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13 février 2013 3 13 /02 /février /2013 05:15

MYSORE: It has now come to light that a tigress, after its capture in Nagarahole, was released into Bandipur without radio-collaring. The tigress that was nabbed at Waynad in Kerala a week ago, was captured at Nagarahole on November 23 last year. It was released same evening in Bandipur after being treated at Mysore Zoo.

Similarly, another tiger was released into the wild without radio-collar in mid-January. Till now, there are no reports of cattle-lifting. "But we cannot say for sure if it has not tasted human blood," a wildlife activist said.

A forest official confirmed the release of a tiger and a tigress, which were captured from Nagarahole recently, in Bandipur without radio-collaring. "We act as per the directions of senior officers," the official added.

Since August, five tigers which have ventured out of the forest cover from Nagarahole have been nabbed. Two of them were released back into the wild, while one tiger succumbed to its injuries at Mysore Zoo in October-end. The other two are kept in captivity - at Bannerghatta Biological Park and Mysore Zoo.

Big cats venture out of the woods because of territorial reasons -young adults want to establish their own territory or old age pushes them out since they cannot hunt. Officials can track the cats if they are radio-collared before being released into the forest. Experts suggest the forest officials to adopt scientific means when they relocate the big cats, but to no avail. "The attack by the tigress in Waynad should be an eye-opener," he said.

Tiger experts said part of the reason why tigers venture out of Nagarahole is due to high density. Nagarahole has one of the highest densities of tiger population in India. The productive population is also high. According to studies, there are 12 tigers per 100sqkm in Nagarahole.

Tigers, being territorial animals, establish their own area. Once they come out of forests, it is not advisable to relocate them to a different place. "Bandipur is high tiger density habitat, and if we rescue a tiger here, it gets pushed out of forest or try to find a place outside forest like in Kerala. It is always better to keep it in captivity," said N Samba Kumar, joint director for Wildlife Conservation Society (India programme).

K M Chinappa, president of Wildlife First, said that there is no point in relocating tigers to different area because of associated problems. "Tigers come out of forests because of lapse in the conservation programme. Instead of shifting tigers venturing out of forest, forest officials must study the issue and find a solution," he added.

When contacted, PCCF and Karnataka chief wildlife warden Dipak Sarmah said that he is not aware of the capture of the tigress in Kerala.
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12 février 2013 2 12 /02 /février /2013 05:33



BANGALORE: For Richard Parker, the digitally created tiger in the movie Life of Pai, water was no problem as it had a digitally created ocean. But for real tigers in Karnataka'ssanctuaries facing acute water shortage due to drought, that is not the case. What authorities have decided is to artificially fill drying waterholes.

While some wildlife activists cry foul over this artificial method, experts say that it is the source of water that is important while replenishing the waterholes artificially in the tiger reserves. While surface water (running water) is a strict no-no, underground water is perfectly acceptable and does not risk contamination for the wildlife, even if transported in trucks or tankers, add experts.

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), New Delhi, too says that as per the guidelines for tiger conservation and tourism, tiger reserves must take proactive steps for drought-prone habitats. It also mentions that as of now, there shall be no communicable disease to wildlife through this proposal, but that necessary steps should be taken to prevent any communicable disease by consulting a specialist wildlife vet.

Elephants are migratory and they move in search of water towards rivers and big lakes, but territorial animals like tigers cannot move out.

"It is quite a common practice in central tiger reserves faced with drought situations year after year during the summer season. If the Karnataka forest department has decided that waterholes need to be artificially replenished, then there must be an imminent need to do so keeping the water scarcity uppermost in mind. However, care must be taken to ensure that the source of water is necessarily underground and water subsequently gets transported properly," says an NTCA senior official.

"The surface area should not be a dam where there is flowing water, instead it should be underground water and usually that source is quite safe," says vet practitioner Dr G Pampapathi.

The proposal to artificially replenish waterholes is likely to be approved by the Chief Wildlife Warden soon.

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11 février 2013 1 11 /02 /février /2013 05:36

Hier, découverte du corps d'un tigre, manifestement mort de vieillesse. Et non par le poison, dont l'usage est moins fréquent. Times of India, ce jour.


