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22 janvier 2013 2 22 /01 /janvier /2013 20:12

LES PROTECTEURS DU GROUPE MYCAT PRENNENT L'INITIATIVE D'OCCUPER LE TERRAIN DANS LES FORÊTS MALAISES (Source : Star Online, ce jour).

 

By NATALIE HENG
star2green@thestar.com.my


Gruesome remains: Trekkers chance upon a skull, bones and claws of possibly a panther during a Citizen Action for Tigers (CAT) Walk in the Sungai Yu Tiger Corridor near Taman Negara Sungai Relau in Pahang. By getting people to reclaim wild spaces, such as by going on treks, the initiative hopes to discourage poachers from plundering our wildlife. — SHAHRUL FAZRY ISMAIL/The Star Gruesome remains: Trekkers chance upon a skull, bones and claws of possibly a panther during a Citizen Action for Tigers (CAT) Walk in the Sungai Yu Tiger Corridor near Taman Negara Sungai Relau in Pahang. By getting people to reclaim wild spaces, such as by going on treks, the initiative hopes to discourage poachers from plundering our wildlife. — SHAHRUL FAZRY ISMAIL/The Star

 

Volunteers are reclaiming the wilderness from poachers through recreation.

IN THE fading light, Muna Noor’s 4WD is hurtling down the tarmac. The road is long and narrow, and dramatic limestone karst formations rise up on either side of us.

It will take at least five hours to get from Kuala Lumpur to Taman Negara Sungai Relau in Merapoh, Pahang, but Muna does this drive as often as she can because when she’s at home, all that she can think about is, the jungle.

“I just keep thinking that every week, if I don’t do it, there could be poachers out there. Every time we go into the forest, we make a difference. What we do, it really counts.”

Our destination is the Sungai Yu Tiger Corridor, an important but unprotected stretch of forested land, 15km south of the entrance to Taman Negara Sungai Relau. Tigers pass through this area when they move between two of Malaysia’s great tiger landscapes – the forests of the Main Range and Greater Taman Negara.

Rich in wildlife, the area is vulnerable to poaching because it is surrounded by stateland forest which anyone can enter without a permit.

This spot has never been frequented by hikers as there are no attractions, such as waterfalls, nearby. Neither do the orang asli, who live further away, frequent it – which leaves the forest nice and quiet for poachers.

Numerous small snares for trapping small animals like rodents or pheasants were found, signalling the extent of poaching activity in Sungai Yu. Numerous small snares for trapping small animals like rodents or pheasants were found, signalling the extent of poaching activity in Sungai Yu.

 

“The idea is that if we can get more people to use these forests for recreation, this will deter poachers from setting up traps there,” explains Muna.

A friend had introduced her to the Cat (Citizen Action for Tigers) Walks which she now leads. Formerly the editorial director of a new media publishing house, her life has always been fast-paced. After leaving the company and before starting her new job, she had time to spare and so dived head first into the world of tiger conservation.

Started by the Malaysian Conservation Alliance for Tigers (Mycat), Cat Walks are made for people like Muna – urban dwellers who feel helpless and frustrated with news of the forest being drained of its wildlife by illegal hunters. Instead of just giving their cheques to the conservation body of their choice, and wondering how much money will go towards administration costs, they can get out into the field, and make a direct impact.

The walks take place along jungle routes that are quiet and secluded, and so, preferred by poachers. Many of those who hunt in the Sungai Yu corridor are thought to be opportunistic.

Therefore, the idea is that if they know they are being watched, they would be deterred from poaching. The Cat Walks have made a difference, because every time trekkers encounter suspicious activities, they make a report to the Wildlife Crime Hotline (019-356 4194 / report@malayantiger.net). In 2011, such reports resulted in raids, arrests and the removal of snares.

Mycat senior programme officer Ashleigh Seow is the guy who identifies potential Cat Walk trails. To do so, he says, you have to think like a poacher. He finds new routes by driving up and down the road, exploring potential access points, and studying maps. Once he has found a good track, he maps it out on the GPS for the next Cat Walk.

Cat Walkers are made up of volunteers. Any reasonably fit member of the public can join the leisurely, weekend hike. And it’s cheap.

“Usually, people have to pay a lot of money for guides and experts like Ashleigh, who has so much knowledge and motivation,” Muna points out.

An illegal wire snare, designed to trap large animals. An illegal wire snare, designed to trap large animals.

 

Volunteers often carpool from Kuala Lumpur (or some other departure point), or take the bus or train. “All you really need to pay for is petrol and accommodation, which, if you stay in the hostel at Taman Negara, costs about RM15 a night.”

All walks of life

When we pull up at our destination in Taman Negara Sungai Relau, night has fallen, so we grab a quick Milo and then it’s time for bed. The next morning, we meet the rest of the volunteers. Six employees of pewter company Royal Selangor are on the company’s second trip, organised under its corporate social responsibility programme. Product designer Tan Jooi Chong, 59, is the most experienced of the group. A nature guide with the Malaysian Nature Society, he first heard about Cat Walks through a fellow guide, Seow. He then put forward the idea of incorporating Cat Walks into his company’s campaign, and now they plan to do one company Cat Walk every three or four months.

Also in the group is David Chin, 55, who learnt about Cat Walks from The Star’s Do Good. Volunteer campaign. Chin has done two walks and now that he has retired from working in the welfare industry, he hopes to lead some walks in the future. Both Tan and Chin are relatively experienced nature walkers, but there are some in the group who aren’t. For Hilda Rozali, a communications retail executive who usually spends her free time curled up with a book, this will be her very first time in the jungle. It is the diverse mix of people – students, travellers, retirees and managing directors – that make Cat Walks fun.

