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9 janvier 2016 6 09 /01 /janvier /2016 08:32


1. Le tigre de l'Amour poursuit sa progression en Chine du Nord - Est . Times of India, il y a 3 jours. IANS. "New evidence of wild Siberian tigers found in China."

BEIJING: Footprints and dead prey from wild Siberian tigers were found at a tree farm in China's Jilin province, suggesting the expansion of the tiger's population and range of activities in China, authorities said on Tuesday.

According to officials with the Baishishan Forestry Bureau, which administers the farm, it was the first time traces of wild Siberian tigers were found within its administration, Xinhua reported.

A ranger patrolling the farm on December 11 found several footprints and traces of a big animal lying in the snow.

The forestry bureau launched a thorough search with more than 1,000 people from December 14 to 19 and found the remains of two wild boars.

The larger boar was missing its internal organs, while the smaller boar, lying more than 10 metres away, was half-eaten.

Wu Zhigang, a research fellow with the Jilin provincial institute of forestry sciences, noted that the population of wild Siberian tigers is on the rise and their range of activities is expanding. The latest survey found 27 Siberian tigers in Jilin.

There is an ecological corridor from the China-Russia border to the Huangnihe nature reserve near the area administered by the Baishishan Forestry Bureau en route to the Tianqiaoling area, he said.

Infrared cameras showed footprints and pictures of the tigers in the Tianqiaoling area last December, where the tigers became extinct in the mid-1980s.

Jilin has banned commercial logging in key state-owned tree farms on April 1 last year, which has improved the living environment for the Siberian tigers.

2. Dynamique d'expansion confirmée en Inde du Sud - Ouest. The Hindu, il y a 3 jours. Mohit M. Rao. "Tigers roar grows louder in Karnataka".

At one point of time, it was the bullet shots of brigand Veerappan that rang through the forest ranges of M.M. Hills and Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuaries. Now, it could finally be the time of the roar of tigers.

At least 15 tigers are believed to inhabit the vast scathes of the 2,000-sq km area of the sanctuaries in Chamarajanagar, according to a study by Nature Conservation Foundation.

Claiming it to be the first time the population of the endangered species has been enumerated in the region, Sanjay Gubbi, conservation biologist who led the camera trapping exercise, says the time is ripe to declare the areas as tiger reserves.

According to the study, 10 to 12 tigers, along with nine cubs below the age of two, were spotted in M.M. Hills, while Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuaries had two male tigers. “What is encouraging is that sub-adult population, cubs below the age of two, were found in M.M. Hills park. This means that there is breeding and a healthy population in the area…These big cat numbers are larger than that in most declared tiger reserves,” Mr. Gubbi said.

The large presence of prey species seen in the camera trap also gives further credence to the viable tiger habitats of the parks. Sambars, wild pig and gaur were found in M.M. Hills; while, chital, four-horned antelope and wild pig dotted the Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuaries, making the landscape suitable for the large cats.

For the tiger, the protected area spread out as verdant, virgin forests. The territory of a large male cat, for instance, was found to be more than 359 sq km, or nearly half the size of Bengaluru.

Apart from the tiger, the study captured 27 species of mammals, while around 15 tuskers were spotted, which was a good sign after Veerappan’s gang had poached many elephants in the area.

Small corridor

M.M. Hills, which borders BRT Tiger Reserve, can serve as a vital sink to absorb the populations of endangered creatures in the park, the study says. However, the migration between the two protected areas was through a narrow 1-km Doddasampige-Yediyaralli forest patch. It was critical for this patch to be protected and expanded, Mr. Gubbi said.

State treading cautiously on tiger reserve proposal

Though the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) had given an in-principal approval for the declaration of the two sanctuaries as a tiger reserve a year ago, the State government has yet to sign it or give its assent. Senior officials in the Department of Forest, Ecology and Environment said the proposal had been kept on hold with the Cabinet believing it “could become a political issue”. Chamarajanagar district in-charge Minister H.S. Mahadeva Prasad said the opinions of locals would be taken before extending complete support for the proposal.

Spotting honey badgers and poachers

The multitude of cameras that dot the Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary not only offered a glimpse of the elusive honey badger, for the first time in Karnataka, but also netted nearly 20 poachers, including Sarvanana, a notorious elephant poacher, said Sanjay Gubbi, who spearheaded the study.

At the end of 2014, when the camera trap exercise was under way, a pair of honey badgers (Mellivora capensis), with their distinctive black and white stripes, were spotted scouring around. Eventually, 41 such records were obtained all across the Cauvery and M.M. Hills wildlife sanctuaries.

The International Union on Conservation of Nature believes that there is a noticeable decline in their population due to poaching and habitat loss. The nocturnal creatures feed on bees as well as small amphibians and rodents.

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