GUWAHATI: Forest officials found the carcass of a tiger in Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park on Sunday.
"The tiger is about 15 years old. Oldage ailments are suspected to be the cause of death as the post mortem report did not find any case of poisoning," Mangaldoi wildlife divisional forest officer Sushil Kunar Daila said.

Earlier, fringe villagers used to poison tigers to death in retaliation to tigers killing their livestock. But in recent years, cases of deaths caused by poisoning have been brought down by park authorities through implementation of a fast-track compensation mechanism for the villagers in case their cattle are killed by tigers.

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6 février 2013 3 06 /02 /février /2013 05:39

Elément très important de zootechnie pour faciliter une cohabitation à venir : apprendre aux tigres (qui vivent , de fait, dans les mêmes lieux que les hommes - voir "Ils s'en sortent par eux mêmes..." du 17 janvier -) à éviter les humains : anticiper sur les interactions, utilisation du taser et autres méthodes non létales (appliquées avec succès aux loups dans le Parc de Yellowstone aux USA), élimination en dernier recours (en cas d'échec manifeste de l'apprentissage pour un individu au comportement dangereux). Times of India, ce jour.

Cette réflexion intervient après un conflit urbain, où 5 personnes ont été blessées par une tigresse en zone résidentielle. Celle - ci est en interaction négative systématique, depuis 6 ans, en dépit de translocations après chaque incident, qui sans accompagnement, n'apprennent rien à l'animal ( The Hindu, ce jour et Times of India, il y a 3 jours).

Voir aussi sur ce blog l'article "Ils s'en sortent par eux - mêmes" du 17 janvier.

REFLEXION GENERALE : PUNE: The chief wildlife warden of Maharashtra has issued advisories to the state's four tiger reserves -Sahyadri Tiger Reserve in Kolhapur, Tadoba-Andhari in Chandrapur, Pench in Nagpur and Melghat in Amravati - to follow the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) recently released by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), framed to deal with emergencies arising because of tigers straying into human-dominated landscapes.

Among other things, the SOP strictly prohibits gunning down a tiger or leopard. It also says that the district authorities need to ensure law and order by imposing section 144 of the CrPc to restrain agitated locals from surrounding the spot where the animal was seen. The guidelines assume significance for Pune too, as the city has witnessed cases of leopards straying into human habitations off late, the most recent being on January 25 in the Dehu Road cantonment limits.

The SOP says that "under no circumstances, a tiger should be eliminated (by invoking the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972) if it is not habituated to causing human death".

Forest officials in Pune said that the new norms would be applicable to Pune as well. "Almost all the guidelines and procedures mentioned in SOP can be used while trapping a leopard in case it strays into human habitats," a senior forest official said.

An NTCA official told TOI that the SOP amalgamates all the earlier guidelines and brings them under a single point of reference. "There were guidelines in this regard but they were scattered. Hence, officials had difficulty in referring to them and seemed unaware of important rules. Also, the SOP makes it clear that shooting a tiger or leopard is the last resort, which will have to be corroborated with evidence. If a tiger or a leopard is shot during the event of it having strayed into a human habitat, the same will have to be documented. This means that the authorities concerned will have to prove that the animal was gunned down in extreme conditions, after having exhausted all other options," the official said.

He added that this advisory existed earlier, but many were oblivious to it.

State chief wildlife warden S W H Naqvi said the SOP has been sent to all the tiger reserves in Maharashtra. "The SOP suggests field actions to deal with strayed wild carnivores (tiger/ leopard). It suggests setting up camera traps near the kill site to confirm the identity of the animal. In addition, it lists what should be done on the spot, what should be carried along, among other things. It thus provides the basic minimum steps which are required to be taken at the field level to deal with such cases," he said.

Under the SOP, a committee has to be constituted for technical guidance and monitoring on a day-to-day basis after a big cat strays into a human-dominated habitat. It also suggests that the tiger and its source area should be identified by comparing camera trap photographs with those in the National Repository of Camera Trap Photographs of Tigers or the reserve level photo databases.

