of forest management.  In short, to implement the principles of sustainable forest management.

  "We believe the actions the Federal Forestry Agency in the direction of the intensification of forest management an economically accessible forest lands an important step towards sustainable forest management - said the head of Forest Programme WWF Elena Kulikova. . - We hope that the project design WWF, first and foremost, Pskov Model Forest Project, will be used Rosleshoz to the intensification of forest management was not at the expense of environmental and social aspects. "

 

 


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2 février 2011 3 02 /02 /février /2011 09:57

En ce jour de célébration de la Nature Sauvage, je me permets cette banalité, cette évidence, pourtant inaudible socialement jusqu'alors, et qui, peut - être, commence à être perçue .

Comme loutres et saumons sont des bio indicateurs symptômatiques de la santé des eaux vives, l'état de la grande faune sauvage et des milieux qui l'hébergent est un indicateur sociopolitique pertinent de la qualité des systèmes d'organisation des communautés humaines. La Tunisie, puis l'Egypte sont le théâtre de changements politiques qui sont les conséquences naturelles des modifications sociologiques profondes qu'ont connu ces pays au cours de ces dernières décennies. Les mutations sociales finissent par faire craquer les coutures de la camisole de force institutionnelle.

C'est vrai aussi pour la Russie, où les autorités sont désormais interpellées selon un argumenteur inédit et révélateur.

Ainsi, dans le Primorye extrême oriental, les basculements des représentations collectives en cours (voir blog du 31 décembre 2010) couronnés par la victoire du 26 octobre (voir blog du même jour) n'enlèvent rien, pour l'heure, à l'extraordinaire âpreté de la vie pour les hommes comme pour les animaux au cours de cet hiver, dans cette terre des frontières décidément si cruelle. Ce qui amène Pavel Fomenko, responsable et agent de terrain WWF Russie pour les grands carnivores, à s'adresser aux représentants politiques fédéraux en ces termes :

"In late February, I will have to re-work on monitoring the tiger on the Blue River, then a general analysis of the situation with the Tigers at all venues.   But now it is clear that the issue of tiger survival is directly dependent on the socio-economic situation in the country, honest and competent work of the authorities, service specially-authorized agencies.

And Tiger is, in this case, an indicator of these processes" .

 

Ce qui émerge à l'Est aujourd'hui, fera bientôt surface à l'Ouest.

"Ohé, Compagnon..."

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2 février 2011 3 02 /02 /février /2011 07:17

LE 2 FEVRIER 2011 SERA AUSSI LA JOURNEE DES ZONES HUMIDES DU BASSIN DE L'AMOUR, AVEC EN VUE LA LIBERATION DU FLEUVE DE TOUT BARRAGE.

L'ENVOL

Life and the future of the Amur River - in the hands of people living on its banks

 

  February 2 - International Day of Wetlands. On the snowy plains of Russia's Far East with the frosts of -10 to -50, this date may cause confusion.  What swamps?  In fact, the day chosen for a reason.   February 2 is carried out mass registration of all waterfowl to their wintering areas in Asia.  At this time there are a peak number of birds in wetlands, lakes, and reservoirs.

All the birds have flown before "winter quarters", but no one has ever moved back.

For the curious: flying off from Russia in the fall, our storks, for example, for a month or two linger in Northeast China, to feed on harvested fields, and then fly to the Yangtze.  Live in warmth and comfort of the coldest time, feeding on the moor, and in early March gets under way in return.  A Far Eastern curlew flies for winter in Australia - for five thousand kilometers!

Cupid - the most important flyway for migratory birds.  Vast flocks descend ducks, geese, shorebirds on the lake and marsh tributaries of the river, resting, waiting out bad weather, supported during the multi-day trip.  And for the 300 species of birds Amur River basin - a place where they were born, grew up and where to return each year to build a nest and bring offspring.  This is where the nest 95% of the world's remaining Far storks, 65% Japanese and 50% Daurian cranes.

A huge freshwater ecoregion is divided between China, Mongolia and Russia.  On the Russian side in the Amur basin located Transbaikalia, Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krai, Amur and Jewish AutonomousRegion.  In 2003, to deal with these subjects of the Russian Federation was created by the Coordinating Committee on Sustainable Development in the Amur River basin to develop common policies and strategies for managing the environmental situation.

