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8 avril 2013 1 08 /04 /avril /2013 04:26

Des tigres se sont attaqués à deux éléphants (un jeune et un adulte) le mois dernier dans l'Etat du Kerala (source : The Hindu du 4 Avril).

Voir aussi le cas de rhinocéros adultes (sur ce blog le 30 janvier).

Tigers have hunted down two elephants, including a young one, last month in Kerala forests.

The killing of the young elephant at Sairandhri in the Silent Valley National Park has caught the wildlife experts by surprise as tigers are known to target mostly cubs. The nearly seven-year-old tusker was hunted down by the tiger near the trek path that runs through the forest area.

The ill-fated elephant had charged at two forest officials inside the forest on the eve of its death. A few researchers and forest officials had reported hearing loud cries of the animal and roaring of the tiger early hours of March 27. The body of the animal was found on the trek path the next morning, said M. Joshil, Assistant Wildlife Warden of the park.

Signs of battle between the two animals were visible at the site where the carcass was found. Pug marks of the tiger were also spotted at the site. The elephant had suffered big wounds on the hind limbs indicating that it was attacked from behind, he said.

O.P. Kaler, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forest (Biodiversity), felt that it was unusual for a juvenile elephant to be killed by tiger. Though incidents of elephants attacking cubs had been reported, killing of juvenile was uncommon.

The reduced prey base in the evergreen forest might have forced the tiger to hunt the elephant. The animal might have been sick and weak, making it vulnerable to the attack, he said.

The managers of the park also succeeded in photographing the tiger feeding on the remains of the body for nearly one week. It came for feeding after 6.20 p.m. for a week and every time, it dragged the carcass away before feeding on it. The remains were left at the site of the kill for the animal to feed, officials said.

P.S. Easa, member of the Steering Committee of the Project Elephant Task Force, said that tigers were the only predators of calf elephants. Animals that get separated from the herd or inquisitive cubs venturing out from the care of adults can fall prey to tiger attacks.

In another incident, a three-month-old calf was killed at Kappayam in Edamalayar range. The calf might have been isolated by the herd.

There is also the possibility of wild dogs attacking the calf. The carcass was destroyed after post mortem, said B.N. Nagaraj, Divisional Forest Officer, Malayattoor.

Last year, two elephants were killed by tigers in Kurichiyad range of Wayanad.

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6 avril 2013 6 06 /04 /avril /2013 08:38


The number of Sumatran tigers in national parks in Jambi is in decline due to the loss of its habitat, forcing the wild cat to venture into human settlements, as such, conflicts between humans and tigers are inevitable.

Forested areas in Jambi’s national parks have gradually depleted due to forest conversion and illegal logging by irresponsible parties, disrupting the natural environment.

The Jambi Forestry Agency’s Forested Area Planning section head Endang Kurniadi said national parks were the best habitat for rare and protected wildlife species, such as honey bears, jungle cats, elephants and tigers.

It is estimated that there are 254 tigers in the province.

The Jambi Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) recorded 24 cases of human-tiger conflict since 2008. Besides attacking residents, the tigers often maul livestock.

Jambi BKSDA’s forest ecosystem controller, Ida Herwati, said despite being at the top of the food chain and ferocious, the beasts never disturb humans intentionally.

“They attack if they are disturbed first,” said Ida.

Separately, Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS) region II head Dian Risdianto said only 165 tigers remained in the national park. The dwindling population is attributed to rampant poaching.

In 2012, six tigers were found dead; two in Kerinci regency and four in TNKS’s area in neighboring Bengkulu province. Also in 2012, four tigers were caught by traps — two died and another two were rescued. The TNKS discovered 38 tiger traps, 36 of which were found outside the park.

Ema Fatma, from the Tumbuh Alami conservation group, said the Sumatran tiger population during 2001-2004 stood at 195 individuals. She explained that the decline could be attributed to poaching and the presence of wild boar and deer traps.

The Indonesian Conservation Community (KKI) Warsi spokesman Rudy Syaf stressed that tigers were integral to the food chain; without tigers, wild boars would multiply very fast and would be difficult to curb. Wild boars are part of tigers’ main diet in Jambi.

In Jambi, 776,652 hectares (ha) of protected forest had been converted into Industrial Forests (HTI) as of 2011. Another 574,514 ha was converted into oil palm plantations.

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5 avril 2013 5 05 /04 /avril /2013 04:50



China will set up two more national reserves for Siberian tigers in Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces to protect the endangered species, said an official from the Feline Research Center of the State Forestry Administration on Thursday.

