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8 août 2017 2 08 /08 /août /2017 08:32

Une donation présidentielle de 5 millions de roubles a été accordée au Centre de Réhabilitation et de Reintroduction du Tigre de l'Amour, situé dans le village d'Alekseievka (Province maritime du Primorje, Russie du Sud - Est). Amur Tiger Programme, hier.


The Centre for the Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals has received almost five million roubles following a presidential grant competition, the first held in 2017. This is the largest grant won by a non-profit organisation in the Primorye Territory.


The funds will go towards the maintenance of equipment, purchasing of fuel,  paying salaries, and also getting expendable supplies, plus veterinary medicine, etc. Part of the grant will also be used to provide tiger food for those residing at the centre as well as to monitor those released back into the wild,” said the centre’s executive director, Viktor Kuzmenko.


The Centre for the Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals in the village of Alekseyevka was built in 2011 by the employees of the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution at the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Tiger Special Inspectorate. Since 2012, eight Amur tigers have been in rehabilitation and later released back into the wild. The latest were Vladik and Filippa, who are being monitored through GPS collars and camera traps. 

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4 août 2017 5 04 /08 /août /2017 07:23

Il y a désormais environ 650 lions d'Asie dans la forêt de Gir et ses environs (Sud Ouest du Gujarat), parmi lesquels 180 jeunes de 1 à 2 ans, selon le département des forêts de cet Etat. Les lions de Gir étaient 13 en 1905, puis environ 150 au début des années 70 du siècle dernier. Leur nombre avait encore plus que doublé au début de ce siècle, et une décennie plus tard, ils étaient officiellement un peu plus de 400.  Ils étaient 523 selon le recensement de 2015.  Un spécialiste de ces animaux, Yadvendradev Jhala, considère pour sa part qu'il convient d'effectuer un recensement systématique sur l'ensemble de la région, car selon lui, les lions sont en réalité beaucoup plus nombreux que ce que vient d'indiquer le département des forêts. Voir "The indian Times", ce jour. Himanshu Kaushik, TNN. "Lion population roars to 650 in Gujarat forests."


Les lions de Gir sont, avec les lions - buffles (ou lions de rivière) d'Afrique orientale, les descendants en ligne direct des lions originels (voir "Les pères de nos pères" mis en ligne sur ce blog le 3 octobre 2015). Ils sont génétiquement très proches du lion géant des montagnes de l'Atlas, présumé éteint depuis les années 60 du siècle dernier.

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3 août 2017 4 03 /08 /août /2017 15:32

Le parc national chinois de 1,5 millions d'hectares, en construction dans le Nord Est de ce pays, sera finalisé en 2020. Il offrira, aux tigres et léopards qui vivent dans le Sud Est de la Russie, un espace important d'épanouissement potentiel pour leurs populations, au Sud - Ouest de leur actuelle distribution géographique, et remettra au gout du jour la tradition, perdue dans cette région depuis le milieu du siècle dernier, de cohabitation harmonieuse entre communautés humaines et grands carnivores sauvages.  Voir "Amur Tiger Programme", ce jour.


Vladivostok hosted meetings on the construction of the new National Park of Tiger and Leopard (NPTL) in the People’s Republic of China. The events involved experts from China’s State Forestry Administration, the Forestry Bureau of the Heilongjiang Province, the Forestry Department of the Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces, Khanka Lake National Nature Reserve, as well as senior Land of the Leopard National Park officials.   


The new 1.5 million hectare National Park of Tiger and Leopard will be located in the Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces bordering on Land of the Leopard National Park in the east. The plans for the national park’s territory were approved in July, and the entire national park is to be completed in 2020.


The new trans-border national park will protect and study the Far Eastern leopard population and the southwestern population of the Amur tiger. It is also necessary to adapt the local residents’ life and activity at the protected nature territory to new conditions. “It is vitally important to maintain harmonious coexistence between humans and nature. Apart from restoring the habitat of rare animals, we will need to incentivise local residents to change their lifestyle and production modes,” Tang Xiaoping, head of the NPTL working group, said.


There are also plans to set up a photo monitoring network and to create a new mechanism for managing the national park. For these purposes, Land of the Leopard experts are cooperating vigorously with the working group engaged in establishing the new park and they are also sharing their experience of managing a protected nature territory. 