  In 2009, the powers of the President of the Coordinating Committee referred to the Trans-Baikal Territory.  Deputy Governor of the Territory Eugene Vishnyakov became the youngest chairman in the history of the committee.  In the Committee's work plan for the next three years, the main attention is paid to the legislative initiative.  Necessary to achieve adoption of the Federal Law on environmental management in the Amur River basin, a series of measures to promote international cooperation with neighboring countries in the sphere of nature management and environmental protection.

  The most important environmental task is to review the Scheme of complex use and protection of water bodies of the Russian side of the Amur River Basin (SKIOVO).

Free-flowing Amur River without dams on the mainstream - the main principle of the integrated management of river, and this idea is supported by WWF and Co-ordinating Committee.

On the tributaries of the Amur - river Zeya and Bureya already constructed hydroelectric power station, and the impact of their impact on hundreds of kilometers downstream: floodplain dry off, disappearing lakes and spawning grounds.  Necessary to provide environmental  releases (additional water discharge)  in order to preserve the unique fish fauna of the Amur.  Spring during the spawning water from reservoirs should be reset to fish could spawn.  Each species spawn at a certain depth and at a certain temperature.

Artificial structures have violated centuries of evolving a system of reproduction of the inhabitants of a river.  Releases will nourish wetlands that accumulate water and store it until the dry months, as reservoirs, providing food of cranes and storks nesting in marshes and near them.

Acute problem of settlement of the Amur River Basin water resources between countries.  China had violated international agreements and dug a channel to Lake Dalaynor. As a result of Argun - one of the sources of the Amur River, grows shallow, the number of cranes that are included in the international Red Book, is falling.  On the agenda - the creation of a biosphere reserve on the landfill Daursky Argun.  Only scientists can track the situation with a change in watering areas and in time to prevent the catastrophic effects of drought.

An essential part of the integrated protection of water bodies of the Russian part of the Amur River Basin (SKIOVO) is developed by WWF international program of the Green Belt Cupid "to create a transboundary network of protected areas in Russia, China and Mongolia.  Already have successful experience of cooperation trilateral Russian-Chinese-Mongolian reserve "Dauria, bilateral Russian-Chinese nature reserve" Hank ".  For animals there are no borders, they choose those places where there is food and shelter.  Signed an agreement to work together Sokhondinsky State Nature Biosphere Reserve (the Trans-Baikal Region), and the Onon-Baldzhinskogo National Park (Mongolia), between the reserve Khinganskiy (Amur region) and Honghe (PRC), nature reserves "Bastak (EAO) and Bachadao" (PRC), reserves Bolshekhekhtsirsky (Khabarovsk Territory) and Sanchzhyan (PRC).

In the Green Belt Cupid "should include all important for nature conservation wetlands.  At the initiative of WWF Amur region created the Upper Amur reserve.  A unique piece of the floodplain of the Amur is rich in endemic plants, which grow nowhere else.  In Khabarovsk Krai created Sanctuary Aistiny ": a large array of wetlands Mezhuyev rivers and Chorus Podhorenok became the home for 8-10 pairs of storks.  This territory was taken under protection and will soon begin construction of artificial support for nests, the number of birds will increase.  In the Jewish Autonomous Region is working to translate the regional reserve "Zabelovsky in a clustered area of the reserve" Bastak.  This will improve the status of wetlands and enhance the protection regime.  Dozens of species of fish spawn in lakes and streams in Zabelovke, hundreds of birds build their nests there.  On how clean and productive wetlands in the floodplain will depend the health of the Amur River.  Indeed, any river cleans itself.  In so doing, it helps marshes that pass water through a pad of peat moss filter and purify it from contaminants.  Natural laboratory works in any weather.

  A separate unit in terms of there preparations for and conduct of the "Days of Cupid. The foundation was laid in 2003 with the inter-regional campaign "Preservation Wave" was organized by 18 specially protected natural areas located in the basin.  More than 20,000 Far East have received information about what is interesting and valuable to the nature of the ecosystem of the Amur river, what problems exist and in what ways you can solve them.  In 2004 there was an action "Stork of Cupid."  At this time the movement began, "Guardians aistinyh nests", which allowed the Red Book pasportizirovat all nests birds carry Fireproofing nesting trees, and where there are no big trees - to begin to put artificial support. Thanks to all measures, the number of storks in the Amur region, for example, has increased in 1,8 times!