After breakfast, we load ourselves into a convoy of jeeps. We drive past breathtaking landscapes before pulling up into a small track off the road, where Muna gives us a prep-talk. She started off as a Cat Walker, before attending a Cat Walk trip leader workshop, where she learned to read maps, use a GPS, identify animal tracks and potential snare and trap sites, as well as what to do if a trapped animal is encountered. This will be the second Cat Walk that she is leading.

The removed snares will be burned. The removed snares will be burned.

 

“Animals you are most likely to encounter: leeches. Your best friend? Mud … (it) gives you a much better chance of spotting animal tracks. And if we encounter an elephant, remember, NO flash photography. We don’t want to accidentally startle them and risk being charged at.”

Following instructions, everyone sets off up a steep slope, diligently making sure the person behind us is visible at all times. As soon as we make it to flat ground again, we find our first trap – a small, inconspicuous loop of string that tightens like a noose when set off by small animals. Muna whips out her GPS, and starts taking down the coordinates to be submitted later to the Wildlife Crime Hotline.

Alias, an orang asli from a local Batek tribe who is guiding us, has keen eyes, and soon spots dozens more traps up ahead. One was tightened around a small bone – Seow suspects it to be that of a great Argus pheasant, a large ground bird.

“The first time we visited the trail up ahead, we found an Argus feather, so we named the logging road the Feather Trail. And then we found this side trail, and lots of bird traps, so we called this place, Bird Valley.”

The traps keep appearing, and soon we find something more chilling – a metal wire snare, along with the dug-out hole it had probably been set up at.

Experiencing the forest landscape is all part of the fun of a Cat Walk. Experiencing the forest landscape is all part of the fun of a Cat Walk.

 

“Wire snares suggest hunters are looking for big, strong animals,” explains Seow.

The number of traps we discover along this route surprises even Muna, who says this is more traps than she’s encountered on any Cat Walk thus far. Most of the traps have already been deactivated, possibly by a Mycat researcher who has previously been through. Seow thinks the Bird Valley trail might have actually been created by poachers, because it doesn’t go anywhere.

“There is no village around here, the trail just leads to an old logging road.”

The Wildlife and National Parks Department (Perhilitan) has since sealed the logging road off, preventing jeeps from driving in via the road.

A gruesome find

As we continue walking, everyone is excited to find bear claw marks up a tree. But as we round the corner, things take a dark turn. Lying on the ground is a foot-long skull, tinged green with algae. All around it are bones and what look like large, curved, cat claws. Silence falls as the group collects around the area and Seow asks Muna to send pictures via her Blackberry to alert the Wildlife Crime Hotline, which would then inform Perhilitan. Everyone seems a little shaken, most of all Muna. This is precisely why she is so committed to doing Cat Walks, to deter poachers from going in there and setting up traps.

Perhilitan officers arrived at the scene about two hours later. They note the location so that they can investigate further. The Cat Walkers move on, filled with conviction.

The rest of the three-day trip was full of fun activities – lunch and a swim by the river, an excursion to a cave, and camera-trap maintenance, with opportunities to check out the amazing footage (there were tigers, elephants and panthers).

We ended the trip exhausted, but filled with memorable experiences. But most of all, we left knowing that what we had encountered in the forest was proof that what Muna said was true: What we do counts.

(After studying pictures of the skull, Mycat thinks it could be that of a black leopard. It says poachers could have intentionally left the animal to rot, in order to attract a bigger predator, such as the tiger.)

To join a Cat Walk, go to facebook.com/the malayantiger or malayantiger.net or contact Wong Pui May at may@malayantiger.net or 03-7880 3940.

 

Local threat

RESEARCH by the Malaysian Conservation Alliance for Tigers (Mycat) has revealed the disturbing absence of tiger prey species such as the sambar deer, in the Sungai Yu Tiger Corridor. It says the locals generally know who the poachers are. While conducting research, Mycat was told where the poachers live, and that wild meat could be found in restaurants along Federal Route 8 (Gua Musang Highway).

“When Mycat conducted school outreach programmes in Sungai Yu, we found that the children are familiar with snares and know how and where they are set,” said Mycat general manager Dr Kae Kawanishi.

The local poachers are opportunistic, and are likely to stop if they know they are being watched, according to Kawanishi. Though the Wildlife and National Parks Department has previously raided a restaurant and houses in the area, people tend to start poaching again once the fear has dissipated because most of the time, illegal activities go undetected.

MYCAT wants the Pahang Forestry Department to gazette the stateland forests in the corridor as Permanent Reserved Forests. “The importance of the corridor has been recognised as it has been identified as Primary Linkage 1 in the Central Forest Spine Masterplan,” Kawanishi adds.

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22 janvier 2013 2 22 /01 /janvier /2013 20:06

L'AMOINDRISSEMENT DU CONFLIT ENTRE PREDATEUR ET ELEVEUR VIA COMPENSATION FINANCIERE DES PERTES EST A L'ETUDE EN INDE. Source : Mongabay.com, hier.

 


Living beside a tiger reserve: scientists study compensation for human-wildlife conflict in India

By: Jenny R. Isaacs
January 21, 2013



Bengal tiger in Kanha Tiger Reserve. Photo by: Kalyan Varma.
Bengal tiger in Kanha Tiger Reserve. Photo by: Kalyan Varma.

 

During an average year, 87% of households surrounding Kanha Tiger Reserve in Central India report experiencing some kind of conflict with wild animals, according to a new paper in the open-access journal PLOS One. Co-existence with protected, free-roaming wildlife can be a challenge when living at the edge of a tiger reserve.

"Local residents most often directly bear the costs of living alongside wildlife and may have limited ability to cope with losses" wrote the authors of the new paper, "Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area." For example, the study finds that farmers in the region report losing on average $90 USD every year to crop loss, this in an area where the average annual income is $517 per household. To make conservation and conflict prevention more effective for people and wildlife, the international team of researchers set out to assess and map perceived conflict and compensation to households around Kanha National Park in Central India.