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1 août 2017 2 01 /08 /août /2017 15:34

LE RAYON LUMINEUX. Du terne à l'étincelant : changement saisonnier de la fourrure du tigre des neiges, qui se confond avec celle de ses proies*. Alors même qu'il étend considérablement le spectre de ses proies, le félin géant disparaît aux yeux de tous jusque dans les indices qu'il laisse sur les troncs des arbres, ses repères préférés étant investis par les ours mâles en rut. Voir Amur Tiger Programme, ce jour.



Article by Alexander Batalov, biologist and wild game expert, head of the Durmin game farm and executive manager of Amur tiger population monitoring in the Khabarovsk Territory. Zvezda Priamurya magazine, issue 2, 2017.


By the onset of the summer, the tiger sheds its coat completely. The reddish ocher colour of its thick winter fur is replaced by a dark orange shade. At the same time, the coat becomes much shorter and thinner, and the black stripes on the body acquire richer tones. The predator becomes even more elegant and beautiful, at the same time the coat retains a camouflage colour.


Just like before, he is able to hide among the bushes, especially when twilight approaches and during nighttime. Nature has given the tiger an amazing colouration, the overall tone similar to the summer colouring of roe deer and Manchurian wapiti, which obviously helps tigers get closer to their victims without being noticed. Orange-coloured ungulates sometimes even ignore the tiger ambushed in the nearest thickets for quite a while, believing it is one of their own kind, and naturally become easy prey. This is probably the reason why the total number of young Manchurian wapiti and especially the roe deer killed by the tiger during the summer is almost double that of the winter months. In general, these animals make up almost half the tiger’s summer menu.


In the summer, the tiger has a wider range of food: in addition to ungulates, its diet begins to include badgers, raccoon dogs as well as bears. At the same time, the predation threat on ungulates decreases. This is due to the fact that, with the advent of broods, adult female deer and wild boar become secretive and stay within a limited area. Badgers and bears, on the contrary, have an active lifestyle, especially during twilight hours and by night. Noisily moving in the forest in search of food or mating partners, they become easy prey for tigers too. Adult male tigers, depending on how hungry and self-confident they are, can attack almost any animal. Young predators prefer to hunt badgers, raccoon dogs, hares, hazel grouses, ungulates and other small animals. Adult females, including those busy feeding their cubs, take an intermediate position: when choosing victims, they prefer small prey, which is easier to eat on site or move closer to the lair with the cubs that are often born in April or May.


Female tigers with cubs usually arrange their lairs in secluded places in summer – under a canopy of fallen trees or rocky outcrops. It is important to find a place with water nearby, where a family of predators quenches their thirst and cools down during hot days or periods of drought. If the drought drags on, most tigers begin to lay their main routes along springs and rivers. Well-fed adult males often cool in boars’ bathing pits or puddles while prowling their usual paths in the absence of suitable bodies of water. This is why they often look muddy on images taken by camera traps.


Like all forest animals, during the summer months tigers suffer from blood-sucking insects. To get rid of ticks, tigers scratch themselves with their paws or rub themselves against tree trunks, shake off midges and mosquitoes with sharp movements of the head and body, and knock down horse flies with a swift swing of their tails. When horse flies press them too hard – they are most active on forest edges in the daytime heat – tigers hide in the darkened thicket and stay there until dusk. During twilight hours and at night, the predators move around and hunt different animals, if there is a chance. In rainy and wet weather, tigers can be equally active at any time of the day.


The tigers’ marking activity decreases in the summer, and their "mailboxes" such as notable trees and rocks often become objects of marking of large brown bear males. It is also the time of bear weddings: adult male bears, being in an aggressive mood, claim ownership of the area they occupy.


Tigers try not to have any conflicts with such bears, and prefer to simply avoid them. They compromise, obviously knowing from experience that after a while the bears will calm down and scatter themselves around the area, and then they will again be able to walk along their routes without worrying, updating the visual and fragrant marks on their marking objects so as to be able to communicate with their kind.


*Des auteurs de la première moitié du siècle dernier, comme Nicolas Baïkov (Man'chzhurskii tigr 1925) et Lev Kaplanov ("Tigr, izyubr, los" - le tigre, le wapiti, l'élan - publié en 1948, 5 ans après sa mort), vont jusqu'à considérer que le tigre imite parfois le brame du wapiti pour attirer sa proie.

