Today, on International Day against the dams on the Amur River basin, a wave of demonstrations in defense of the river Shilka, initiated
by WWF and partners
Shilka river - one of the pristine and beautiful parts of the Transbaikal, where the high
productivity of forests, fish productivity. Here, the largest number
of rare and endangered plant species. There are many excellent facilities for the development of tourist
routes. In the Shilka live 45 species of fish, it is the only river with such a large
diversity of species.
The ecosystem of the river Shilka is not only beautiful, unique, but little-studied natural area, which is located only three of
the monument of nature.
In this territory has long been known and identified 138 cultural heritage sites, including three well-known church, 123
archaeological sites, including burial mound.
The project to build the Trans-Siberian (Shilkinskoy) HPS threatens all of these riches.
There is a real threat of extinction of unexplored
biodiversity in the area.
There is a very serious ethical issue - if the term will begin archaeological research, most likely (from the usual practice) will be
sent here, archaeologists from Moscow. Where will the discovered archeological sites? It is unlikely that they will remain in the Transbaikal region, is a common practice - Moscow needs.
Part of the river will be blocked to traffic frontier boats. The border will be left without protection.
There will be a socio-economic conflict. Where and who will go cheap
hydroelectric energy? In pure form, the energy will go nowhere, and the Trans-Baikal remain flooded farmland, forests,
meadows, villages and cemeteries with the graves of loved ones. There is serious concern
about the development of cross-border issues - an evil memory of the export of forest in neighboring China, but now the clean energy and new challenges to local
residents. Inevitably, the next increase in tension in relations with the Chinese.
Trans-Baikal territory, Chita.
Round table organized in Chita socio-ecological
center "Daura". Keynote speakers were
Irina Glazyrina - PhD in Economics, Igor Mikheev - Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Olga Kirilyuk, Ph.D. INREC SB RAS, Oleg Korsun-PhD GGPU Transbaikal. Natalia led a roundtable Kovalyonok, director of
TEV "Daura" Deputy Chairman of the Public Chamber of the Trans-Baikal region.
Roundtable participants reviewed the overall situation of energy supply and the Far East region, opportunities Kharanorskaya power plant
providing energy Transbaikalia. We discussed the upcoming commissioning of the third power and the cost of energy power
plant. For local consumption of electricity power plant Kharanorskaya cheap.
During the construction of the Trans-Siberian hydropower plant, which will provide cheap energy, there will be socio-economic
conflict. Where and who will go cheap hydroelectric energy? In pure form, the energy will go nowhere, and the Trans-Baikal remain flooded farmland, forests, meadows, villages and cemeteries with the graves of loved ones.
The roundtable participants adopted a resolution which decided to go to Public Chamber of the Trans-Baikal region, Transbaikalia to the
Governor and the President's representative in the Siberian Federal District V.A.Tolokonskomu.s proposal does not prevent the construction of hydroelectric power station on the
Amur Region, Blagoveshchensk
In Blagoveshchensk, a press-conference devoted to the construction of hydropower stations on the river Shilka.
Event was organized by environmental NGOs "AmurSoES." In a press conference attended by representatives of the Federation of Trade Unions of the Amur
region, the Youth Parliament of the Amur region, the Association of Industrialists, Entrepreneurs and Employers of the Amur region of other environmental NGOs.
All present expressed opposition to the project. Among the arguments
were heard, as a purely environmental - a violation of the migration routes of aquatic animals, changes in hydrological regime and the regime of sediment runoff, flooding
areas. And economic - obstruction of navigable waterways, unprofitability of new generating capacity with no load and no
existing power lines. It was suggested that the construction of hydroelectric power station on one of the sources of the Amur
is equivalent to blocking the main channel.
Asked about the fact that "EuroSibEnergo"
believes that Shilkinskaya hydroelectric energy is needed to ensure that the Trans-Siberian Railway, said Peter Osipov - the head of the Expert Council of the Public Chamber of the Amur Region,
Deputy Director "AmurSoES", Ph.D.: In our opinion, this problem does not exist. Today, electric power provided by current
flow through the Trans-Siberian Railway traction substation. If you make a new source of energy will have to rebuild the entire
power system. Require replacement of electric lines for substantial parts of Trans. It's too expensive. We have not heard about any statements made by the Railways about the lack of
electricity on the Trans-Siberian railway. In any plans for such applications were not included. Far Eastern and hydroelectric power plant to provide enough energy railroad. "
All present expressed their willingness to sign a letter to the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Plenipotentiary Representative
of RF President in the Far East Federal District, Governor of the Amur region in which to express public opinion on the need to prevent an extremely dangerous from the standpoint of
environmental safety and meaningless from an economic point of view of the project.