The Kanha Tiger Reserve is one of India's most well known Tiger Reserves, supporting carnivores such as the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus) and wild dog (Cuon alpinus), and many herbivores. Despite the presence of free roaming, large, and dangerous wild animals, people live and farm in and around the protected area (PA).

"Kanha is atypical of most Indian PAs because the administrative buffer gives it a lesser hard edge than other PAs and livelihoods of people living in the buffer fall within the purview of park management," wrote the study authors, adding that "the presence of a buffer provides an opportunity to compare conflict experienced and compensation effectiveness among households within and outside the buffer."

The study shows how living within the buffer means greater contact with wildlife and the officials that manage them; for example, of the households that reported loss to authorities, households inside the buffer were more likely to receive compensation (35% for crop loss and 48% for livestock loss) compared to households outside (11% for crop loss and 29% for livestock loss).

"Compensation distribution for households located in the administrative buffer is higher than households located outside indicating some positive influence of management inside the buffer," wrote the study authors, illustrating how buffer areas foster cooperation between locals and park officials in managing co-existence with wildlife.

Forming a clearer picture of how these conflicts were playing out across the landscape was the main goal of the study. To that end, the researchers mapped and statistically modeled the types and frequency of human-wildlife conflicts and related compensation that occurred in a 20 km radius near the park. They focused on two common types of conflicts that occurred between 2010 and 2011: crop and livestock losses. The mapped results reveal hotspots and patterns of conflict and compensation both in and around the park.

Villagers surround livestock likely killed by predator. Photo by: Harsha, J.
Villagers surround livestock likely killed by predator. Photo by: Harsha, J.

Results confirm that living near a tiger reserve has its downsides. Households reporting crop loss listed 17 species as crop raiders including 10 herbivores, 4 carnivores, 2 primates and peacocks. Livestock losses to ten carnivores were reported and most troublesome species were jackal (Canis aureus), wolf (Canis lupus), tiger and leopard. Seventy three percent of households reported crop loss and 33% livestock loss in the previous year, but less than 8% reported human injury or death. Sixty-four percent of households reported experiencing more than five incidents per year and 32% households reported 2–5 incidents per year.

Since animals don't conform to legal boundaries, the results also show that, if not well-designed, a park buffer area is not always useful at preventing or predicting sites of conflict. Problematically, many high-risk villages on the map are located outside the park boundary and buffer area and are, therefore, less likely to be compensated for losses.

"Spatial modeling…suggests that households located closer to the PA have higher risk regardless of location within or outside the administrative buffer," wrote the study authors, adding that "as consideration is currently under way for designating buffers around other protected areas in India, our results from Kanha suggest that compensation is more likely to be distributed to those who suffer losses if the administrative buffer is designated to include more susceptible locations for crop and livestock loss."

Lead author Dr. Krithi K. Karanth told mongabay.com that this type of analysis is important for conflict prevention efforts because the stakes are literally life and death: "retaliation was rare but was strong when people were killed or injured."

To understand local experiences, in October 2011 Karanth's team, including 35 citizen science volunteers, spoke with local residents (93% of whom are engaged in agriculture) from 735 households in 347 villages within a 5,154 km2 area surrounding Kanha. They surveyed these residents about their backgrounds, their conflicts with wildlife in the past year, whether they reported these conflicts, what prevention measures were taken, and whether compensation was received for wildlife-caused losses.

Karanth told mongabay.com that "feelings towards parks are generally positive" and "people do value the parks and attribute several services and benefits to parks." Furthermore, she explained that conflicts and negative attitudes "are more towards the park management as restrictions on resource use such as grazing, collection of fuel wood-fodder-non timber forest products lead to conflict situations."

The causes of conflicts are many. Crop loss was associated with greater number of cropping months per year and proximity to the park. Livestock loss was associated with grazing animals inside the park and proximity to the park. Among prevention measures only the use of protective physical structures and guard animal reduced livestock and crop loss.

"Blind investment in mitigation activities should be replaced by targeted and focused strategies that work at the individual household level," wrote the authors in their paper.

Park service and government officials are tasked with keeping the peace between animals that stray outside park boundaries and farmers by working with residents to resolve issues such as livestock and crop losses. One effective way to soften attitudes towards wildlife is to compensate farmers for their losses after officials assess the extent of damage. In their paper, the authors explain that "improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas."

The authors note that while compensation is important, the proper distribution across space is contested. Because wildlife conflicts are naturally more frequent just outside protected areas, the authors write that "this raises important questions about who is responsible for compensating local people for wildlife damage outside the jurisdiction of PAs and park authorities." In other words, deciding if compensation is warranted and who should pay is often complicated and contentious.

To get a sense of how compensation was distributed across the park and buffer area, the scientists also examined financial records and mapped the total compensation paid out to individual households by the authorities for the years 2009–2011. Although 73% of those surveyed reported that they experienced crop loss, only 26% of these households reported losses to authorities and 22% of those reporting received compensation. Thirty percent of surveyed households reported livestock loss, but only 34% of affected households reported losses to authorities and 41% received compensation upon reporting.

Researchers conduct surveys around Kanha Tiger Reserve. Photo courtesy of Krithi Karanth.
Researchers conduct surveys around Kanha Tiger Reserve. Photo courtesy of Krithi Karanth.

The disparity of compensation may be a result of differences in reporting from residents based on the type and severity of the conflict.

"People often talked about accepting the losses, particularly from animals such as pigs, which frequently raid but the losses are small," Karanth told mongabay.com. "In these instances the paper work to file compensation costs a lot of time and money and the compensation amounts do not reflect this. So people choose to let these losses go. It's only when they lose livestock, get hurt, or killed, are more efforts invested in being compensated."

Because "preventing conflict and improving distribution of compensation are important to fostering co-existence in landscapes that surround protected areas and function as critical buffers for wildlife," the authors suggest that co-existence can best be realized by the delineation of buffers and other management strategies "based on ecological and economic realities."