It says that if it is an area which is historically prone to such cases, detailed research should be carried out in order to ascertain the reasons for the recurring tiger emergencies. It further states that in case of confirmed livestock depredation, human injury, fatal encounters or frequent straying of tigers near human settlements, authorities should set up automatic closure traps.

Officials said the imposition of section 144 of the CrPc existed earlier as an advisory. The SOP spells it out clearly so that the authorities concerned become aware of its existence. "It is also necessary that police and local administration be involved at an early stage of the straying incidents. Effective coordination with them is critical to control mobs, which, as has been seen in several instances, worsen the situation and lead to avoidable fatalities or tragedies," the SOP says.

The 22-page document also says that if continuous trapping efforts fail, chemical immobilisation of the animal should be carried out by an expert team, including a veterinarian. It adds that if the tranquilised tiger is found to be healthy and young, it should be released after radio collaring into a suitable habitat with adequate prey base, away from human settlements, after notifying the NTCA.



CHANDRAPUR: From now on taming the problem tigers will become easy. The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is all set to introduce Taser technology for immediate immobilization of distressed animals in forest areas. Officers in the areas prone to man-animal conflict will be provided with Taser pistols and pump guns - both non-lethal weapons.

"We will introduce Taser technology and demonstration of these guns will be given on Wednesday," said DIG of NTCA SP Yadav in the workshop organized for senior forest officials of Karnataka, Odisha and Maharashtra on Tuesday. Director of WII PR Sinha, PCCF (wildlife) SWH Naqvi, APCCF (wildlife) Anil Mohan, AIG (regional office), NTCA Ravikiran Govekar, faculties from WII, Parag Nigam and Habib Bilal along with Yadav were key guests participating in the workshop. CCF and DCF rank officers from Karnataka and Odisha and their counterparts from Maharashtra were present in the workshop which will run for two days.

He claimed that effective protection in forest areas across the country has helped raising the tiger population. "However same could be put as one of the reason for straying of tigers in human dominated landscape. Dwindling prey base could be the other reason for straying of tigers," he said.

Yadav claimed that the NTCA has come out with standard operating procedure (SOP) for handling of tigers straying into human dominated landscape. "Success of the field officers in dealing such situation could help in saving the tigers and its source. Our failure would bring bad name and criticism. We could be gheraoed and even get beaten," he warned.

Director of WII Sinha pointed out that degradation and fragmentation of habitat and poaching of wildlife are the key reasons for straying of tigers into human dominated landscapes. He agreed that the nature of man-animal conflict in Tadoba landscape is quite difficult.

Earlier PCCF (wildlife) SWH Naqvi delivered the introductory remarks. and claimed that in light of recent incidence of shooting of troublesome tigress in Gondia, organization of workshop to deal with the straying tigers is most appropriate in terms of place and the timing.



The Hindu :


Tigress released in Karnataka 71 days ago trapped again in Wayanad last week

Photo-matching done at the Centre for Wildlife Studies - India (CWS) in Bangalore now shows that the tiger trapped in Wayanad this Saturday is a ‘problem tiger’ that had created a conflict situation at a place called Nalkeri on the boundary of the Nagarahole National Park in Karnataka just 71 days ago.

The finding points to need for a re-examination of the capture-release practice followed by the conservation officials in dealing with ‘problem tigers’ that stray into human habitations and cause conflict situations.

This tiger was captured in a box trap by the Karnataka Forest officials on November 23 after two cattle-killing incidents on November 20 and 21 in Nalkeri village outside the western boundary of the Nagarahole Tiger Reserve, according to conservation zoologist and director of CWS - India Programme, K. Ullas Karanth.

It was an injured tiger and, after treatment at the Mysore zoo, was released by late evening on the same day near a place called Hidagalapanchi in Karnataka’s Bandipur Tiger Reserve. The place of release is less than 10 km, as the crow flies, from the adjoining Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala.

Dr. Karanth told The Hindu that the CWS had searched its database containing the stripe patterns of over 600 individually identifiable tigers surviving in the Malanad-Mysore landscape — a database that contains camera-trap pictures gathered over the years from the region — and found the match for the stripe pattern of the tiger captured this Saturday in Wayanad from a conflict situation.