The two reserves will be in Wangqing in Jilin, and Laoyeling in Heilongjiang, said Jiang Guangshun, deputy head of the center.



Two more reserves for Siberian tigers

Several tigers walk in a breeding centre in Harbin, Heilongjiang province on March 22, 2013. [Photo/Xinhua]

China established its first national reserve for Siberian tigers in 2001 in Hunchun, Jilin province, which borders Russia and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Jiang Jinsong, an official from Jilin provincial forestry department, said the province's efforts to protect the big cats had paid off. The number of Siberian tigers living in northeastern China has risen to around 20, from just five in the 1990s.

Both of the officials were attending an annual meeting on the protection of wild Siberian tigers being held in the Russian city of Vladivostok.

Yuri Darman, director of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Amur Branch, praised China for its contribution to the protection of Siberian tigers. "We hope to deepen our cooperation in this field," he said.

However, experts said the work to protect the big cats remains difficult due to a shortage of capital, technology and professionals at the grassroots level.

Jiang Guangshun said he hoped that the central government would establish an office at the national level to supervise protection work across the country.

Moreover, he said that Heilongjiang will sign an agreement with Russia's Primorsky Krai on wild Amur leopard protection this year. "Our cooperation will expand from protection of Siberian tigers to Amur leopards," he said.

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3 avril 2013 3 03 /04 /avril /2013 06:48

En plus des peines prévues par le nouveau code sur le braconnage du mois dernier, le ministère des ressources naturelles a décrêté des hausses très importantes des pénalités financières pour le braconnage de 14 espèces rares, dont les grands félins. Source : site du Président de Russie, il y a deux jours.


Voir aussi l'article du WWF Russie du même jour.


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1 avril 2013 1 01 /04 /avril /2013 07:10


Sur l'ensemble des marais (zones indienne et bengladeshie du delta), les populations de grands félins, estimées à 700 en 2004, pourraient bien n'être que 300 aujourd'hui, et certains animaux ont un train arrière dysfonctionnel, pour des raisons inconnues à ce jour - voir page publiée le 27 mars sur ce blog : "Gloomy swamps"-.

The forest department has decided to radio-collar ten tigers in the Sunderbans where population dynamics of the big cats has always remained a mystery. And this time, an advanced set of radio collars, which helped scientists track tigers in Nepal and lions in Gir, will be used in the mangroves.

A team of Wildlife Institute of India (WII) officials, led by senior scientist Y V Jhala, is likely to visit the mangroves in April for the first leg of the exercise. However, a forest department official said the number of tigers to be collared during their first visit will only be decided after consulting the WII scientists. "The dates for their visit is yet to be finalized," said the official.

It may be noted that a total of five tigers, two adult females and three adult males, were radio-collared by the WII scientists in the Sunderbans in 2010. Satellite collars were used for this purpose. Sources said radio-collaring helps experts gauge the home range of tigers , which in the long run comes handy in establishing the density of the big cats in a forest. The study had then revealed that the tigers' home ranges hovered between 190 to 200 square kilometres.

Though large home range indicates lesser density, as a tiger's home range depends on prey base and territory of other tigers, in Sunderbans the exercise didn't yield the desired result then as several collars stopped working within a few days of its deployment.

WII's Y V Jhala said that some data on the tigers' home range and territory could not be established then. "But this time, we have made some changes in the circuitry of the satellite collars to make these robust ones. We have used these collars on lions at Gir and they have even functioned at a stretch for a year. So, this time we expect to get a more reliable data," he said, adding that they are hoping to collar all the ten tigers in a year's time.

However, the exercise then managed to establish the fact that there is tiger movement between the Indian and Bangladesh Sunderbans. "The Khatuajhuri male, which was a stray animal, had crossed the Harinbhanga river to enter the Talpati island of Bangladesh Sunderbans," revealed a WII scientist.

Tracking of the radio-collared tigers had also revealed that there was a general trend of higher movement rate by the mangroves tigers during the day time. However, soon after this study the WII scientists decided to radio collar a minimum of 10 tigers, of which 4-6 in a contagious area of 300-400 square kilometres, to understand home range overlap and territoriality. "The exercise to be conducted now will help the scientists understand whether and how Sunderbans tigers protect their territory," said an official.