When designed well for both people and animals, wildlife management and parks like Kanha can succeed. Though imperfect, there are many positive lessons to draw from Kanha's wildlife management approaches, including utilizing buffer areas of compensation. Most promising is the working model of people and nature living together in and around the reserve where, despite heavy and regular losses to crops and livestock, Karanth told mongabay.com that "people are largely tolerant of many conflict incidents," adding that she heard from many people that "these shared areas were as much the home of wildlife as theirs." Perhaps such a vision of a shared landscape may serve as a great blueprint for the future of conservation.



CITATION: Karanth KK, Gopalaswamy AM, DeFries R, Ballal N. Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area. 2012. PLoS ONE 7(12): e50433. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050433

Read more at http://news.mongabay.com/2013/0121-isaacs-tiger-compensation-kanha.html#FJjdGDZePhgTVqs7.99

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22 janvier 2013 2 22 /01 /janvier /2013 12:02

Trois ans après le sommet du tigre à St Petersbourg, le sommet de l'Ours Polaire se tiendra à Moscou en Novembre prochain. Il s'agit de définir une stratégie internationale cohérente pour le plus grand carnivore terrestre menacé par les modifications climatiques aux conséquences spectaculaires sur les milieux qui l'abritent, comme ce fut le cas pour le félin géant strié et lancéolé. 

Voir sur le site du Président de Russie

http://programmes.putin.kremlin.ru/en/bear/news/22369

L'ours marin a une distribution holarctique (Europe, Asie et Amérique septentrionales). Sa vocation est de la conserver, tout comme celle du tigre est de la reconquérir.

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22 janvier 2013 2 22 /01 /janvier /2013 05:22

NOUVEAU TRANSFERT D'UNE TIGRESSE DE RANTHAMBORE A SARISKA (Times of India, hier). Mais pour viabiliser les populations sur le long terme, c'est une véritable culture du tigre chez les hommes qu'il faut reconstruire (selon la thèse de l'anthropologue Pedro Galhano Alves établie àSariska dans les années 1994 - 1997) ainsi qu'une culture de l'homme chez les tigres (voir l'article : "Ils s'en sortent par eux mêmes, comme toujours" du 17 janvier).

JAIPUR: To revive the population of big cats in Sariska national park in Rajasthan's Alwar district, one tigress will be relocated there tomorrow from Ranthambore national park, state forest and environment minister Bina Kak said.

"A 2-year-old tigress will be relocated to Sariska by road in the morning tomorrow. Preparations have been done by experts," Kak said.

Presently, Sariska has two tigers and three tigresses, who were also relocated from Ranthambhore in the past, besides two cubs whereas Ranthambore, located in Sawaimadhopur district, has a population of 27 adult (tigerand tigers) and 25 cubs, according to officials.

Interestingly, the tigress to be shifted is named after the minister.

"One of the tigresses, 'Bina-1'or Bina-2', will be shifted tomorrow. They were born in Ranthambore two years back and have now started hunting on their own. I monitored them closely since their birth so I am emotionally attached to them hence they were named as Bina-1and Bina-2." she told PTI.

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21 janvier 2013 1 21 /01 /janvier /2013 09:49

... DU TEMPS DES RÊVES.

PLUS DE 80 TABLEAUX DE TIGRES SONT PRESENTES DANS UNE GRANDE EXPOSITION CONSACREE A CET ANIMAL DU 19 AU 28 JANVIER DANS LE VILLAGE CHINOIS DE  (source : China Daily, ce jour). EN VOICI DEUX (EN FIN DE PAGE).

Le tigre est central dans la culture chinoise. Jusqu'à la première moitié du siècle dernier, le pays hébergeait toutes les variétés (cinq) de tigres continentaux (l'Inde n'en possédait que deux).

Lors de l'optimum neolithique humide, des centaines de milliers de ces félins parcouraient le territoire. A partir de la période historique, ce fut aussi le cas à chaque grave crise sociopolitique de l'Empire, tous les 400 ou 500 ans, et ce au moins jusqu'au 17ème siècle (et même peut - être jusqu'au 19ème). SUR LE TEMPS LONG, LA CHINE MERITE LE NOM DE ROYAUME DU MILLION DE TIGRES.

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

Guests at the opening ceremony of the tiger painting exhibition. [Photo/chinadaily.com.cn]

An exhibition of tiger paintings debuted on Jan 19 in the Art Treasures Museum of the Chinese Nation, and will be open until Jan 28. Over 80 tiger paintings are on display, created by peasant artists from the China Arts Calligraphy and Painting Academy.

The academy is based in Wanggongzhuang village, widely known as the Number 1 village for Tiger Paintings in China, nestled in the Minquan county of Henan province. The works on show belong to four peasant artists Ren Wei, Wang Jianmin, Xin Yonghong and Wang Jianfeng.

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

Fresh Butterfly 

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

 Making beautiful music - together

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

 Shenyu Art Treasures Exhibition opens in Beijing

Ren Wei, head of the China Arts Calligraphy and Painting Academy, and one of the four tiger painting masters, said at the opening ceremony of the exhibition, "We come from China's countryside, and we want to show the beauty of China's villages to the world."

"As we are peasant painters, we want to show that artists should not necessarily be a professor or have a high diploma," Ren told the reporter.

Wei Yuncheng, a senior staffer from the academy and the host of the opening ceremony,also said that the exhibition highlights the spirit of peasant artists who are pursuing their artistic dreams. Growing up in the remote countryside, they are stepping out to big cities in China and the whole world.

Ren fell in love with painting in his early childhood, as his grandfather and father were both wood engravers in his village. He was born in the year of the tiger, and especially loves drawing tigers.

