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6 février 2012 1 06 /02 /février /2012 19:29

LES TIGRES LES PLUS AU NORD ETOFFENT LEURS EFFECTIFS, EN LIEN AVEC DE MEILLEURES CONDITIONS DE VIE POUR LES HABITANTS (source: Pavel Fomenko, coordonnateur de l'Inspection Tigre pour le District de Khabarovsk, ce jour).

Anyuiskiy national park in the Khabarovsk region has expanded its fleet
To save the most northerly group of the Amur tiger, WWF and the Swedish zoo, "the North's Ark" was awarded the National Park presents "Anyuiskiy" and the Service to protect wildlife and specially protected natural areas

New vehicles GAZ-66, UAZ, cargo  "Mitsubishi L200» and snowmobiles, which are in a festive atmosphere in the presence of the media in early February, stuck Pandu - the symbol of WWF, will help inspectors and staff Anyui National Park Service to protect wildlife and protected areas more effectively patrol the specially protected areas and hunting grounds in the area Nanaiskiy Khabarovsk Krai.  This is where the edge of the area is the Amur tiger, which is aimed at preserving  "Northern Tiger" - a joint project of WWF and the Swedish zoo.

"As shown by monitoring of the territory inhabited by the National Park today, 10.8 Tiger.  Particularly positive is that among them is not the first we register three females.  This year they are all in place: one without cubs, another tigress - two two-year baby, and still have one - three year-old cub.  After all, if females choose breeding place of national park, so they feel comfortable in this territory, and we have taken security measures to bring results, "- said the director of the National Park "Anyuiskiy" Alexander Samarin.

During 2.5 years of service natspaka compiled 557 different protocols for violators of environmental laws, but it is, so to speak, an indirect indicator.  A basic, one that can be seen this year in the forest - is to increase the number of ungulates - the main forage resource for the tiger.

"Most importantly, we were able to establish an effective system of ungulates.  After all, when we have 3 years ago set about the work area was thoroughly destroyed - says A.Samarin. - The staff at the National Park Service Protection must be 60 inspectors working the same 17.  On the other bets simply do not yet have financing. But even the available number of inspectors we have been able, I think, to do a lot.  And in many ways - through the World Wildlife Fund, which not only helps us to build up technical equipment guards, shoes, dress Polevikov, but also made ​​a major gift to the park - has acquired office building, reconstruction of which we are doing now. "

"Anyuiskiy" - the largest of the protected areas created in Russia for the protection of tigers in the past few years. "Horseshoe" area of 429,000 hectares of land it covers the middle of the Sikhote-Alin on the right bank of the Amur.  This is a particularly protected area (PA) plays the role of ecological corridor linking the beasts Anyui river basin with the rest of the area.

"Northern Tiger" is focused on the one hand, the most northern group of Amur tiger, it stabilized and, in the long term, population growth, on the other hand - those people who live next to this formidable predator and which largely depends on its well-being - says program coordinator of WWF Russia Amur branch biodiversity Pavel Fomenko. - The area of our project - a place inhabited by the indigenous peoples of the Amur Region, Udege and Nanai. The fight against poaching and specific actions to increase the number of wild hoofed animals, including non-ethnic food for local communities and also the main food resources tiger, will help avoid conflicts between predators and humans.  The development of the traditional nature, hunting, tourism and new jobs in the National Park will enable local residents to experience the importance of this federal protected areas for themselves and their children. No accident that one of our key partners is the Association of Indigenous Peoples of the north of Khabarovsk Krai. "


This year in the National Park are fishing Anyui 14 local hunters in the past year there were 17.  Anyone who has had hunting areas in this territory before the creation of the park have the opportunity to hunt in the park in the area of ​​traditional land.  In 2011 the park began to take by dividing the firewood for local residents.  172 applications were received last year and was harvested 5.5 thousand cubic meters. This year already 220 families from the surrounding villages have filed an application in a national park for firewood.   This is not the primary activity of the National Park, but the administration of federal protected areas it is also engaged in the framework agreed at the MNR forest development plan to ease social tensions and to help people with firewood in the implementation of sanitary felling. Among the anti-poaching ranger brigades, created by the project "Northern Tiger" operating in the National Park and Aboriginal people: for the best local resident will understand their fellow tribesmen, such as Nanai and Udege. Summer in the village of Trinity, in the building of the national park office, visitor center will open, which means new jobs for working with tourists.  Not far off - arrangement of ethnic villages, which will feature homes, gun production, objects of everyday life of indigenous peoples, and even the demo will be equipped with a hunting Putikov.  All these examples suggest that more people in the area Nanaiskiy somehow already involved and will continue to participate in the activities of the national park, and most importantly, it will be good neighbors.  If you recall the years of survey materials, which is held by students in the district, then 52% of people not only willing to cooperate with the park, but also know in what area of ​​work.

WWF Project  "Northern Tiger" is to ensure environmentally sustainable development Anyui National Park and surrounding areas.  Because of the striped cats inhabit, of course, outside the federal protected areas: in Nanaiskiy area, according to monitoring data, recorded about 15-17 tigers.  Their guards outside the park in partnership with the Service for the protection of wildlife and protected areas and hunting Office of Natural Resources of the Khabarovsk Territory.

"Our primary goal - to combat poaching and the maintenance of the protected areas of regional significance.  On this project since September 2011 in Nanaiskiy area in the Natural Park  "Gur Hoso" has already conducted 12 raids, patrols, revealed 34 cases of violations of environmental laws, including 2 - illegal hunting of elk, 11edinits seized firearms, of which 7 nezaregistrirovanny in the organs of Internal Affairs - told reporters at a press conference at the National Park Director of Services for the protection of wildlife and protected areas, Yuri cap.  - The load on our inspectors lies a large: 74 million hectares of hunting grounds of the Khabarovsk Krai - 32 inspectors, that is, more than 2 million per person!. With the WWF for the protection of tiger habitat, we purchased a car UAZ, snowmobile  "Buran", a boat engine.  But what else is missing, it's all-terrain vehicle.  In the same park "Gur-HOSO," where there are practically no roads, no all-terrain vehicle to patrol the area very difficult. "

Support WWF is not limited to the acquisition of technology, investment in environmental education, counseling.  "North Ark» WWF Russia sent a group of employees and the National Park Service to protect wildlife and protected areas of the Khabarovsk Krai in this northern country to explore the experiences of sustainable environmental management.  First of all - to increase the number of hoofed animals. The harmonious existence of a stable tiger population and the indigenous population in one area - the main objective of the project  "Northern Tiger."

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