And then in the promotion of environmental issues including the Amur children.  At first it was an action of "Green Shield Black Dragon," during which more than 25,000 schoolchildren 5 Russian subjects of the Amur basin clean beaches of lakes and rivers, springs and restored the plant around their trees, the birds were met and cared for wintering birds.  Practical things Russian children caught the attention of adults in China and Mongolia.  Children of all three countries have begun to draw the "Friends of the Amur. International exhibition of 120 paintings traveled around the pool for two years.  At the same time was preparing documents for the hearings in the State Duma on the Amur River.  Children's drawings, posters, poems, and inversion were an illustration of the fact that all the inhabitants of the region, from small to big, want to help the river to be clean and remain free of dams.

2008 was declared the Year of WWF Ramsar sites in the Amur River basin.  Lake Hanka, Bolon, Torey and Udyl - they sometimes do not even know the inhabitants of the territory or region in which they are located.  Exhibition of photographs and drawings, booklets, posters and flyers, hundreds of "swamp", which came up with schoolchildren, animating themselves marshes and their inhabitants, as custodians of water and biodiversity, have helped to tell is accessible and interesting for Wetlands of International Importance.

  Administration and regions of the Amur Region organized many activities to promote the Amur river, but they were apart, at different times and with different slogans.  In 2009, by decision of the Coordinating Committee on Sustainable Development in the Amur basin Seminar on Planning of "Days of Cupid" common to the entire basin.  It combines action, which will help the public and the authorities realize that the problems with all living on the Amur river, alone, and decide they must work together.

During the "Days of Cupid" will be held press conferences, roundtables, student online conference.  March 14, International Day against dams, will discuss the problem of construction of hydropower stations on the rivers and their impact on nature in the three territories and two areas of the basin.  In 2011 begin inter-regional action "River belt, which will end the festival" Days of Cupid.  Each region and the region will be prepared for this event, and then all together organized a grand celebration in honor of the great river, which feeds water them, and protects the people living on its banks.  Cupid is worthy of respect and care, like a river, around which live and thrive on its wealth of citizens of the three states.

For further information please contact Svetlana Titova, Program Coordinator of WWF-Russia Amur branch of PAs STitova @ amur.wwf.ru

Future depends on today's Amur-making

WWF urges the regions located in the Amur basin, to perform order of the President to prepare federal target program for the protection and ecologically sustainable use of water and biological resources of the Amur.

 

February 2, World Day of wetlands and a day of celebrating the 40 anniversary of the Ramsar Convention, in reserves and in the capitals of regions of the Amur Region will be held press conferences and roundtables on "Days of Cupid."  This two-year campaign was launched in the Far East last year by the decision of the Coordinating Committee on the Amur.  For the first time all five subjects of the Russian Federation, located in the basin of the river, started a general awareness campaign, whose mission - to draw attention to problems of preservation of ecosystems of the Amur River basin.

  Amuru lucky. May 27, 2010 a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council on the reform of public administration in environmental matters. At the initiative of the Governor of Khabarovsk Krai Vyacheslav Shport issue of the Amur was considered at the meeting.   President Dmitry Medvedev approved the list of instructions to the Government. Vladimir Putin, together with the executive authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation should prepare a draft federal target program, which envisages the implementation of measures for conservation, including the transboundary impact, and the environmentally sustainable use of water and biological resources of the Amur River Basin.  Now the regions involved in the preparation of a joint project of such a program, which will include both the social and economic development of the basin, as well as environmental issues unique river, one of the 4 major rivers in the world who do not have dams on the mainstream.

 The whole of last year was under development "schemes of complex use and protection of water bodies (SKIOVO) on the Amur River Basin."  The challenge was performed scientists.  The apotheosis of the work should be a discussion of this Scheme regional officials, scholars and the public. The scheme must undergo public hearings and be sent to the state ecological examination. Today it is clear that SKIOVO not include some aspects of biodiversity conservation pool, not paid attention to transboundary issues.  But on the banks of the Amur, except Russia, are China and Mongolia.

