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17 janvier 2013 4 17 /01 /janvier /2013 08:37

... COMME TOUJOURS!

EN L'ABSENCE DE RESEAU STRUCTURE DE BRACONNAGE, LES TIGRES SEMBLENT DESORMAIS PROSPERER DANS LES FORÊTS D'INDE MERIDIONALE (Times of India, ce jour). LES TIGRES ADAPTENT LEUR TEMPORALITE QUAND ILS PARTAGENT L'ESPACE AVEC LES HOMMES : VOIR A LA FIN DE CETTE PAGE  LE RESUME D'UNE ETUDE SUR LE SUJET REALISEE AU NEPAL QUI MET EN LUMIERE LES STRATEGIES DE COHABITATION NON CONFLICTUELLES ADOPTEES PAR LES FELINS.

axO

 

COIMBATORE: Tigers are thriving in the forests of southern India, thanks to the absence of organised poaching gangs here. Recent studies have confirmed that tiger reserves in the south have a better record of conservation that the northern reserves. Officials indicate that the tiger population in the south is on the rise because poaching is low key and less organised.

It's not that tiger killings aren't reported at all. Officials contend that most of these are 'incidental crimes' committed by those who get a tiger while trying to kill a deer. They also get caught while trying to sell the tiger skins.

However, poaching is a serious problem in many parts of the country. Traps to capture the animals are readily available in the open in Orissa and Assam. Demand for tiger products too is high in countries like China where tiger bones are used to prepare native medicines. There are tiger farms in China, but the wild tigers are in more demand than those at the farms.

In states like Madhya Pradesh and Haryana, there are certain tribes like the Bawarias, Behelias, and the Katnis, who are gypsies who reportedly poach as well as trade in tigers. The poachers use methods which are simple but painful. They lay traps which are kept on paths to spots frequented by the animals like a pond. Tigers get trapped in them and poachers who lie in waiting nearby kill them and remove their skin and other parts. They know the mechanisms of poaching and the routes which makes detection impossible without precise intelligence.

According to the census data of the tigers released in 2011 by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, there are around 1,706 tigers in the country out of which 534 tigers are in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Karnataka with 300 tigers has the highest number of tigers among Indian states.

 

STRATEGIES DES GRANDS FELINS NEPALAIS POUR ASSURER UNE COHABITATION PACIFIQUE AVEC LES COMMUNAUTES HUMAINES DANS UN ESPACE COMMUN (étude publiée l'été dernier).

Tigers don’t have a reputation for being accommodating, but a new study indicates that the feared and revered carnivores in and around a world-renowned park in Nepal are taking the night shift to better coexist with their human neighbors.

The revelation that tigers and people are sharing exactly the same space – such as the same roads and trails – of Chitwan National Park flies in the face of long-held convictions in tiger conservation circles. It also underscores how successful conservation efforts need sciences that takes into account both nature and humans.

“As our planet becomes more crowded, we need to find creative solutions that consider both human and natural systems,” said Jianguo “Jack” Liu, who with PhD student Neil Carter and three Nepalese scholars wrote a paper published in this week’s Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). “Sustainability can be achieved if we have a good understanding of the complicated connections between both worlds. We’ve found something very interesting is happening in Nepal that holds promise for both humans and nature to thrive.”

Liu is the director of the Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) at Michigan State University, where Carter studies.

Conventional conservation wisdom is that tigers need lots of people-free space, which often leads to people being relocated or their access to resources compromised to make way for tigers.


Neil Carter aligns a camera trap in ChitwanCarter spent two seasons setting motion-detecting camera traps for tigers, their prey and people who walk the roads and trails of Chitwan, both in and around the park. Chitwan, nestled in a valley of the Himalayas, is home to about 121 tigers. People live on the park’s borders, but rely on the forests for ecosystem services such as wood and grasses. They venture in on dirt roads and narrow footpaths to be ‘snared’ on Carter’s digital memory cards. The roads also are used by military patrols to thwart would-be poachers.