The study showed that this tiger—a tigress, in fact—is the same one that was repeatedly captured by camera-traps and even two wildlife photographers during the period from 2007 to 2012 from a particular area in Nagarahole National Park. It was pushed out of this area, which apparently was its home range, due to unknown reasons that could include inability to retain the home range in the face of competition. It started straying into the human habitations outside Nagarahole in November 2012, to be trapped by the Karnataka Forest officials. It returned once again to human settlements in neighbouring Kerala after being released in Bandipur Tiger Reserve. Apparently, the animal could not hunt and survive.

Poor condition

In a report to the Forest Department on Monday, Dr. Karanth and his associates N. Samba Kumar and Narendra Patil said the tigress, now in Thrissur zoo, should not be released back in the wild. It was eight years or more in age and in a very poor condition.


Times of India :

KOZHIKODE: Five persons, including a tahsildar and panchayat president, were injured when a tiger attacked them at Thirunelli in Wayanad on Saturday. The animal was later tranquilized and shifted to the zoo in Thrissur.

The tiger was first spotted by Lijin of Vadachirakunnu Colony on Saturday morning. The beast attacked and injured him. Around 11.30am, it attacked a school teacher, Krishnakumar. He was standing in front of his house when the big cat pounced on him. He was later shifted to Kozhikode medical college hospital.



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5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 09:58

Voici un passage trouvé sur la page d'accueil de l'Ambassade d'Azerbaïdjan en France...

L’Azerbaïdjan constitue l’une des plus grande réserve animale du Caucase et 108 espèces sont inscrites sur la Liste Rouge (répertoriant les espèces en voie d’extinction à protéger) : 14 pour les mammifères, 41 pour les oiseaux, 13 pour les reptiles et amphibiens et 40 pour les insectes. Les différents biotopes sont particulièrement favorables à leur pérennité. Comme les zones montagneuses du Nakhitchevan qui accueillent les aigles royaux, ou les espaces subalpins du Caucase Majeur et Mineur qui abritent les tétraogalles du Caucase ou les sarcelles marbrées. Sans  compter l’érismature à tête blanche et le colvert sur les rives de la mer Caspienne où les esturgeons peuvent encore croiser quelques rares phoques de la Caspienne encore en vie. Mais se sont aussi les saumons, dorades ou anguilles qui peuplent les abords des embouches des fleuves qu’il rejoindront pour leur reproduction. Et dans ce paradis animal, cohabitent chameaux, ours, chèvres du Caucase, gazelles, porcs-épics, ratons laveurs, gerboises et hyènes, et, deux ou trois spécimens de tigre de la Caspienne auraient, semble-t-il, survécu au braconnage.

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5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 06:03

Début du recensement des populations de tigres sauvages, en Inde et au Nepal (BBC News, hier, et La Republica aujourd'hui) avec des moyens inédits. Constat : les technologies avancées au service de la prospection des données et une attention des medias beaucoup plus forte, semblent constituer un frein, pour l'heure, au déclin du grand fauve.

India and Nepal begin Royal Bengal tiger census

Royal Bengal tiger (file image) An Ambitious plan seeks to double the wild tiger population in the region by 2022

Forest and nature protection officials from Nepal and India have started their first ever joint survey of tigers.

The survey will take place in a dozen or more wildlife preserves and forests spread across the Terai Arc region that the two South Asian nations share.

The project aims to identify the exact number of Royal Bengal tigers residing in this zone.

It will also study the availability of prey to assist with conservation strategies.

The Terai Arc Landscape spreads over 950km (600 miles) across the Indian states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and into southern Nepal.

The region is estimated to be home to 500 tigers at present - one of the world's densest concentrations of tigers, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

WWF is one of the organisations involved in the survey, which is being led by the governments of India and Nepal.

As part of the survey, officials are installing hundreds of camera traps (remote motion-sensitive cameras) along the wild paths frequented by the tigers, allowing tigers who come into the cameras' range to be identified.

"The same tiger trapped by a camera here on the Nepali side could cross over into India, but that tiger will be trapped by another camera there," Megh Bahadur Pandey, the director general of Nepal's Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, told the BBC.