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1 août 2017 2 01 /08 /août /2017 06:29

La VIIème conférence des experts du trafic des animaux sauvages s'est déroulée du 25 au 27 juillet à l'Institut d'Extrême orient, à Vladivostok. Elle a fait le point et mis en prospective la "course aux armements de l'épée et du bouclier". Sergeï Aramilev, Directeur du Centre pour la réhabilitation et la réintroduction du Tigre de l'Amour, a précisé les évolutions des techniques de contrôle pour déceler, par exemple, de la poudre d'os disséminée dans une voiture, ou des fragments mélangés à de petites quantités (30g) de viande hachée... Des experts coréens, kazakhs, canadiens, italiens et allemands sont également intervenus, dans l'optique du renforcement d'une véritable Interpol dans ce domaine particulièrement lucratif pour les trafiquants. Amur Tiger Centre, ce jour. 



Tenant compte des différents paramètres écologiques et humains, Sergeï Aramilev envisage pour 2020 une population de tigres dans l'extrême orient russe située entre 650 et 700 individus...


... qui constituent les racines de ginseng de notre Avenir.

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31 juillet 2017 1 31 /07 /juillet /2017 09:32

La Thaïlande cherche à préserver et dynamiser sa population de tigres d'Asie du Sud - Est (Panthera tigris corbetti) mais aussi ses tigres du Bengale présents dans le Nord Est du pays, zone frontalière du Laos. Le plan consiste à permettre une augmentation de moitié en 10 ans (d'ici 2027). Voir le détail dans le Bangkok Post, hier. More bengal tigers set to make northeast home.


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31 juillet 2017 1 31 /07 /juillet /2017 09:05

Vietnam (à la frontière cambodgienne), été 1969. Des soldats américains et un tigre vert pâle. Illusion d'optique collective? Voir le dossier sur Shuker Nature "Green grow the tigers, O -at least in Vietnam?"


I saw a green tiger. I wasn't alone.
We were out towards the Cambodian border in summer of 1969, an American light infantry company of about 100 or so guys. We were operating in flatlands, thick jungle, along a river. (Saigon River? Not sure.) Bright, sunny day.
We were proceeding single file when point platoon came to a stop, there was some yelling (we were stealthy - yelling is bad) from the point, then point platoon radioed for the Command Post (CP - the company commander and his people) to come up to point.
When we got there, we found the point team glaring at each other - some kind of tussle. Point and drag were standing in the machine gunner's line of fire glaring at him. The machine gunner had wanted to shoot. Point and drag stopped him. He didn't like that.
The object of discussion was across a jungle opening maybe 15 meters away, just peeking at us over the elephant grass. It was a big tiger - biggest I've ever seen, Frank Frazetta-style big, but without the lady.
Here's the insane part. The tiger was white where a tiger is white and black where a tiger is black, but all the orange parts were a pale green. We all saw it, maybe twenty grunts and me. The machine gunner was arguing that we have to shoot it, because otherwise no one would believe it. He had a point.
But the rest of us were just awestruck. I mean, it might as well have been an archangel, wings halo and all. I felt an impulse to kneel. I don't think I was alone.
The tiger stood there checking us out for maybe 15 minutes, not worried, not angry, just a curious cat. Then he turned and disappeared.
Don't believe me? That's okay. I don't believe it myself. I mean WTF was that? Hallucinogenic elephant grass? Some trick of the light? The tiger walked through some kind of green pollen just before we saw it? No freakin' idea.
There it is, OP. I don't believe it, and I saw it. Or hallucinated it. Me and all my blues. Make of it what you will. I'm done.
In fact, this person did make a few additional, minor comments in reply to various responses from other Reddit readers, of which the following one is well worth recording here:
I apologize for not making clear that the tiger was scaring the shit out of all us. He did NOT look sick or malnourished. He looked like he could be right in the middle of all of us in no time flat. He thought so, too. Didn't seem the least bit scared of us.
And I guess he wasn't hungry.
Karl Shuker comment :  Not surprisingly, faced with an account from someone claiming to have encountered a green tiger, my initial reaction was to assume that it was just a spoof, a joke, not to be taken seriously. But then I decided to investigate the credentials of the person who had posted it, especially as their account did sound as if it had been written by someone familiar with military action in Vietnam, and I was very intrigued to discover that they had written a number of other, much more mainstream and very detailed accounts on Reddit concerning their alleged time and military service there during the Vietnam War that all seemed entirely authentic , and had been well-received by Vietnam veterans who would surely spot and soon expose any imposter. Consequently, it seems both reasonable and parsimonious to assume that this person's Vietnam-related testimony is indeed genuine.
Par ailleurs, dans un ouvrage sur la Turquie publié en 2002,Tim Cahill raconte le parcours d'un journaliste à la recherche du Tigre "de la Caspienne" (Panthera tigris virgata) dans les régions orientales du pays. L'auteur y évoque notamment la fourrure olivâtre ("khaki fur") de certains de ceux - ci... Tim Cahill. 2002. Hold the enlightenment, 11 - 27 : "The search of rhe caspian tiger". Villard Books, Random House.