Carter’s analysis of the thousands of images show that people and tigers are walking the same paths, albeit at different times. Tigers typically move around at all times of the day and night, monitoring their territory, mating and hunting. But in the study area, Carter and his colleagues discovered that the tigers had become creatures of the night. The camera’s infrared lights document a pronounced shift toward nocturnal activity. People in Nepal generally avoid the forests at night. Essentially, quitting time for people signals starting time for Chitwan’s tigers. So far, it appears tiger population numbers are holding steady despite an increase in human population size.

“It’s a very fundamental conflict over resources,” Carter said. “Tigers need resources, people need the same resources. If we operate under the traditional wisdom that tigers only can survive with space dedicated only for them, there would always be conflict. If your priority is people, tigers lose out. If yourWomen gathering grass in Chitwan priority is tigers, people lose out.

“Conditions for tigers in Chitwan are good,” he continued. “Prey numbers are high, forests outside the park are regenerating, and poaching of tigers and their prey is relatively low. However, people of different stripes, including tourists and local residents, frequent the forests of Chitwan. Tigers need to use the same space as people if they are to have a viable long-term future. What we’re learning in Chitwan is that tigers seem to be adapting to make it work.”

Carter’s cameras give a rare look at activity.  Tigers globally may be out of sight, but not out of mind. Since the start of the 20th century, the world’s population of wild tigers has dropped by 97 percent to approximately 3,000 individuals. The world’s remaining tigers are being pushed into small spaces, and being able to share that space with humans is a critical survival skill.

“There appears to be a middle ground where you might actually be able to protect the species at high densities and give people access to forest goods they need to live,” Carter said. “If that’s the case, then this can happen in other places, and the future of tigers is much brighter than it would be otherwise.”

 

COMMENTAIRE DE SHAITANA KRISHNA (MONGABAY, 29 JANVIER) - qui renforce la nécessité des protocoles de capture/recapture, effarouchement et autres méthodes non létales (voir "Apprentissage véritable" du 6 février).

Nepal's Chitwan National Park was the site of a study, published in September 2012 by Carter and others, which concluded that, tigers coexist with humans at fine spatial scales. This paper has ignited a scientific debate regarding its implications for large carnivore conservation worldwide, with scientists at institutions worldwide questioning the validity of claims of coexistence. At the foundation of this debate, perhaps, is the unresolved question, "what is coexistence"? For some, 'coexistence' is a situation of mutual well-being, devoid of conflict. Carter and colleagues equate coexistence to humans and tigers using the same spatial locations, albeit at different times of the day. Whether such a definition, bereft of other influences, including dispersal, human-wildlife conflict and human perceptions of tigers is appropriate for the purposes of a conservation paradigm needs to be re-examined.

Tigers have been studied at Chitwan National Park since the 1970s and there is a rich body of knowledge on various aspects of their biology. Eminent carnivore biologist, Professor Melvin E Sunquist, noted that while tigers in Chitwan were mostly active at night, some daytime activity also occurred. The tigers, he concluded were matching their activity patterns with that of their prey. Tigers do not take the 'night shift' at Chitwan National Park just to 'coexist' with people, they have, in fact, evolved so. There is evidence that tigers are avoiding people in other ways. During the day, Carter and his colleagues found that tigers were four times more active inside the Park, which has fewer people as compared to outside the Park where there are more people. Moreover, the chances of detecting a tiger increased in areas further away from human settlements, perhaps indicating lower tiger activity with an increment in human presence. Moreover, tiger densities in these areas are 65-75% less than the density of 18 tigers per 100 km2 reported by Adam Barlow and colleagues in a different part of Chitwan! Thus avoidance was clearly occurring in space.