On the International Day of Action Against Dams in Khabarovsk in the conference hall of the Institute of Water and Ecological Problems,
Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences held a press conference.
The press conference was attended by:
Director of the Institute of Water and Ecological Problems, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Corresponding Member of
Head of the Amur Basin Water Management Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation A.V.Makarov;
Head of the Department of Environment Ministry of Natural Resources of the Khabarovsk Krai V.V.Bardyuk;
Senior Project Coordinator of the Amur basin program Amur branch of WWF G.V.Illarionov.
The press conference was attended by most of the journalists of news agencies, periodicals, television and radio broadcasting companies
in the city of Khabarovsk.
Boris Voronov, who has devoted audience in the history of planning the construction of hydropower stations in the basin of the Amur
River, laid out the basic requirements of scientific and public organizations to limit the potential of natural resources in the basin of the Amur, in particular - the use of water for a
hydroelectric power station. He drew attention to the fact that although the plans for a hydroelectric power station on the
river Shilka not yet formally identified, but some preparations are already underway in this direction.
Andrey Makarov also said that the official is currently no pending interest from potential water users to plan a hydroelectric power
station on the river Shilka. In this case, any plans and projects on the use of natural (and water) in accordance with
Russian legislation must pass a rather complicated approval procedure, including the introduction of them in future plans for using resources, conducting technical and environmental expertise,
coordination at the level of local government and organs of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation, taking into account the interests of local people through public hearings and (or)
Victor Bardyuk noted that the state authorities and the population of the Khabarovsk Territory should also pay attention to plans to
build hydropower plants on the river Shilka. Because, despite the considerable distance of this region of the Khabarovsk
Territory, Shilka river itself is a vital part of a single natural system of the river Amur. And the Khabarovsk Territory,
as located on the Amur River below all other regions of Russia and China, has already received all of the major environmental problems of its lower reaches, and if plans to build hydroelectric
Shilkinskoy these problems even increase.
Primorsky Krai, Vladivostok
In Vladivostok, a meeting of the Coordinating Council on environmental issues of Primorsky Krai. Therefore, besides the seven non-governmental organizations, the hall was attended by invited experts Primorrybvoda, ABVU, Rosprirodnadzor, the Federal Agency for Water
Resources and the scientists involved in the water. It was chaired by Chairman of the Council Boris Preobrazhensky,
Distinguished Ecologist Russian Federation, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, principal researcher of the Pacific Institute of Geography FEB RAS, and a number of university
professor of Vladivostok.
Svetlana Titova - PA Coordinator for the Amur branch of WWF-initiated spoke about the World Wildlife Fund "Week of Action in defense of the Shilka" and the problems of hydropower in the main flow, which starts with
Cupid. February 18, 2012 at a round table in Krasnoyarsk Valery Rudnev, director of the Krasnoyarsk branch of
ОАО "Siberian ENTC," said that by
the order of "EuroSibEnergo" they are preparing new documentation on the Trans-Siberian (Shilkinskoy)
HPS. Visited the place of the proposed construction of HPP Eugene Simon - co-head of public organization
"Rivers Without Borders" - argues that taken as a basis for an old project HPP. He compared the cross-sections and areas of flooding with the old data and found their identity.
The information provoked a warm response of participants. Dmitry
Vyshkvartsev - Honored Russian ecologist, Ph.D., senior researcher at the Institute of Marine Biology. A. Zhirmunsky FEB RAS noted
that the Russian Far East with two operating GES - Zeya and Bureya - there is a surplus of electricity. As a specialist in
the field of hydrobiology and ecology, he praised all the adverse effects of construction of hydropower stations on the Amur.
"Environmental Bureau" Eco-examination ", the President of the Scientific and social focal point 'Living Water'
and a member of the Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Far East Tatiana Vshivkova invited to write a letter to the presidential envoy V.I.Ishaeva that the construction of hydropower plants
on Shilka cause irreparable damage to the Amur.
Participants agreed that the Council not to destroy Cupid in favor of Russian business and to sell electricity to China.
This is the last free flowing river in Asia, which has no dams on the mainstream. Transsiberian (Shilkinskaya) HPP will pave the way for the construction of a minimum of three hydroelectric power stations on
the mainstream of the Amur, which has long dreamed China.