"SKIOVO should become the main instrument for the use of the Amur River in the next 10 years - says Yuri Darman, director of the Amur Branch of WWF Russia.  - Amour - Russian-Chinese river.  In November, the international Tiger Forum, a meeting of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao, in which it was said that the country will strengthen relations between the construction of oil and gas pipelines.

China is willing to invest in forestry and agriculture, the mining industry.  Therefore, it is now important to evaluate the one hand, the possibility of economic development in the Amur basin, on the other side - the threat to river ecosystem. We fear that China is willing to invest in construction of hydropower plants on the mainstream, against what has already performed all the governors of regions and areas located in the basin. This year, China needs to complete a program of specially protected natural areas - the Green Belt of the Amur. We hope that this issue would be discussed in September at an international meeting of the Amur - 2011.


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1 février 2011 2 01 /02 /février /2011 19:39

Le 29 janvier dernier, j'avais publié une page illustrant le projet d'une "Chandelours" thématiquement élargie, préparé conjointement par Stéphane Carbonnaux et moi même au cours du mois qui s'est achevé hier. Pour en prendre la juste  mesure, allez sur le blog de Stéphane Carbonnaux et Marie Coquet "Nature Sauvage et Civilisation", et découvrez tout ce qui y a été publié aujourd'hui. Point n'est besoin de commentaire particulier. Vous comprendrez.

COMME JE L'AI DIT A STEPHAN TOUT A L'HEURE, L'AVENTURE COMMENCE.

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31 janvier 2011 1 31 /01 /janvier /2011 20:04

LA SYMBIOSE ANHISTORIQUE

 

La relation entre communautés humaines et carnivores sauvages ont été très variées et fluctuantes au long de leur cohabitation. Comparons simplement ce qu'il en fut entre homme et renard en Jordanie il y a 16500 ans (voir ci - dessous) et en France aujourd'hui (voir le blog de Stéphane Carbonnaux "Nature Sauvage et Civilisation" du 27 janvier).

 

Relatée fin janvier dans la revue PLoS One, la découverte, par des archéologues britanniques, dans le nord de la Jordanie, d'une tombe recélant les restes d'un homme et ceux d'un renard, suggère l'existence d'un lien particulier entre les deux. 

Dans une tombe, outre les restes d'une femme, quelques os ayant appartenu à un homme, ainsi que le crâne et l'humérus droit d'un renard. Dans une tombe adjacente, la dépouille du même homme, et le reste des os du renard : c'est le mystère sur lequel ont planché les chercheurs qui étudient, depuis 2005, cet ancien cimetière, datant d'il y a environ 16.500 ans, à Uyun-al-Hammam, en Jordanie.

"Ce que nous semblons avoir trouvé, c'est un cas où un renard a été tué et enterré avec son propriétaire. Plus tard, la tombe a été rouverte pour quelque raison et le corps de l'homme a été déplacé. Mais, parce que le lien entre le renard et l'homme avait été significatif, le renard a été déplacé aussi, pour que la personne continue d'être accompagnée par l'animal dans l'au-delà", explique le Dr Lisa Maher, du Centre d'études sur l'évolution de l'homme à l'Université de Cambridge.

Un cas unique, puisque, jusque là, la plus ancienne sépulture mêlant des restes humains et ceux d'un animal domestique, trouvée en Israël, était plus récente de 4.000 ans. Il s'agissait d'un chien.

 

Cette symbiose "préhistorique" est en fait récurrente dans l'histoire humaine, tout autant  que les phases d'antibiose mutilantes et  mortifères. Notre époque a pourtant du mal à imaginer un équilibre mutualiste (alors que celui ci n'est pas si ancien dans de nombreux cas) parce que l'époque contemporaine nous a fait perdre artificiellement toute confiance en nous mêmes, en nos capacités à vivre en bonne intelligence avec les autres.

 

L'EFFET BOULE DE NEIGE SALE

Les deux derniers siècles font résonner en nous leur fracas industriel  disloquant les corps et les âmes. 