A clue to the low tiger densities in these areas lies in the mechanism of tiger dispersal. Sub-adult tigers or transients, leave their natal area and stake their claim to a piece of forest they can call home. Dispersal is a period of high risk in the lives of these territorial animals. Long-term tiger biologist Professor James L. David Smith studied tiger dispersal at Chitwan and found that while almost all female sub-adults established territories next to their mothers, male sub-adults moved away to poorer quality habitats, often coming into conflict with humans. Eventually, out of the ten young male tigers Professor Smith closely studied, only four survived. Such areas where a considerable number of tiger deaths occur are 'sinks' for tiger populations. A landscape comprising such 'sinks' in addition to regions of high survival for the species, or 'sources', forms the basis of the current conservation strategy for the species. Senior scientist at Wildlife Conservation Society, Dr. Ullas Karanth, warns that confusing human-dominated 'sinks' with 'sources' could sound the death knell for this endangered species.

A crucial obstacle to the consideration of coexistence as a conservation strategy in the Chitwan landscape is the high incidence of human-tiger conflict around the park. A study undertaken by Bhim Bahadur Gurung and colleagues suggests that as many as ninety people have been killed by tigers in the Chitwan landscape in the last three decades, while up to 20 tigers have been killed or captured as a management intervention by park authorities in the same period. The trend indicates that the incidence of conflict is increasing and human casualties attributed to tigers within the last decade at Chitwan were 9 times higher than casualties occurring in Bardia National Park. Bardia, also located in Nepal, is similar in size to Chitwan and has a comparable tiger density of 20 animals per 100 km2, as reported by Per Wegge and others. However, Bardia differs from Chitwan in one aspect; there is minimal overlap between tigers and humans, even in the buffer, reports biologist Babu Ram Bhattarai. The negative consequences of conflict in Chitwan is expressed in the perspectives of humans towards tigers and their conservation; in another study, Carter and colleagues report that 40% of the interviewees living adjacent to Chitwan National Park believe that, "tigers are a nuisance and that there is not enough room for both tigers and people in the nearby forests".

According to the BBC, increasing human-wildlife conflict in Nepal has resulted in government officials wanting to cap growth of wild animal populations in protected areas, including that of the already endangered tiger. In the face of these developments, mere spatial overlaps between humans and tigers cannot be touted as 'coexistence' in Chitwan. Research in multiple-use areas having implications for wildlife conservation and human well-being should reflect the on ground realities of both actors living in close proximity to each other.



CITATIONS: Varun R Goswami, Divya Vasudev, Divya Karnad, Y Chaitanya Krishna, Meghna Krishnadas, Milind Pariwakam, Tarun Nair, Anish Andheria, Sachin Sridhara, and Imran Siddiqui. 2013. Conflict of human-wildlife coexistence. PNAS 110(2): E108.

Abhishek Harihar, Pranav Chanchani, Rishi Kumar Sharma, Joseph Vattakaven, Sanjay Gubbi, Bivash Pandav, and Barry Noon. 2013. Conflating "co-occurrence" with "coexistence". PNAS 110(2): E109.

K Ullas Karanth, Arjun M Gopalaswamy, Krithi K Karanth, John Goodrich, John Seidensticker, and John G Robinson. 2013. Sinks as saviors: Why flawed inference cannot assist tiger recovery. PNAS 110(2): E110.

Carter, N. H., Shrestha, B. K., Karki, J. B., Pradhan, N. M. B., & Liu, J. 2013. Reply to Goswami et al., Harihar et al., and Karanth et al.: Fine-scale interactions between tigers and people. PNAS 110(2), E111-E112.

Carter, N. H., et al 2012. Coexistence between wildlife and humans at fine spatial scales. 10.1073/pnas.1210490109 PNAS September 18, 2012 vol. 109 no. 38 15360-15365



Chaitanya Krishna

 

 


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17 janvier 2013 4 17 /01 /janvier /2013 07:51

RUSSIE ET BENGLA DESH VONT RENFORCER LEUR COOPERATION POUR LA SAUVEGARDE DE LEURS GRANDS FELINS (QUELQUES CENTAINES DANS CHAQUE PAYS, VIVANT DANS DES  FORÊTS ALLUVIALES POUR LES UNS, DANS DE VASTES MANGROVES POUR LES AUTRES.

