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2 février 2012 4 02 /02 /février /2012 19:11

AUJOURD'HUI EST CELEBREE LA JOURNEE DES ZONES HUMIDES LIEES AUX TIGRES EURASIENS.

CLASSEMENT D'UN ESPACE DE PRES DE 10 000KM2 SUR LA RIVIERE ILI, AU KAZAKHSTAN, ZONE D'ACCUEIL D'UNE POPULATION DE GRANDS FELINS DANS LES PROCHAINES ANNEES.

DEUX ESPACES HUMIDES SUPPLEMENTAIRES CLASSES EN RESERVE NATURELLE SUR L'AMOUR.

Source : WWF Russia, ce jour.

 

1. In anticipation of the holiday delta of the Ili River and the southern part of Lake Balkhash in Kazakhstan declared wetland of international importance.

The total area of ​​new land is 976.630 hectares - is a vast area, which is approximately equal to half of Slovenia.   Wetland located in southern Kazakhstan, between the desert Sary Ishik-reflection and Taukum.   Now this area is included in the list of Wetlands of International Importance of the Ramsar Convention, which was signed February 2, 1971.

Or Delta - the largest natural inland delta in Central Asia.   It connects the river to Lake Balkhash, and is home to a rich desert flora (427 species) and fauna (345 species), as well as habitat for rare species.  These include, for example, gazelle (ghazal form), ligation (family Mustelidae), white-headed duck and red-breasted goose (family Anatidae), tongue (a kind of sturgeon).   Over 70 thousand birds inhabit the area, including more than 1% of world population 8 species of birds, such as the Dalmatian pelican.   On the territory there are important fishery water bodies and its floodplains provide fertile pastures and hayfields.

"This is the area identified as a priority for the development of a tiger rehabilitation program in Kazakhstan, - Olga Pereladova, head of the WWF in Central Asia. - Giving the area Ramsar site status is extremely important as it allows to bring to these ecosystems more international attention and prevent a decline in the flow of water that can be caused by the development plans of the irrigation systems in China's Ili river valley. "

The new wetland of international importance are located in three nature reserves - Balkhash, and Karoyskogo Kukanskogo.  The Government of Kazakhstan plans to significantly improve the conservation status of the territory, is based on three single national park reserves.

 

 

2. Wetlands of the Amur augmented by new territories of international importance 

In the Amur region to preserve rare cranes and storks Far East with the support of WWF are working on giving the status of wetlands of international importance for two more game reserves - Tashinskomu and Amur

February 2 is World Day of wetlands, designed to draw the attention of the public and governments around the world on the value of wetlands to maintain the sustainable development of our planet.

Vast flocks descend ducks, geese, snipe at the lake and tributaries of the great river swamps, resting, waiting for the weather, supported by a multi-day trips during the Arctic tundra in.   And for the 300 species of birds Amur River basin - a place where they were born, grew up and where to return annually to build a nest and bring offspring.

Wetlands are of international importance of the Amur and as breeding sites of rare and beautiful birds of the world - Japan and the Daurian cranes, storks Far East. So here are declared Ramsar sites six areas, including transboundary reserves « Dauria and   "Lake Hanka": Torey lake Baikal, Lake Hanka in Primorye, the Khingan-Arharinskaya lowland and Zeya-Bureya plain in the Amur region, and Bolon Udyl Lakes region in the Khabarovsk Territory.

"These areas are not enough to keep all the splendor of rare birds, which is home to the Amur basin.  And it was here 95% of nests remaining in the world of the Far Eastern storks, 65% Japanese and 50% Daurian cranes. Therefore, analyzing the long-term observations and counts, WWF Steel initiator to give the status of wetlands of international importance has two game reserves in the Amur region -  in the area and Romnenskom  "Amur" - in Constantine.  Both these areas are of great importance for the conservation of rare wading birds - cranes and storks Far East.  This work we do together with the Directorate of specially protected natural territories of the Amur region, "- says SvetlanaTitova, Program Coordinator, PA on the Amur branch of WWF Russia.

In spring and autumn thousands of birds flock to reserve located in the corn fields, resting after a long flight and accumulating strength before the next  "Throw". During the autumn of counts in the reserve account for some years prior to 2500 Cranes - black Daurian, Japan.  2-3 pairs of Japanese and Daurian cranes annually chosen the area as a place for breeding chicks.  Nest in the reserve and one of the largest in southern Zeya-Bureya plain grouping Far Stork - in 2011 there were reported 13 residential aistinyh nests. Birds in the reserve and help people - spend filing of trees suitable for nests, installed support for artificial nests, conduct fire wood.

Tashinsky Reserve, covering an area of ​​190 thousand hectares, is "Home" for 30 pairs of the Far Eastern stork. Nest here, and Japanese White-naped cranes, whooper swan, curlew Far East, mandarin, Sukhonos. Numerous lakes and rivers in the reserve are home to thousands of waterfowl - ducks and geese.


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