Il y a des millénaires, les agriculteurs sédentaires des sociétés protohistoriques avaient payé d'un coup exorbitant leur "victoire" sur les grands prédateurs, par leur asservissement à des structures sociales totalitaires, et la perte de toute forme d'autonomie, c'est - à - dire leur propre DOMESTICATION. LA GUERRE CONTRE LA NATURE LIBRE IMPLIQUAIT LA CHUTE DES HOMMES EN SERVITUDE.

La soumission impérieuse à l'objet technique, au cours des derniers siècles, induisait inévitablement une artificialisation toujours plus rapide des comportements humains. La guerre industrielle fut, de ce point de vue, un puissant agent catalytique de cette évolution. Qu'elle qu'ait été l'ampleur des dommages infligés à la nature jusqu'au 18ème siècle, la densité de ceux ci n'est guère comparable à ce qui s'est produit après 1850.

Il est facile de démontrer que la destruction de la quasi totalité de la grande prairie nord américaine en quelques années et le massacre industriel de sa faune a atteint son niveau de densité hallucinant, notamment lors des années 1872 - 1874, parce qu'il était le fait d'hommes nouveaux, forgés par la Guerre de Sécession 1861 - 1865 qui avait bouleversé leurs comportements et leurs pratiques. Un tel écocide était tout simplement impossible avant la guerre civile américaine.

La destruction des roselières d'Asie centrale et l'éradication des grands carnivores s'y abritant fut d'une intensité comparable à l'exemple précédent. Quelques années auparavant, la Russie, soumise aux pressions de l'Empire Britannique dans cette région (dans le cadre du jeu diplomatico - guerrier international de l'époque, le "Big Game") avait choisi, pour éviter l'encerclement, une formule entièrement nouvelle dans son histoire : la guerre éclair. Ceci a révolutionné les représentations spatio temporelles des russes. Désormais esclaves du temps, ils devinrent les bourreaux du territoire, qu'ils démembrèrent "à marche forcée".

La fin des bisons en région néarctique et celle des tigres en région paléarctique fut immédiatement suivie de déchirures sociales et politiques atroces à l'échelle mondiale.

QUAND NOUS DETRUISONS LA NATURE, NOUS NOUS DETRUISONS.

Nous allons commencer à nous restaurer, nous reconstituer, nous réconcilier.

NOUS ALLONS REPRENDRE DU POIL DE LA BETE.




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30 janvier 2011 7 30 /01 /janvier /2011 20:26

CE QUI SERAIT POSSIBLE SI LES YEUX REVENAIENT EN FACE DES TROUS...

Avec mes remerciements chaleureux à Jennifer Darlymple pour m'avoir transmis l'information.

Thank you so much, wild fairy.

Allez voir le site de Jennifer, illustratrice en intimité spirituelle avec la forêt

http://jenniferdalrymple.weebly.com/

 

Une étude publiée dans Conservation Letters par les scientifiques de plusieurs ONG montre que des corridors naturels reliant les réserves protégées pourraient permettre de tripler la population de tigres en Asie.


  Faire tripler la population de tigres sauvages d'ici 2022 : c'est possible, et c'est encore mieux que la doubler, comme s'étaient engagés à le faire, lors du sommet international de novembre 2010 sur ce sujet, les 13 pays d'Asie où subsiste encore le grand félin. C'est là une évaluation réalisée par divers scientifiques, notamment du WWF, travaillant sur la conservation de cette espèce.

Faire passer l'effectif actuel de 3200 individus à 10.500, dont environ 3.400 femelles reproductrices, serait possible en reliant les 20 principales zones d'habitat protégé actuelles par des corridors naturels, qui permettraient aux populations réduites et morcelées de tigres de circuler et de trouver des partenaires sexuels.

L'étude s'appuie notamment sur des exemples historiques. Décimée lors d'un conflit entre 2002 et 2006, la population de tigres des plaines népalaises a pu se reconstituer grâce à l'arrivée d'individus venus de réserves contiguës situées en Inde. Même chose pour la Russie extrême-orientale, vidée de ses tigres dans les années 1940 et recolonisée par des félins venus de Chine. Au contraire, les populations des réserves de Sariska et de Panna (Inde), anéanties par le braconnage, n'ont pu se rétablir à cause de leur isolement.  