Source : site du Président de Russie

http://programmes.putin.kremlin.ru/en/tiger/news/22406

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17 janvier 2013 4 17 /01 /janvier /2013 05:26

L'IMPLICATION EFFECTIVE ET CONCRETE DE LA POLICE RUSSE DANS LA LUTTE CONTRE LE BRACONNAGE S'ACCROIT (source : Phoenix Fund, hier).

Cracking Down on Wildlife Trafficking

This news is excerpted from an official press release posted on   http://mvd.ru/news/item/774129/

Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation continues to take an active role in implementation of state policy aimed at protection of endangered species listed in the Russia’s Red Book.  Recently, a series of crime-prevention operations was held in the Russian Far East in order to prevent illegal capture and killing of rare and endangered animals, including the Amur tiger.

For example, a few days ago police officers discovered an Amur tiger skin illegally transported by train from Vladivostok to Khabarovsk. (See detail by RIA Novosti, at the end of this article). Experts suspect the skin to belong to that of a tiger cub less than 18 months old. A bullet hole in the skin indicates that the animal was probably killed by poachers. Now, police officers are conducting thorough investigation in order to identify people involved in that crime. The skin reportedly was bound for Moscow to make a good hunting trophy for sale.

Also, the other day a set of tiger bones were found by police in Vladivostok as a result of painstaking investigation. The parts of tiger skeleton were intended for sale and further use in traditional Asian medicine. 

 

VLADIVOSTOK, January 15 (RIA Novosti) - Police have found and seized the hide of an Amur tiger on a train in Russia’s Far East, the regional transport police department said on Tuesday.

“According to experts, the hide belonged to a young tiger aged about 18 months. A bullet hole in it clearly shows that the animal was poached,” the department’s press service said in a statement.

The hide of the animal, listed as endangered species on the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), was found in a conductor’s compartment on a train from Vladivostok to Khabarovsk.

The conductor said an unknown man had asked him to hand the bag to a recipient in Khabarovsk. Paying to train conductors in order to deliver parcels promptly is a common practice in Russia, despite efforts by railroad management to do away with it.

“It is known to police that the hide was being transported to Moscow, where it was to be turned into a hunting trophy and sold abroad,” the statement reads.

An investigation is underway to find the organizer and perpetrators of the crime.

The population of the Amur tiger, one of six extant tiger subspecies, found only in Russia’s Far East and in some areas of Northern China, currently stands at some 450. Experts estimate that from 30 to 50 Amur tigers are killed by poachers and irresponsible hunters every year. Only four tiger poachers have been convicted since the fall of the Soviet Union.

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16 janvier 2013 3 16 /01 /janvier /2013 06:12

UNE ZONE TAMPON A LA RESERVE DES LEOPARDS DE L'AMOUR A ETE MISE EN PLACE HIER (source : WWF Russie, aujourd'hui).

ohrannaya-zona-dlya-saita karta.std

UNE CONDITION SINE QUA NON POUR UNE PROTECTION EFFECTIVE.

Résolution de l'Administration du Primorsky Kraï le 15 Janvier 2013. Création d'une zone tampon au parc national

« Terre de Leopard ". Celle cicouvre 82 hectares de l'habitat du tigre de l'Amour et du léopard dans les zones adjacentes au parc national, ainsi qu' à celle du district Nadezhda Khasan et celui de l'Oussouri (district urbain) de Primorsky Krai.

 

Désormais, 360 000 hectares dans le sud ouest du Primorye sont des territoires appliquant des mesures de protection spéciale des tigres et des léopards.