"Each painting is reflecting the author's outlook on life and expressing the author's mood, so you have to feel it from the bottom of your heart, and try to understand what the painter wants to say," Ren said.

The Wanggongzhuang village has a population of roughly 1,400, with more than half of the residents making a living by drawing tigers. Their drawings have been sold to other cities in China, and even foreign countries. The village has driven the economic growth in the adjacent villages and counties with its painting business.

The exhibition is co-hosted by the Art Treasures Museum of the Chinese Nation and the China Arts Calligraphy and Painting Academy. These tiger paintings will be exhibited nationwide eventually, as well as in America and Germany, according to Ren Wei.

Address: 5th floor of Art Treasures Museum of the Chinese Nation, No 24 Jinyuchizhongqu, Dongcheng district (Near North Gate of the Temple of Heaven)

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

Heads from the sponsors: Ren Wei (2nd,L), head of the academy; Xin Yonghong (1st,R), deputy head of the academy; Wei Yuncheng (1st,L), senior staffer of the academy and the host of the ceremony; Chen Siguang (M), head of the museum; Zhao Xiuzhen (2nd,R), deputy head of the museum. [Photo/chinadaily.com.cn]

 

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

Tiger paintings on display at the opening ceremony. [Photo/chinadaily.com.cn]

 

Lifelike tiger paintings on display

Tiger paintings on display at the exhibition hall. [Photo/chinadaily.com.cn]

 

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21 janvier 2013 1 21 /01 /janvier /2013 05:37

Tués dans des combats territoriaux, dans la même région.

1.Mort d'un mâle de 10 ans dans un conflit territorial avec un congénère (Source : Times of India, ce jour).

Carcass of tiger killed in territory battle found
A territorial fight between two tigers resulted in the death of a 10-year-old male tiger near Maya River at Gejalatti in Bhavanisagar range.

 

ERODE: A territorial fight between two tigers resulted in the death of a 10-year-old male tiger near Maya River at Gejalatti in Bhavanisagarrange. The carcass, which was a few days old, was identified by forest officials who were on a routine visit to the area. By then, hyenas and others had consumed much of the flesh.

Conservator of forest, Erode, A Venkatesh, visited the spot and said the body was found when the foresters were on a routine visit. "The tigers had a territorial fight. The dead tiger must have been older than the one that killed him," he said.

S. Bernard, a forest ranger, said there were pug marks in an area of about 40 to 50 sq ft. "The marks revealed that the tigers had begun the fight from the river bank and had fought all around the area," he said. There were other indications in the area that the tiger succumbed in a territorial fight. Its skull was broken, blood spilt around and there were marks of struggle on its body apart from the pug marks on the soil of both the tigers. All these are indications of a ferocious fight, he said.

Forest officials said the post-mortem report confirmed that the animal was a 10-year-old male tiger. Tigers are solitary animals that are possessive of their territory. The territorial area maintained by a tiger ranges from 5 km to more than 30 km, depending on its age, availability of prey and territorial conditions. Some reports say tigers in the wild live up to 12 years. However, they are known to live above the age of 15 in captivity.

 

UN ANIMAL PLUS JEUNE (DEUX ANS) A AUSSI ETE RETROUVE MORT.

Source : The Hindu, aujourd'hui.

A two-year-old tiger was found dead with some animal bite marks in a forest area of the Erode district, officials said.

The male tiger cub was found inside a bush on the banks of River Moyaru within Thengumarahatta forest by forest personnel on a routine patrol last evening, officials said.

Veterinarians, who examined the tiger, said it could have been killed in a fight with grown up animals mainly tigers.

Officials buried the carcass after post-mortem.

 

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19 janvier 2013 6 19 /01 /janvier /2013 05:12

Suite à mes articles "les "fossiles" sont toujours vivants" et "a wilder place than imagined" des 26 septembre et 1er novembre 2012.

Source : Siberian Times, 15 janvier 2013.

By The Siberian Times reporter
15 January 2013

The development is in an area of the world that claims to have one of the highest number of sightings of a legendary creature also known as Bigfoot.

Igor Idimeshev, 48: 'We are building the Yeti Park now, and of course there will be a chance for people who come here to see creature. For me having Yetis here means something much more than the tourist attraction'.

The new Yeti Park will be constructed at Sheregesh ski resort, in the stunning Shoria Mountain area of Kemerovo region in southern Siberia. The development comes with a pledge by the region's governor Aman Tuleyev to offer a one million rouble ($33,000) reward to anyone who can catch a Yeti and prove its existence. 

'I'll pay a million to anyone who will find the Yeti and bring it to see the me. I'll sit down with him, chat and have a cup of tea', he promised.

Critics see the Yeti Park - with a hotel and a themed children's playground - as a crude attempt to bring in both Russian and foreign tourists.

'We can see how Scotland exploits the Loch Ness Monster, who why can't we do the same with the Yeti?' admitted one official. 'We hope people will come from all over the world.'

Recent tours to remote caves in the region have found samples of Yeti hair, though various promises of definitive DNA research on them have somehow failed to materialise. 

Despite this, local officials insist the Yeti is real, even if Igor Idimeshev, 48, deputy head of the local administration in Sheregesh, and the man behind the new park, has a novel explanation for its existence. 

'I've seen this creature several times', he said. 'I think it is most likely of the extraterrestrial origin, not from this world. The Yeti might suddenly disappear and re-materialise. Another extraordinary thing is that Yeti's hair is luminous at night, and also that the Yeti can walk on water.'

Later in an interview with The Siberian Times, he elaborated on his close encounters with the Yeti, despite admitting his mother told him not to tell people because they would not believe him.

'I've met these creatures several times here in Tashtagol district and also in the area where I was born in the village of Toz close to Zelenaya Mountain. 

Yeti hotel Siberia

Mountain Mustag, Sheregesh, Shoria. Picture: Igor Idimeshev

'I saw it several times before I moved here to Sheregesh. Each time I was on my own, I was hunting. The only person I ever told everything in detail to was my mother - and she taught me to keep it to myself. 