Meanwhile, the camera trapping exercise, being done jointly by the forest department and WWF-India, is complete in two ranges of the mangrove's — Sajnekhali and National Park East. "The exercise is on at the Basirhat range. We will start withdrawing the cameras laid at Basirhat from April 11 and hope to give a density for the entire tiger reserve area by the end of April," said WWF-India's Sunderbans chapter head Anurag Danda. After identification, the photographs will be sent to the National Tiger Conservation Authority, so that the Sunderbans tigers can be counted in the UID-type databank.

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30 mars 2013 6 30 /03 /mars /2013 09:36

L'INDE SE PREPARE A RENFORCER LES POUVOIRS DU Central Bureau of Investigation DANS LA LUTTE CONTRE LE BRACONNAGE DES TIGRES (Source: Times of India du 27 mars) et va donc dans le sens de la Russie (voir "Département spécial" sur ce blog le 26 mars).

NAGPUR: The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), which has a strong wildlife squad as part of the economic offences wing, may now play a pivotal role in countering poaching cases related to tiger. As part of futuristic policy, CBI may start the initiative with a two-day seminar on saving tiger at Nagpur which is considered as a 'gateway to the tiger capital' following TOI's special effort. Rishi Raj Singh, joint director of CBI's newly formed Bhopal region, told a media conference at CGO...

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29 mars 2013 5 29 /03 /mars /2013 05:21

Devant les risques de conflit dans la nouvelle réserve à tigres de Sathyamangalam en Inde du Sud ouest (voir "The Hindu" de ce jour), le Professeur Raman Sukumar montre le caractère contre productif de l'arbitraire politico - administratif et promeut le partenariat.

Unauthorised temples, new resorts and makeshift shops inside the core area are major threats the newly formed Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve is facing.

The State government announced the formation of the fourth tiger reserve in the State through a notification, issued on March 15 this year.

Members of the Tamil Nadu Green Movement pointed out that several unauthorised places of worship were found inside the tiger reserve. There are three main temples – Karuvannayan temple near Nandhipuram, Bannariamman temple Bannari and Madeswara temple in Kongalli. The three temples are under the control of Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowment Board. Apart from them, several unauthorised temples are found inside the core area, say the members.

People visiting these temples camp there, even cook, and travel in large numbers into the core areas in trucks. Their movement creates a lot of disturbance to the wildlife. The State government must immediately relocate the unauthorised temples from the core areas, the members pointed out.

Another important issue is the springing up of new resorts in the core areas. S. Jayachandran of the Tamil Nadu Green Movement said Kongalli, Mavallam, Araiya Palayam and Hasanur are the places where the resorts are coming up. There were more than 200 resorts inside the STR.

Man-animal conflict

In the long run, it will lead to man-animal conflict, he said. The department officials have to immediately promulgate the ecologically sensitive zone to stop any more resorts in the core areas, he said.

Environmentalists also pointed out that during festival season, people set up shops, stay in the forests and defecate in the core tiger reserve area. Temporary shops have come up right on the elephant corridors located between Susilkuttail and Bannari. The Forest department authorities have to intervene and take action under the Forest Conservation Act of 1980, the activists said.

‘Make them partners’

Raman Sukumar, Professor and Chairman, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Sciences, who began his research on elephants in the early 1980s, said the tiger population had increased substantially in the Sathyamangalam area. A good number of settlements over a century old were in Hasanur, Talamalai, Geddasal, Chikkahalli, Neydalapuram and Kadambur, to name a few. People in these settlements co-existed with the tigers over time. These people should be made partners in the management of the tiger reserve.

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27 mars 2013 3 27 /03 /mars /2013 05:10


A wild Siberian tiger from Russia has finished his brief vacation in Northeastern China and returned home, according to local forestry authorities.

The tiger first crossed the Wusuli River, or Ussuri River which borders China and Russia on March 8, according to Russian authorities who sought help from China to find the animal after losing contact with its GPS collar.

The Dongfanghong Forestry Bureau in Heilongjiang province organized a 50-member search team and was able to track the tiger while issuing warnings to adjacent villages.

After more than ten days of tracking the big cat, the bureau said on Tuesday that the tiger had returned to Russia.

"We followed it to the side of the (Wusuli) river where its paw prints were pretty clear," said Yang Lijuan, an official with the bureau. "So we sort of saw it off to Russia," She added.

It is rare for wild Siberian tigers, one of the world's top 10 endangered species and are primarily inhabiting the Sikhote Alin mountain region in Russia, to cross the country's border, especially in recent years, said experts.

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27 mars 2013 3 27 /03 /mars /2013 04:59


Pendant ce temps, en Inde du Sud, une nouvelle réserve à tigres devrait ouvrir prochainement près du Parc Corbett (Hindustan Times : hier).