 Pourquoi faut-il une zone tampon du parc national? Pour adoucir l'impact de l'activité humaine sur les prédateurs et les ongulés.
Elle ne prend pas la terre des propriétaires et des utilisateurs. Mais la zone de sécurité du régime impose des restrictions sur leurs activités et crée les conditions les plus favorables pour le léopard. Certaines de ces restrictions:

  * La chasse collective a lieu dans les zones de chasse, ne peut maintenant être effectuée qu'en présence d'une personne qualifiée parmi les chasseurs, responsable de tout ce qui se passe pendant la chasse.
    
* La présence des chiens, qui peuvent présenter un danger pour les jeunes léopards, est interdite dans la zone tampon.
    
* La chasse aux animaux à fourrure et aux tétras est permise dans la zone tampon du 1er Octobre au 12 Janvier  sans l'utilisation de pièges  parce que ces engins  peuvent causer la mort d'un jeune léopard.
    
* Des protocoles de dynamisation des populations d'ongulés (cerfs, chevreuils, sangliers), proies des tigres et des léopards, seront mises en place :  champs semés avec des cultures différentes, fertilisation des sols, protection hivernale...

 

Il est aussi prévu des plantations de forêts pour prévenir les incendies et reconstituer les ecosystèmes altérés, et des modifications des pratiques urbanistiques.
 camets-nejinskii foto--iz-atlasa-dalnevostochnogo-leoparda.

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15 janvier 2013 2 15 /01 /janvier /2013 09:56

UNE TIGRESSE SAUVAGE ET SON PETIT RÔDENT AUX ALENTOURS D'UN ZOO. Source : Times of India, ce jour.

BHUBANESWAR: A tigress and her cub reportedly spotted in Chandaka Sanctuary area last month are suspected to be moving around Nandankanan zoo for the last couple of days. The zoo authorities have found pugmarks of the Royal Bengal Tigress and the cub. However, they said there is nothing to panic as the animals have not been sighted.

"We have not issued any alert to visitors because the pugmarks were seen in the sanctuary area where visitors have no access. We are alert and have taken all steps to locate the animals first," said deputy director of Nandankanan C R Mishra.

The pugmarks were seen near the Lion's Safari and a dumping yard of the zoo where animal wastes are thrown. "After discovering the pug marks, we first ensured that the wild cats are not among our inmates. Since the tigress and her cub are from the wild they usually won't come out in the open during the day," said another senior zoo officer.

Forest officials had traced pugmarks of a tigress and a cub at several places in the Chandaka-Dampada sanctuary for the first time on December 24 and many times thereafter at Talabasta, Banra, Deras and Pithakata inside the sanctuary area. Divisional forest officer of Chandaka-Dampada sanctuary S N Mohapatra said, "Though we have seen pugmarks and got information from villagers that they were roaming in the forest, no one has seen them so far."

According to wildlife experts, it is definitely a piece of good news that the tiger has been adopting this as its new habitat. "This has been a new trend among tigers that they are travelling from one forest to another. Most probably the tigress has been displaced from its territory and not able to find its habitat. If it accepts Chandaka as its new home then it's really good news," said Lala A K Singh, a wildlife expert.

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15 janvier 2013 2 15 /01 /janvier /2013 09:32

LE LAC DES CYGNES...QUI NE GELE JAMAIS. Source : Siberian Times, hier.

 

14 January 2013

These stunning images were taken by Russian photographer Alexander Tyryshkin on a unique Siberian lake that never freezes, no matter how cold the winter.

Locals say the first swans appeared here in 1967, and only 15 birds were recorded then. Now they number 350 annually with the numbers rising each year. Picture: Alex Tyryshkin

 

Most Whooper Swans fly much further south in search of a less harsh climate, but as the pictures show, January finds this stunning spot teeming with activity.

Its real name Svetloe Lake but to many locals it is known, not surprisingly, as Swan Lake. The nearby village - appropriately - is called Urozhainoe, which means 'Prolific'. 

'It was minus 25C when I was taking pictures of the swans', said Alexander, 30, who lives and works in this part of Siberia. 