'People will simply think you've made it up', she told me.  

'We people of Shoria do not use the name 'Yeti', instead we call these creatures Big Men. Every man round here sees him when he hunts. It's all right to mention the fact of meeting - but we don't go into the details of it, like where exactly it was, what he did do, or your luck will be gone forever. 

'The feeling is one of fear. It is a fear that you cannot explain rationally. You feel yourself very scared and tense at the same time. One of the closest comparisons is the feeling of looking into a wolf's eyes. If you've ever seen them - I mean a wild wolf,  not a caged animal - you remember a feeling of them being something very unusual, alien. 

'Like with a wolf, you can see a Yeti's eyes from a distance of some 100-150 metres. They are quite hypnotising. And when I saw the Yeti's eyes my only thought was that they are not from Earth - they are clearly of an extraterrestrial nature. 

'To me, the Yeti is an extraterrestrial creature. I believe that it is like a controller to look over things here on Earth. 

I can understand why people do not notice creations like this. We were designed and created to live in a very smart way to protect our minds from information that can damage them. Put it simply - we ignore things that we can't explain, which is very wise, people otherwise would go insane.

On more mundane aspects of the Yeti, he said: 'I would not be able to give an estimate of the Yeti's size.

'It certainly looked big. Bigger than a human. I didn't go to have a look at his footprints, or check for any other material proof of his existence. Believe me, this is not what you want to do right after seeing it. You feel scared. 

'We are building the Yeti Park now, and of course there will be a chance for people who come here to see creature. For me having Yetis here means something much more than the simple tourist attraction'.

He stressed: 'We will have a dedicated plot of land for Yeti park, where anyone can see it. We will organise a museum, exhibiting all Yeti-related objects, like the trees they make into arches, and many other things. This location will be used for all future conferences and seminars devoted to the Yeti'.

The Yeti theme is 'important for the region', he said. 

Yeti hotel Siberia


Yeti hotel Siberia


Yeti hotel Siberia

Top to bottom: man picks up what later is presented as a 'Yeti's hair'; members of Yeti expedition enter Azasskaya Cave, Siberia; close up and measure of the so-called Yeti's hair. Pictures: Vesti TV Russia, The Siberian Times

Last year Professor Valentin Sapunov claimed a population of 200 Yeti exist in  the Kemerovo, Khakassia and Altai regions of Siberia. Sapunov is a doctor of Biological Sciences and Chief Fellow of Russian State HydroMeteorological University.

But his claims on tests of hair found in a cave in this region, which suggested they belonged to an unknown mammal, were strongly disputed by Professor Oleg Pugachev, Director of the Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences.

In September last year, three separate sightings of Yeti were reported in southern Siberia.

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18 janvier 2013 5 18 /01 /janvier /2013 08:17

L'AVENIR DES TIGRES DE SUMATRA PASSE PAR UNE EXTENSION DES ZONES DE "CONCESSIONS FORESTIERES" PRESERVEES DE L'EXPLOITATION. CECI CONCERNE NOTAMMENT LES 14,5 MILLIONS D'HECTARES DE TOURBIERES, COEUR DE L'HABITAT DU TIGRE DE LA PLUS GRANDE ÎLE D'INDONESIE.

Source : Mongabay.com du 15 janvier.Voir aussi en fin de page l'article détaillé établissant la corrélation entre destruction des milieux naturels et intensification des conflits mortels pour tous entre tigres et êtres humains (Mongabay.com du 10 janvier).

Despite opposition from the powerful palm oil industry, Indonesia should extend its two-year moratorium on new logging and agricultural concessions in carbon-dense peatlands and forests, said a top forestry official.

Indonesia's moratorium, which is set to expire this May, was signed in 2011 under a $1 billion climate change mitigation agreement with Norway. The moratorium has made 14.5 million hectares of peatlands and forests off-limits to new concessions. It aims to encourage agricultural expansion in degraded, non-forest areas which cover vast extents of Indonesia. But for now its fate is uncertain.

Hadi Daryanto, secretary general of the Ministry of Forestry, told Reuters that he hopes the moratorium would be extended.

"The ministry of forestry would like to continue the moratorium and provide degraded land for business," said Daryanto. "We have had success with the moratorium."

The moratorium has faced heavy criticism from both environmentalists and industries most closely associated with deforestation. Green activists have complained that loopholes in the moratorium allow companies to continue exploiting forests while the palm oil, pulp and paper, and logging sectors have balked at any measure that restricts their expansion.

The effect of the moratorium to date is uncertain. Unlike Brazil, Indonesia does not release regular updates of deforestation and forest degradation. Nonetheless the moratorium has ushered in a movement toward more transparency around land use and renewed scrutiny of enforcement of Indonesia's environmental laws. Last year, in a case that was widely seen as a litmus test for Indonesia's willingness to enforce the moratorium, a court revoked the operating permit of a palm oil company found to be flagrantly violating the moratorium by clearing protected peatlands in Sumatra.

Still deforestation and forest degradation account for the bulk of Indonesia's total emissions. If the country hopes to meet its 2020 target for reducing emissions, it must move toward curtailing conversion of peat swamps and rainforests for plantations.

 

Destruction of rainforests and peatlands on the Indonesian island of Sumatra by the pulp and paper industry is worsening conflict between tigers and humans, including fatal encounters, alleges a new report published by a coalition of environmental groups in Riau, Sumatra.

Eyes on the Forest (EoF) — an alliance that includes Friends of the Earth (Walhi) Riau, Jikalahari, and WWF-Indonesia — published SMG/APP deforestation and deadly human-tiger conflict as part of its ongoing campaign to highlight conversion of natural forests in Riau province for industrial timber plantations. The report looks specifically at five concessions operated by companies that supply wood to Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) and its corporate parent, the Sinar Mas Group (SMG). The report says that the majority of human-tiger conflict incidents in Riau between 1997 and 2009 occurred within these concessions.