Bangladesh is to launch a census of tigers next month living in the world's largest mangrove forest in a bid to determine the full extent of the threat to their survival, scientists said on Tuesday.

An Indian Royal Bengal tiger pictured at the Nehru Zoological Park in Hyderabad, southern India, on June 5, 2010.


Bangladesh is to launch a census of tigers next month living in the world's largest mangrove forest in a bid to determine the full extent of the threat to their survival, scientists said on Tuesday.

Yunus Ali, head of the forestry department, said conservationists would fan out across the Bangladeshi side of the Sundarbans to install cameras on trees to obtain a more accurate estimate of tiger numbers since the last census in 2004.

That survey estimated that 440 Royal Bengal Tigers were on the Bangladeshi side. The forest, which includes parts of India's West Bengal state, spans a total of 10,000 square kilometres (3,860 square miles).

But some experts have criticised the methodology used last time around, which relied on the tracking of footprints and, together with a real decline blamed on poachers, believe the current figure could be less than half that amount.

The Bangladeshi scientists will be assisted by wildlife experts from the US-based Smithsonian Conservation and Biology Institute, Ali told AFP Tuesday.

Scientists hope the cameras will help them compile a more accurate figure over the next two years.

"The pugmark (tracking) system created controversies. It's not reliable," Ali said, adding that the new survey should "end all the debate".

Monirul Khan, a zoology professor at Bangladesh's Jahangirnagar University and the nation's foremost tiger expert, expected the survey to confirm his fears that there were no more than 200 tigers on the Bangladeshi side.

"Camera trapping is a far better and more widely accepted technique. If it is done scientifically, it can give an accurate result," he said.

Khan said that around five tigers were killed every year either by villagers trying to protect themselves or by poachers who then sell on their skins or even body parts which are prized in Asia as an aphrodisiac.

There are around 1,850 Bengal tigers living in the wild, according to the WWF conservation group, including around 1,300 tigers in India.

A census on the Indian side of the Sundarbans, conducted between 2003-04 put the numbers at around 270, although some experts say the real figure is actually less than 100.

A similar survey is currently under way in the Tarai Arc Landscape, a forest region which straddles Nepal and India.


There may soon be another option to spot tigers in the hills of Uttarkhand - Rajaji National Park - in addition to extremely popular big cat destination, the Corbett National Park.

The Uttarakhand Forest Department has decided to ask the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to declare Rajaji National Park as a tiger reserve.

The Dehradun based Wildlife Institute of India has caught around 30 tigers on camera in Rajaji in the last few years making the state forest department believe that the landscape could become a substitute tiger home if right protection measures are enforced. 

Rajaji has got most of its tigers from nearby Corbett, who move out to nearby forest areas because of high density of big cats. Unlike other big animals, tiger are solitary in nature and carve out their own territory by pushing out physically weaker tigers. As a result many tigers move out to adjoining forest areas such as Rajaji which may not have protection of the Corbett standard.   

That problem can be sorted out if Rajaji is declared as a tiger reserve.

The NTCA provides special funding to tiger reserves to combat poaching and provide inviolate (disturbance free) core tiger area to foster breeding tiger population. The authority gives Rs. 10 lakh for relocation of every family living inside a tiger reserve.

State government officials said that around 500 families are living inside Rajaji, which are a constant threat to tigers there. About a month ago a tiger in Rajaji national park was allegedly poisoned by local villagers fearing that it would attack their cattle. "A few years back many tigers in Rajaji were poached," a senior state forest department official said.

Forest officials said a proposal to seek tiger reserve status for Rajaji would soon be submitted to NTCA.

Once Rajaji get the coveted tag it would be a delight for wildlife enthusiasts from the Capital region. They would have an option to spot tigers just seven hours (around 250 kms) from Delhi. Incidentally part of Rajaji is on the way to Corbett.

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26 mars 2013 2 26 /03 /mars /2013 05:34

Dans une interview au magazine Itogi, le Directeur de l'Administration Présidentielle Sergeï Ivanov a précisé que dans le cadre des nouvelles mesures destinées à protéger plus efficacement les espèces rares sur le territoire russe, un nouveau département anti braconnage spécialement chargé du territoire du Primorye allait être mis sur pied par le ministère de l'intérieur. Il devra mettre à plat et réduire à néant l'ensemble de la chaîne de corruption. Source : Site du Président de Russie, il y a deux jours.


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  • : Le retour du tigre en Europe: le blog d'Alain Sennepin
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