'Svetloe' is a very special lake, fed by many warm springs that keep the water always above zero. Even when the air goes down to minus 40C, the water in the lake stays at around plus 5C or 6C.

'The name 'Svetloe' means 'Clear Lake' and the the waters are pristine and so transparent you can see all the way down to its depths. There are only two places in Russia where these Whooper Swans come for winter. This lake in Altai and another in the Anadyr district of Chukotka in the extreme east of the country. 

'These snow-white swans land here every December, though it is a fair recent phenomenon. 

Swan lake Siberia


Swan lake Siberia


Swan lake

People from the nearby village are very proud to have their own Swan Lake and treat the birds with enormous care and respect, and in return have the most rewarding swan songs (the bird is famous for its deep honking call) and the joy of watching them fly. Pictures: Alex Tyryshkin

 

'Locals say the first swans appeared here in 1967, and only 15 birds were recorded then. Now they number 350 annually with the numbers rising each year. 

'The birds leave for nesting to the northern polar areas of Siberia in March, and come back here with their young some nine months later. 

'Whooper Swans are extra cautious birds.  They need calm and quiet, so the access of people to the lake to see this remarkable sight is limited. 

'There is a special viewing point ten meters high with a panoramic view of the lake, built in a way that it doesn't disturb the birds. 

'There are also several floats designed specially for feeding the swans - they allow you to see these spectacular birds from a closer distance. 

Swan lake Siberia


Swan lake Siberia


Swan lake Siberia

Whooper Swans are extra cautious birds, needing calm and quiet, so the access of people to the lake to see this remarkable sight is limited. Pictures: Alex Tyryshkin

 

'People from the nearby village are very proud to have their own Swan Lake and treat the birds with enormous care and respect, and in return have the most rewarding swan songs (the bird is famous for its deep honking call) and the joy of watching them fly. 

'The Altai Region authorities protect Svetloe Lake as a part of the Swans' State Wildlife Preserve, which also acts as a big resting zone for hunting birds and animals during the hunting period. There is a team of keepers ensuring the non-stop feeding and security for all birds and animals. 

'The Whooper Swans are not the only birds to winter here. 

'Around 2,000 ducks also spend the coldest months with the swans - including the Mallard, the Goldeneye, the Redhead and the Tufted ducks, two kinds of Teals and Northern Pintails. Even the Grey Goose joins the flock'. 

Swan Lake Siberia


Swan Lake Siberia

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15 janvier 2013 2 15 /01 /janvier /2013 05:52

SUITE A L'ARTICLE "UN NOUVEL ORPHELIN", PUBLIE LE 10 JANVIER.

Source : Phoenix Fund, aujourd'hui 15 janvier..

 

Emergency Surgery To Save Tiger Cub
 


© Utyos Wildlife
Rehabilitation Centre 

On January 11th 2013, a 6-7-month-old female tiger cub named Svetlaya (Bright) underwent surgery at Utyos Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre. Only a day ago the young animal was rescued close to Svetlogorye village in the Russian Far East. The cub was reportedly extremely emaciated. Its right foreleg was injured after being caught in an illegal leg-hold trap. There were two lacerated wounds on its right foreleg with serious soft tissue injures. Finger bones were also traumatized. Vets put 27 stitches during a surgery. Now, the animal is kept under careful observation by Centre’s caretakers. We hope that the cub will completely recover after the surgery very soon.

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14 janvier 2013 1 14 /01 /janvier /2013 05:34

15 naissances possibles supprimées après l'élimination d'une jeune tigresse. Une configuration mal étudiée du secteur l'avait poussée à devenir mangeuse d'hommes.

Source : Times of India, hier.

NAGPUR: At a time when crores of rupees are being spent to save tigers, wildlife conservationists say the shooting of a young tigress near Malda-Sonzari village, around 20-25 km from Navegaon National Park in Gondia district, is murder.