That means no tiger will be counted twice.

Population plan


Officials say that as well as ascertaining the tiger population in the region, the survey will also study the tigers' "prey base" or prey availability.

This is necessary to draw up conservation strategies in the region as part of an ambitious plan unveiled in 2012 - the last Year of the Tiger - seeking to double the wild tiger population by 2022.

"The results will show whether we are succeeding or failing towards that goal," Anil Manandhar, the country representative of the WWF Nepal programme, told the BBC.

"Based on the outcomes, we can plan our strategies for tiger conservation."

He said officials may need up to four months to compile the joint results.

Tens of thousands of Royal Bengal tigers used to roam Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal, but their population currently stands at just a little over 3,000.

The tiger's massive decline in past decades is due to widespread deforestation, the shrinking of their habitat and loss of prey base, say experts.



MAHENDRANAGAR, Feb 5: The government started counting tigers in the country from Monday. The government begun the census with a plan to find out the exact number of wild cats at present and with a view to double the number of by the year 2022. The census will be complete in three months.

The census has been launched in five major conservation areas including Sukhlaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park, Banke National Park and Parsa Wildlife Reserve.

The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) has initiated the tiger census with technical and financial assistance from the National Trust for Nature Conservation and WWF-Nepal.

The counting started from Palash Ghari of Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (SWR) by the Minister for Forests and Soil Conservation Yadu Bansha Jha.

In order to find out the exact number of tigers, the DNPWC is using camera trapping technology in all the five conservation reserves. According to Yuvraj Regmi, chief conservation officer of the SWR, 50 cameras have been installed in different parts of SWR while as many as 20 technicians have been deployed to monitor it.

Megh Bahadur Pandey, director general of Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) reiterated that the census will find out the exact number of tigers unlike previous census and will help in developing strategies and programs for increasing the number of tigers by 2022.

In the tiger census last year, ten adult tigers were found in the SWR while eight tigers had been found in the census conducted in the year before last, said Regmi. According to him, they have been conducting tiger census in SWR every year since 1999 to manage and conserve tigers.

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4 février 2013 1 04 /02 /février /2013 20:18

Suite de l'article "Si les tigres étaient ici..." du 27 janvier.

Les 100 premiers loups abattus ont été comptabilisés en Yakoutie. En fin de compte, l'utilisation de poison n'a pas été autorisée. Siberian Times, ce jour.

By The Siberian Times reporter
04 February 2013

The first 100 wolves have been killed in the Sakha Republic as the authorities step-up their campaign to protect people and reindeer herds, officials confirmed.

The republic has ruled out the use of poisons, despite demands by hunters. Instead, they must use traditional ways of hunting, like traps and shooting. When the cold eases, helicopters will be deployed to shoot wolf packs. Picture: Viktor Everstov, The Siberian Times 

Our picture shows the early results of a cull which is aiming to slaughter as much as 87.5% of the wolf population of Russia's largest region. The number of kills are likely to be higher but many hunters remain in inaccessible regions and 100 is the figure known to the authorities.

It comes as officials in another Siberian region - TransBaikal - are calling on Moscow to suspend a ban on the use of controversial poisons to destroy wolves. 

Here, recently, a shepherd fled for his life, climbing a tree, as marauding wolves killed three rams. 

Wolves hunting Siberia

Yakutian hunters set a trap next to the body of a horse mauled by wolves. Picture: Viktor Everstov, The SIberian Times 

It is so far unclear if they will be allowed to use of a fluorine-acetate-barium compound widely deployed to curb wolf numbers in Soviet times, which would be highly controversial among ecologists. 

Hunting began in Sakha - also known as Yakutia - on 15 January and currently more than 80 'brigades' are deployed in a bid to cull 3,500 of the 4,000 wolves believed to be living in the republic. 

Sixty more are planned to start hunting soon, with bounties for each wolf killed and prizes for the most prolific hunters. 

Wolves are becoming a rising threat to reindeer-herding villages across the region but the worst-hit are Tompon and Kobyaiskiy districts, where states of emergency have been called.  There are also deep concerns on the threat from wolves in Momskiy district. 