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29 juillet 2017 6 29 /07 /juillet /2017 06:46

Aujourd'hui 29 juillet, est célébré dans le monde "The International Tiger Day". A cette occasion, le zoo de Moscou sacrifie largement au rituel. Voir le détail dans "Amur Tiger Centre".





Depuis un an. 


  • Since the last Global Tiger Day in 2016, researchers have discovered tiger populations in unexpected areas, such as forested corridors along riverbanks and in areas that recently served as theaters of war.
  • Several countries have worked to protect the tigers that live within their borders, including the creation of a massive national park and taking steps to end tiger farming.

1. China contemplates, then approves, a massive national park that’s home to tigers and leopards.

2. Laos pledges to shutter its commercial tiger farms.

3. Scientists find evidence that tigers and other animals are using forest corridors in Sumatra.


4. Scientists find a wildlife treasure trove in Myanmar (Karen State).

5. A camera trap survey reveals a second breeding population of Indochinese tigers in Thailand.

Voir sur le site "Mongabay".


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29 juillet 2017 6 29 /07 /juillet /2017 06:16

La Nouvelle Zelande et la Nouvelle Calédonie constituent les parties émergées (soit 6%) de la Zélandie,, continent englouti il y a 75 millions d'années. Des scientifiques s'engagent dans l'exploration de ce "continent perdu". Voir le détail dans "The Sun", hier.


PAQUEBOTS IMMERGES. Par sa position centrale dans le Pacifique, a t-il été, à "l'époque historique", une pouponnière et un diffuseur des cachalots de cet océan, comme le fut l'Antarctique pour les baleines bleues?

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27 juillet 2017 4 27 /07 /juillet /2017 06:10

Dans les contreforts de l'Himalaya indien, des modifications dans les méthodes de protection de la grande faune sauvage ces dernières années ont dynamisé les populations de grands félins. En Uttarakhand, le recensement de l'automne 2014 avait mis en lumière un cumul de 179 tigres pour les réserves de Corbett et Rajaji, entraînant une refonte des pratiques de mise en protection et de dynamisation des populations tigréennes de ce secteur. Le recensement de cet hiver (28 novembre 2016 - 19 mars 2017) et dont les résultats sont connus aujourd'hui, met en lumière une croissance démographique au sein de chacune des deux réserves (208 contre 163 précédemment pour Corbett, 34 contre 16 précédemment pour Rajaji). Ceci représente une croissance de plus de 35%.  Il s'agit là d'estimations minimales, choix délibéré des concepteurs du système de comptage. Il est donc très probable que plus de 250 tigres vivent dans ces deux réserves. L'Uttarakhand abritait officiellement 340 tigres sauvages à l'automne 2014. Le recensement effectué n'avait toutefois pas concerné de vastes secteurs, situés aussi bien à l'ouest qu'à l'est de cet Etat. Il est donc vraisemblable que sa population tigréenne actuelle se situe aux environs de 450 individus, dans les seuls espaces couverts par le recensement de la fin de l'année 2014. Voir le détail dans "The Times of India", ce jour. Seema Sharma, TNN. 


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  • : Le retour du tigre en Europe: le blog d'Alain Sennepin
  • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
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