"Instead of the tiger 'burning bright', it was now 'darkness at noon'," said Nishikant Mukherjee of Tiger Center, a NGO working for conservation around Kanha. "What lessons can we learn from this stark tragedy? We must now work on how tigers could be prevented from becoming man-eaters," he said.

"It is very unfortunate to lose a tigress this way. The public sentiments were largely against this animal. But, losing a young tigress also means a loss of 15 odd tigers that she would have brought into this world," said Nitin Desai, director for Central India, Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI).

"No doubt it was a difficult choice for wildlife managers. But the point to ponder is why can't the prescriptions for avoiding man-animal conflict be followed. Why can't wildlife experts be roped in to look into areas with little prey base and tiger presence," asked Desai, adding that alarm bells should have gone off right at the time when the tigress was reported in an area which had poor history of the presence of big cats.

"If the tiger that was killed was definitely the man-eater, I support the decision taken by the authorities to shoot it. Catching it and releasing it elsewhere would have simply transferred the problem to the new area. Shifting it to a zoo would have condemned it to a lifetime of captivity," says wildlife film-maker and conservationist Shekar Dattatri.

Dattari feels that in conservation hard decisions are sometimes necessary and "we should neither shy away from taking them nor condemn those who take them". "What is important in conservation is the interest of a species as a whole and not the well-being of every animal. If a confirmed man-eater is not put down, public anger will be directed towards all tigers, resulting in unnecessary ill-will that will affect tiger conservation," he said.

Poonam Dhanwatey of Tiger Research and Conservation Trust (TRACT) echoed the same feelings. "Problem animals like the Navegaon tiger or the Talodi tiger (2007) which become man-eaters have to be eliminated. All carnivores outside protected areas (PAs) should also be monitored. Local community sensitization and involvement is a must in areas where tigers and leopards are living close to human dwellings," she said.

Kishor Rithe, member of the standing committee for National Board for Wildlife (NBWL), condemned the shooting. "The tigress became a political victim. It is the failure of the people and forest department too, which was not tuned with wildlife management in territorial area. The turn of events till January 4, when the tigress claimed the fifth victim, are really sickening. The staff could not analyse whether it was a leopard or a tiger. It also exposes fake claims of patrolling in territorial areas, especially when a carnivore is moving," he said.

He also felt that the orders to shoot the tigress were issued on "unscientific basis". "The tigress was not at fault as all the victims were killed in the fragile corridor (forests). I have full sympathy with the kin of those killed by the tigress but the politicians should not have put pressure on forest officials to kill it," said Rithe.

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12 janvier 2013 6 12 /01 /janvier /2013 10:45

LA MAISON MERE "BAUME DU TIGRE" RETOURNE AU MYANMAR, LIEU DE SA FONDATION...

Source : Bangkok Post, hier.

Famed for its soothing menthol smell and muscle pain-relieving properties, Tiger Balm is sold in more than 100 countries – but now the leaping tiger, based in Singapore for nearly a century, is returning to the country where it was invented.

Tiger Balm was created by the Aw brothers in what was Burma in the late 19th century. The Chinese businessmen made their fortune by selling the ointment from a shop in Rangoon (Yangon), before moving the business to Singapore in 1926.

Singapore-listed Haw Par Corporation, which owns the brand, is keen to take it back to the Myanmar market, where it has not been sold officially for decades.

Tiger Balm "works where it hurts" according to this 2003 Bangkok billboard advertisement. Now the brand is returning to its roots in neighbouring Myanmar. Photo by Pattanapong Hirunard.

“The reason why we are very keen on Myanmar is, of course, it’s our origin. Tiger Balm has gone out into the world, made a name for itself and now it’s coming back,” AK Han, the company’s executive director in charge of healthcare told the Financial Times.

Haw Par Corporation has already sent staff to Myanmar to find a distributor, which they did by creating a shortlist of companies from the labels of products already distributed in the country.