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30 janvier 2011 7 30 /01 /janvier /2011 11:04

LES RELATIONS ENTRE COMMUNAUTES RURALES ET LEOPARDS EMPIRENT DE JOUR EN JOUR

Source : Nirmal Gosh, Indian Jungles.com

Alley cats (Félins dans l'impasse)

By Janaki Lenin

It seems like open season on leopards. Over the last month, leopards accused of attacking people in states as far apart as Haryana, Maharashtra and Orissa, have been killed by hysteric mobs.

On the afternoon of Dec 18, 2010, a leopard is said to have attacked three farmers in a village near Gurgaon, Haryana. Panicky villagers hammered it with iron rods and lathis and finally, one of them shot it dead.

Another midday drama unfolded on Jan 9, 2011 in the town of Karad, Maharashtra. A child is reported to have spotted a leopard sitting atop a house. When a crowd of people gathered, the cat snuck into an empty building. Instead of trapping it inside by barricading the doorway, the mob stoned it. With no secure place to hide, the cat charged out and in the ensuing melee, six people were injured. The police chased it with lathis and fired in the air. A man stepped out of a bar, collided with the fleeing leopard and down they went. A police official rushed forward and shot the leopard dead before the man was seriously injured.

A couple of days later, on Jan 13, 2011 a leopard was spotted in a forest plantation about 5 km from Bhubaneswar, Orissa. But before forest officials could arrive, a mob beat it to death reportedly instigated by a local television reporter who wanted dramatic visuals.

Conservationists have urged the National Board for Wildlife, the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Ministry of Environment and Forests to take action against the people involved. But why do such incidents occur?

In virtually all the cases reported by the press, the leopards were provoked to attack; left alone, they would have quietly skulked away. But how does one prevent an excitable mob from harassing a cornered animal? Imposition of curfew until the animal is safely out of the way is one option. The other is for the Police and Forest Departments to start working in tandem. The former controls the crowd providing the space for the latter to either trap or tranquilize the animal. However, the local Forest Department outpost has to have the skilled personnel and appropriate tools handy for the success of such an operation.

Why do such situations arise in the first place? It is often surmised that leopards are "straying" into villages and towns because infrastructure projects such as dams and mines are depriving them of home and prey. To prevent more such tragic episodes from occurring, some activists have called for the restoration of connectivity between forest fragments and a stop to all further forest loss. While these are inherently sound conservation goals, the question is: can they prevent the collision between people and leopards?

In order to manage conflict, you need to know what is causing it. Fortunately, we've learned a few lessons from studies conducted by the leopard researcher, Vidya Athreya in the agricultural fields of Junnar and Akole districts in Maharashtra.

Contrary to widespread belief, here, where there is virtually no forest at all, it is not the absence of prey inside forests but the abundance of feral animals in the countryside that encourages leopards (and other carnivores such as wolves and hyenas) to live with humans. It is futile to manage leopards in this kind of landscape without first cleaning up the garbage, controlling the numbers of stray dogs and feral pigs and securing livestock in paddocks for the night (which the Akole people do and there is no conflict). Elsewhere, when villagers report that leopards are prowling through their fields, the Forest Department hauls the animals away to a forest. Randomly picking up big cats from villages and dropping them in forests actually causes a very real threat to human life.

In Junnar, in the early 2000s, when leopards that had not hurt anyone were preemptively captured and relocated, they began attacking people. We do not yet fully understand why a seemingly benign action should have such a dramatic consequence. Despite evidence, relocating leopards still remains the management tool of choice.

Forests are finite repositories of big cats. As juvenile leopards reach adulthood, these highly territorial animals need to find new land to claim as their own. It is only natural that they explore adjoining agricultural areas where there is food and shelter. If left unmolested, they may settle down to live with humans without causing a problem.

The irrigation projects of the mid 1980s changed cropping patterns in this part of Maharashtra; tall, dense sugarcane stands began to dominate the landscape. This is also the time when the locals say that leopards began to live amongst them. Yet, over the last twenty years, the people suffered little anxiety. Astonishingly, leopards are even hunting in Akole town because of the concentration of stray dogs and feral pigs. Studying situations such as this, we've learnt that leopards are quite at home in the absence of forest and wild prey. Further insights into the lives and needs of these cats that live with humans will enable better management of leopard-man conflict in the future.

A version of this article first appeared on www.dnaindia.com

 

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  • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
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