Recently Ivan Pavlov, deputy minister of agriculture in Sakha, called for hunters to be more active, assuring them of financial support. 

'Hunters in some areas are still pausing, waiting for the money to be transferred first,' he said. 

'We can't have this attitude, as attacks on domestic animals happen almost daily now, both horses and reindeers. We've got to make our animal protection system stronger. 

'We are putting a budget almost three times as big as for 2012 to finance the hunting.

Avia shooting will be supported by 14 million roubles, land hunting will take some 5 million roubles, and about 13 million roubles would go into skins processing. 

'We are increasing the financing, and we've got to deliver better results.

'We have got to significantly decrease the number of wolves without damaging the nature.'

Wolves hunting Siberia

Wolves hunting Siberia

Wolves are becoming a rising threat to reindeer-herding villages across the region but the worst-hit are Tompon and Kobyaiskiy districts, where states of emergency have been called. Pictures: Alexander Tyryshkin, The Siberian Times 

The republic has ruled out the use of poisons, despite demands by hunters. Instead, they must use traditional ways of hunting, like traps and shooting.

When the cold eases, helicopters will be deployed to shoot wolf packs.  

'Wolves become a trouble not only for Yakutia - our neighbours in Trans-Baikal region have to take strong measures to stop wolves getting to domestic animals,' said Pavlov. In TransBaikal, the estimated wolf population is higher than Sakha, at 5,000, double its desirable level, said Alexander Purbuyev, the head of the state hunting service in the region.

The region is paying a royalty of 10,000 roubles ($334) for each killed animal. 

Latest reports in Sakha suggest double this rate will be paid in a region where 55 horses and 564 domestic reindeer have already perished due to wolves this year. A total of 16,111 reindeer and 314 horses were lost in 2012.

'People are worried like never before about massive wolves attacks on domesticated animals in all areas of the republic, including central ones,'  said Yegor Borisov, head of the republic, last month.

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2 février 2013 6 02 /02 /février /2013 10:13


Electrocution of tigers seizes Maharashtra government's attention
Unsuspecting tigers get electrocuted by the current when they come in contact with the wires, they said. These high tension power lines pass through the sprawling four tiger sanctuaries.
PUNE: Poachers have devised an ingenious way of killing tigers by electrocuting the big cats in the remote and wild areas of Maharashtra.

Taking a serious note of deliberate electrocution of tigers, chief minister Prithviraj Chavan has suggested a coordination committee comprising of forest department and MSEDCL officials to work out ways to prevent such incidents at a time when the state is keen to promote its tiger conservation programme.

Poachers have been found lowering the 11 kw high tension power lines of the State Electricity Board (MSEDCL) with hooks in the tiger sanctuaries of Vidarbha region, forest department officials said.

Unsuspecting tigers get electrocuted by the current when they come in contact with the wires, they said. These high tension power lines pass through the sprawling four tiger sanctuaries.

One of the proposals under consideration is to explore the feasibility of laying the high tension wires underground. Another suggestion is to use a rubber coating to insulate the wires passing through the sanctuaries.

A joint patrolling of both forest and electricity department too is being considered, official sources said. Special veterinary doctors are also being appointed in the buffer zones around the sanctuaries.

Times of India
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2 février 2013 6 02 /02 /février /2013 09:37

Source : Siberian Times, hier. Suite à l'article blog "Derjava (la Puissance) du 20 septembre 2012 - source : Siberian Times du 18). Des restes, de mâchoire notamment, ont été découverts par un plongeur, le premier à atteindre le fond du lac Labynkyr en république de Sakha. L'eau de celui - ci ne gèle pas totalement, même à une température de - 60°C. L'animal pourrait être un brochet gigantesque...

By The Siberian Times reporter
01 February 2013

Unknown remains of a large creature have been found in Lake Labynkyr, say the first divers to ever reach its floor.

The dive was made at the request of Yakutia State University in order to film the bottom of the lake and gather samples of water, flora and fauna. It is the first-ever dive to the bottom of the lake, which is at an altitude of 1,020 metres above sea level. Picture: The Siberian Times

A dozen divers braved legends of monsters and the coldest winter temperatures in a venture that is likely to go into the Guinness World Book of Records.  