“With all due respect to the consultants, we’ve been in this business for a long time and we are in so many countries, so we are able to fish out the guys on the ground who can do the job and walk the talk,” Mr Han told the FT.

Mr Han added that confirmation that there is spending power in Myanmar to support consumer spending on products such as Tiger Balm came when the distributor organised parties in Yangon and Mandalay in September 2012 to mark the reintroduction of the product.

He said about 300 wholesalers, pharmacists and chemists turned up at each event in luxury cars such as Mercedes and Lexuses. 

“That was when we knew we were right,” he said. 

“These are the people who wake up commerce. Either they have their own trading organisations or they have their own trading links with, say, Thailand. They have wealth and they flaunt it.”

Mr Han remarked that there is “quite a layer of richer people” in Myanmar, who are not necessarily connected to the military.

 

... ET LA BOURIATIE OUVRIRA UN COMPLEXE BIOPHARMACEUTIQUE BASE SUR LA MEDECINE TRADITIONNELLE TIBETAINE, D'ICI 2018. La bibliothèque scientifique d'Ulan Ude est une des plus riches du monde en ouvrages rares et anciens de médecine tibétaine. Source : Siberian Times du 27 Décembre 2012.

 

Temple Ivolgynsky Datsan,(Ulan - Ude),  coeur du bouddhisme russe.

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12 janvier 2013 6 12 /01 /janvier /2013 10:22

FILETS DERIVANTS DE LA JUNGLE...

3 tigres électrocutés ces 7 derniers mois par des câbles électriques au Madya Pradesh. La plupart sont installés illégalement.

Source : Times of India, ce jour.

JABALPUR: The Madhya Pradesh forest department has still not learnt its lesson, even after losing 3 tigers to electrocution/ poaching in the last 7 months. Electric wires hanging barely 5 feet above the ground situated half a kilometer away from Vijayraghavgarh territorial area where an adult tiger was electrocuted on the intervening night of December 25-26, point to a criminal negligence which could turn Katni into a tiger graveyard, unless urgent remedial measures are initiated.

Conservationist Ajay Dubey who sent this photograph to the forest minister on January 9, is skeptical about any such possibility. "The state government's election year commitment to give 24x7 power to all has sent the MPEB officials in overdrive. A reckless exercise is on to put up poles indiscriminately without seeking official clearance from the forest department and Katni furnishes a prime example, he said.

"The district touches the Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve and the very fact that two tigers died here within last two months establishes the frequency of their movement in the belt. At least 75% of electric poles installed there, Dubey claimed are unauthorized, illegal and ill-maintained but government is turning a blind eye to this anomaly for obvious reasons. A special package of Rs 1200 sent to the centre by the MP government in 2009 to insulate electrical line in the territorial /forest area has been gathering dust, so there seems to be no hope" Dubey feels.

The live wire trap set up by poachers in December was connected to a unauthorized pole, Dubey claimed. The dead tiger he said as per the local information was being spotted in company of a tigress and her litter fortunately the others survived. He had apprised the authority of the fact and has written to the minister to order a probe and fix the responsibility on the issue.

Significantly, the departmental inquiry instituted by the state forest department after a tigress died along with it's cub two months ago proves Dubey could be right. The tigress had jumped over and contacted a high tension wire hanging low and was instantly electrocuted along with the prey. The report categorically mentions that" lineman P C Burman had noticed the damaged transmission pole informed his superiors and asked for immediate replacement." His attempts proved futile as instead of replacing the broken pole which was reduced to the height of 8-10 feet as against mandatory 27ft they left it untouched leading to the gory accident.

Similarly the death by electrocution of a 3-year-old male tiger in last June in village Kathotia in Sehore points to the same trend.

Quizzed over the issue, chief wild life warden P K Shukla said that he has specifically issued directives ensure that no high or low tension wires are found hanging loose in the territoral area. We are aware of the danger they pose, he told TOI on Friday.

 

... MANGROVES EN PEAU DE CHAGRIN

Source : The Hindu, hier.

 

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