"Most violent conflict between people and tigers in Sumatra’s Riau Province between 1997 and 2009 occurred near deforestation sites operated by wood suppliers for Asia Pulp & Paper of the Sinar Mas Group (SMG/APP). At least 147 of 245 or 60% of all conflicts, resulting in 27 human deaths (49%), 8 tiger deaths (53%) and 14 tiger capture & relocations (82%) occurred in an area called Senepis, where five APP/SMG supplier concessions have been clearing natural forest since 1999."


2009-2011 human tiger conflict locations in Kerumutan, Riau Province. According to the report, "the locations of three additional incidents in August-September 2011 could not be exactly identified"


The report alleges that conflict has continued since 2009, including nine human deaths and three dead tigers. Seven people suffered injuries, while one "problem" tiger was taken into captivity. That tiger, named "Bima", now lives in a zoo on the island of Java under the care of a team from the Ministry of Forestry. APP says the plan is to release the tiger back into the wild.

"Bima will be released at Riau Tiger Sanctuary by the Ministry of Forestry team," Aida Greenbury, APP's vice president of sustainability, told mongabay.com. "The MoF team is currently in the process [of assessing] the release site."

However, Eyes on the Forest is critical of APP's handling of the tiger issue. The report argues that despite three human fatalities in the Pulau Muda forest management unit, APP has continued to source wood from the clearing of high conservation value forest (HCVF) that serves as key tiger habitat.

"APP has self-congratulated itself to solve human wildlife conflicts by removing from the wild critically endangered species that cause trouble. But that trouble appears to be a direct result of the company’s own operations: large-scale deforestation of critical tiger habitats. Its self-portrayal as a 'tiger conservation' company appears to be one of the most cynical examples of greenwashing by SMG/APP to date."



Sumatran tiger killed in an APP supplier’s concession inside the UNESCO Biosphere reserve’s buffer zone in September 2010
Sumatran tiger killed in an APP supplier’s concession inside the UNESCO Biosphere reserve’s buffer zone in September 2010 © WWF-Indonesia


APP says it abides by Indonesian forestry laws. It recently established a "Sustainability Roadmap" which calls for a phasing out of fiber sourced through clearance of rainforests and peatlands. But environmental groups — including Eyes on the Forest — have been sharply critical of the plan, noting that it further delays targets for ending rainforest conversion.

Sumatra lost 7.5 million hectares of forest between 1990 and 2010. Conversion for palm oil and pulp and paper production is the biggest driver of deforestation in Sumatra.

Riau Province accounted for 42 percent of forest loss on the island, which is the only place on Earth where rhinos, orangutans, elephants, and tigers can be found living in the same habitat.

The Sumatran tiger is critically endangered due to habitat loss and poaching on the island of Sumatra. It is Indonesia last tiger species — the Javan and Bali tigers are believed to have gone extinct during the 20th century.

APP is one of Indonesia's largest pulp and paper producers. Operating in areas rich with biodiversity and rife with conflicting land claims, APP had struggled with allegations of environmental and human rights transgressions. Accordingly, in recent years APP suffered a number of high profile customer defections, which have made it more difficult for the company to meet debt obligations and raise capital for expansion. Nonetheless, APP's parent Sinar Mas is reportedly planning to develop a massive new pulp mill in South Sumatra. It is unclear whether there are sufficient plantation stocks to meet expected fiber demand, raising fears that the new mill could drive further deforestation.

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18 janvier 2013 5 18 /01 /janvier /2013 06:09

LE CORPS D'UN  TIGRE A ETE RETROUVE HIER, APRES CELUI D'UN JEUNE DECOUVERT LE 6 JANVIER, ET L'ABATTAGE D'UNE TIGRESSE PRESUMEE DANGEREUSE LE 12. Source: Times of India, aujourd'hui. Et en fin d'article, réactualisation dans le Times of India du 19 janvier.

NAGPUR: Maharashtra, that calls itself the 'best tiger state', lost another tiger on Thursday. This is the third tiger death in the past 12 days. On January 6, a tiger was found dead near Ekara (Bhuj) in South Brahmapuri in Chandrapur. On January 12, a problem tigress was shot dead in Sonzari near Navegaon National Park and on January 17, putrefied carcass of a young tiger was found in Palora beat in Deolapar range in buffer of Pench tiger reserve.

The spot where the tiger was found is 15km from Pench reserve but just 6km from Mansinghdeo sanctuary. Although exact cause of death is not known, tiger is suspected to have died of electrocution, thanks to the negligence of MSEDCL staff that once again did not report it. The tall claims of protection by forest staff were also exposed as the carcass lay in forest for 15 days without anyone spotting it.

According to sources, the putrefied carcass was found in compartment 582 in Harnakund nullah at 3pm. The tiger is young and lay 24 metres from a 11kv electric line passing over the spot. The area is 270 metres on left of Nagpur-Jabalpur highway. A source said skin of the tiger looks charred. An electric wire was also found near the spot indicating that it must have been connected to 11kv line to kill wild animal. They also said there were cattle kills in the area where carcass was found.

However, P K Mahajan, deputy conservator of forests (DyCF), Nagpur division, said, "it is too early to say whether the animal died of poisoning or electrocution. Only a post-mortem, to be conducted on Friday, will reveal the cause. Portion below the tiger's abdomen was badly decomposed and we could know it was tiger only from the stripes on skin."

Honorary district wildlife warden Kundan Hate will be present as National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) representative and Sanjay Deshpande will represent chief wildlife warden SWH Naqvi during post mortem. Chief conservator of forest (CCF) and Pench field director M S Reddy, who too rushed to the spot, suggested calling in dog squad in Chandrapur to provide clues in such cases.