Using an underwater scanner they discovered a jaw and skeletal remains that might be the notorious 'Devil' that was first reported by locals in the 19th century, it was claimed on 1 February. 

Reports of a monster in Lake Labynkyr pre-date claims about the Loch Ness monster in Scotland, say Russian academics. 

The lake in the Sakha Republic - or Yakutia - is seen as one of the most mysterious in the world because even in temperatures of minus 60C its waters do not completely freeze. Scientists struggle to explain this phenomenon.

The lake averages 52 metres in depth but has a mysterious underwater fissure which reaches down to 80 metres.

For the historic dive - the first time the floor of the lake has been conquered - the air temperature was minus 42C and the water 2C.

Earlier reports said that top Russian diver Dmitry Shiller,  leader of the Russian Georgraphical Society Underwater Research Team, and his colleagues had reached the bottom and returned without any sign of the legendary monster. 

'Dmitry Shiller did not meet the monster - but managed to film the bottom of the lake and took samples of the lake's flora,' said a spokesman. 

But later it was claimed the team had found evidence of jaws and a skeleton using an underwater scanner, thought there was initially scant detail.

Still, the reports which echoed an account  by a scientist in Soviet times who visited the lake.

Siberian Nessi, lake Labynkyr

Soviet geologist Viktor Tverdokhlebov. Picture: The Siberian Times

Geologist Viktor Tverdokhlebov wrote of the 'Devil': 'There have been all sort of hypothesises about what kind of creature it could be: a giant pike, a relic reptile or an amphibia. We didn't manage to prove or to disprove these versions..... we managed to find remains of jaws and skeleton of some animal.'

The February dive is believed to be the first ever aqualung winter dive into a natural lake in this part of Siberia, which is known as the Pole of Cold.  

The lake lies in the same district as Oymyakon, site of the world's coldest ever reading in an inhabited town.  

The divers are expected to seek an entry in the Guinness World Book of Records as being the first in winter in a lake in such a cold region. 

The dive was made at the request of Yakutia State University in order to  film the bottom of the lake and gather samples of water, flora and fauna. 

It is the first-ever dive to the bottom of the lake, which is at an altitude of 1,020 metres above sea level. 

The expedition was supported by Russian Emergencies Ministry rescuers and also involved cameramen of the Sakha National Broadcasting Company.

Most divers - like Shiller - were from Tatarstan.

Siberian Nessi, lake Labynkyr

Siberian Nessi, lake Labynkyr

Lyudmila Emelyanova, Moscow State University Associate Professor of Biogeography with her team on way to Labynkur lake in Yakutia, and (above)working with echo sounding device during her expedition to Labynkur lake in Yakutia. Pictures: The Siberian Times

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the since the foundation of the  Russian Geographical Society's regional branch, which is one of the oldest in Russia. 

Reports of a monster - known as the 'Devil' - and underwater links to other lakes have long intrigued scientists and the rare visitors to Lake Labynkyr.

Sonar tests in the lake by respectable scientists have found 'seriously big underwater objects'.

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1 février 2013 5 01 /02 /février /2013 07:57


JAIPUR: Notorious poacher Juhru and his six accomplices were sentenced to seven years' imprisonment and a fine of Rs one lakh in a tiger poaching case at Sariska Tiger Reserve recently.

The case pertains to the killing of a tiger by the accused in 2004, said Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) lawyer Koushal Bhardwaj, who was assisting the prosecution. The accused were awarded maximum sentence by additional chief judicial magistrate - 1 on January 24.
An accused in 14 wildlife cases, including six cases of tiger poaching, Juhru was previously convicted in at least two cases of leopard poaching and one case of tiger poaching in 2003 at Sariska. He was sentenced to five years each in the leopard cases, and seven years for the tiger case.
"He was one of the main persons responsible for the disappearance of tigers from Sariska," said Ashok Kumar, vice-chairman, WTI. "Such sentences are generally awarded concurrently under our law. However, repeat offenders should be serving consecutive sentences for all these killings," he said.

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