Interestingly, the incident came to light a day after a training session by Nitin Desai, Central India director of Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI), for forest staff and MSEDCL employees on Wednesday specifically about detecting electrocution cases of poaching. The drive was launched on Thursday. "Shockingly, not a single MSEDCL employee attended the training session perhaps knowing well that a tiger had died due to electrocution in Harnakund nullah," sources said.

"When crores of rupees are being spent to save tigers, the casual patrolling and protection from top to bottom seems disgusting. The head of the forest force (HoFF) has not called a meeting on protection of forest and wildlife demanded four months ago," alleged Siraj Patel, central president of Maharashtra State Forest Guards, Forest Employees and Forest Labourers Union.

Mahajan admitted negligence on part of field staff who failed to notice the carcass of the tiger in 15 days.

 

Actualisation dans le Times of India du 19 janvier : les employés accusés de négligence ont été sanctionnés. Le tigre semble avoir été tué par un piège électrique destinée à un ongulé ...

 

NAGPUR: Chief conservator of forests (CCF) for Nagpur Circle SH Patil has ordered the suspension of two forest employees over the poaching of a tiger in Harnakund nullah in the buffer zone of Pench tiger reserve, 55km from Nagpur, on Thursday.

"The decomposing tiger carcass lay at the spot for over two weeks and the negligent field staff failed to notice it. They have to move in the entire beat once in 15 days, which they did not do," said Patil. Those suspended are forest guard BS Atkar and van majoor RD Uikey.

Patil said electrocution may have been the cause of the tiger's death, but the poachers were most probably targeting herbivores by laying the live wires.

Honorary district wildlife warden Kundan Hate and chief wildlife warden's representative Sanjay Deshpande also searched the area near Harnakund after the post mortem. They came across a bamboo with hooks, wires and wooden pegs fixed into the ground. "This indicates that poachers used the material to kill wild animals. This material was not noticed by the forest staff," Hate said.

"It is a clear case of poaching since the tiger's skull, nails, pelvic girdle bones and paws were missing. It also cannot be ruled out that the poachers killed the animal elsewhere and dumped it in the nullah to destroy evidence," said Hate.

Although the post mortem report is yet to be submitted, veterinary doctors from Deolapar, Hiwra and Ramtek were of the opinion that the tiger was electrocuted.

A dog trained to give leads in wildlife crimes did not prove to be of much help in the investigation since a lot of time had elapsed after the crime.

Hate also slammed MSEDCL officials, and suggested they should be booked for the death of the tiger. "The power company officials are not serious about the issue, and are not coordinating with the forest department in sharing tripping data," Hate said.

He added that power supply in the area tripped regularly during the night hours since January 1, but data was not given to the forest staff. It is also surprising that the forest staff did not know about the tiger's presence when villagers used to regularly sight the animal in the same forest.

A senior official said the electrocution theory is also strengthened by the death of a villager on January 2 due to electric shock. Radheshyam Wadhve of Khatta, 2km from the spot, had been electrocuted, said sources. It is now feared that when poachers saw Wadhve dead, they dumped his body on the highway to show he died in a road accident. Harnakund is just 270 metres away from the highway.

The tiger carcass was 15 days old and matches the period when Wadhve died. Deolapar police confirmed Wadhve's death near Harnakund, but said it was a case of accidental death. However, police admitted that those who reported the matter were evasive about how Wadhve died, but later claimed he was hit by a vehicle while returning from Ramtek.

"I'm investigating Wadhve's links too and will go to any length to crack the case," said AR Sheikh, range forest officer (RFO) of Deolapar.

Senior forest officials admitted that the newly promoted RFOs are ill-equipped to handle such exigencies, as they are yet to get experience, which comes over the years.

"It is really disturbing that despite getting promotions, better pay, good vehicles, necessary equipment and newly recruited staff, tigers continue to die a horrible death. The staff will have to change their mindset. You don't need guns to save tigers, but the right attitude," said young naturalists Vineet Arora and Haseeb Badar.

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18 janvier 2013 5 18 /01 /janvier /2013 05:30

CREATION DU PARC NATIONAL "BERINGIE" EN TCHOUKOTKA, ET PONT TERRESTRE AVEC LES ETATS - UNIS. Source : WWF Russie, hier.

 

Hier, le premier ministre russe Dmitri Medvedev a signé le décret de création du Parc national dans la partie orientale de la péninsule des Tchouktches. Celle - ci est composée de cinq parcelles d'une superficie totale de 18000 km2, dont 3000 sont marins. La péninsule abrite des sources chaudes, des sites archéologiques et du patrimoine historique et culturel, en premier lieu celui des Tchouktches et des Inuits. La région est aussi le centre de la biodiversité végétale, avec plus de 1000 espèces et sous espèces de plantes. Des animaux comme l'ours polaire, le mouflon d'Amérique, le morse du Pacifique, le saumon, sont également présents. Rodion Sivolobov, naturaliste de terrain qui vit dans la région depuis plus de 20 ans, pense que des tigres et des léopards des neiges se trouvent également en ces lieux (dossier transmis par Evgeny Kashkarov, avec photos d'empreintes, voir aussi articles sur ce blog : "Cette profusion qui vient" : 23 mai 2012, et "Etoiles polaires" du 3 décembre 2012).

 
La mise en place d'un pôle protégé va bientôt commencer côté américain, de même que la constitution du pont terrestre entre les deux territoires.


Il aura fallu plus de 20 ans pour finaliser les accords politiques et mettre sur pied les modalités concrètes pour cette forme de réunification de la Béringie. C'est en juin 1990 qu'URSS et USA avaient décidé d'organiser un parc international de la Tchoukotka et de l'Alaska, pour à la fois préserver la biodiversité exceptionnelle de la région, son complexe culturel unique, et assurer son développement socio - économique.


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