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20 décembre 2012 4 20 /12 /décembre /2012 04:34

SUITE DE L'ARTICLE D'HIER (EN CUISINE, PLUS DANS LA JUNGLE). Le ministre a été inculpé, et relâché sous caution.

Source : Bangkok Post, ce jour.

The Criminal Court on Wednesday accepted a case against Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Suraswadi which accuses him of illegally approving the shipment of 100 Bengal tigers to China in 2002.

According to prosecutors, Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Suraswadi authorised the export of 100 tigers from the Si Racha Zoo to China in a strictly commercial venture. (File Photo)

Mr Plodprasop was chief of the Royal Forest Department at the time. The court set April 22 next year for the first hearing.

Mr Plodprasop is facing a malfeasance charge brought by prosecutors on behalf of the National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC).

Prosecutors say he approved the request to send the tigers abroad without considering whether such a move would violate the law.

In 2002 Manop Lauprasert _ head of the Thailand Office of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species and Wild Fauna and Flora (Cites Thailand) _ was asked by Si Racha Tiger Zoo company for a licence to send its tigers to Sunya Zoo in China's southern province of Hainan for feeding and breeding during October and December that year.

Plodprasop: Eager to prove innocence

 

Mr Manop forwarded the request to Mr Plodprasop, who approved it. However, prosecutors say the request "was made for commercial purposes", and so was not in line with the law.

The Thai Wildlife Protection Act only allows for exports of protected wildlife species under government agreements for research and conservation purposes.

The NACC found in 2007 that the shipment of the 100 tigers was for commercial purposes as Si Racha Tiger Zoo and Sunya Zoo are private entities.

As a result, the NACC found Mr Plodprasop guilty of malfeasance, while Mr Manop was also implicated in wrongdoing.

Mr Plodprasop has insisted he did nothing wrong. In his earlier response to the NACC's resolution, he said the tigers were not from the wild and not native to Thailand, and that Si Racha Tiger Zoo had imported the tigers and raised and bred them for 10 years before delivering them to China. The Chinese embassy suggested importing the tigers in 2001.

Asked to respond yesterday, Mr Plodprasop said: "I am glad this moment has come because I will prove my innocence before the court."

He was released on 200,000 baht bail.

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20 décembre 2012 4 20 /12 /décembre /2012 04:13

Le chat Manul (Pallas Cat) est un des félins les plus discrets, et peut être des plus rares, de Sibérie. Il est celui dont  la fourrure est la plus dense (9000 poils au cm2).

inside manul sitting up

 

Sur certains marchés de Vladivostok, on trouve des mitaines réalisées à partir de celle - ci.

standard mittens from manul

Voir l'excellent article de Kate Blakitskaya dans le Siberian Times d'hier.

http://siberiantimes.com/ecology/casestudy/features/save-the-worlds-fluffiest-cat/

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19 décembre 2012 3 19 /12 /décembre /2012 09:39

Alors que les arrière-cours de Bangkok regorgent littéralement de tigres destinés à être cuisinés et consommés dans toute l'Asie orientale et au delà, les jungles thaïs se vident de leurs félins sauvages à toute allure. Ce mercredi (voir le Bangkok Post de ce jour), le ministre des Sciences et de la Technologie, Plodprasop Surasawadi, doit répondre devant la Cour criminelle de l'exportation vers la Chine de 100 tigres du Bengale en 2002, alors qu'il était directeur du Département des espaces forestiers. Et les naturalistes constatent que les populations de tigres dans deux parcs naturels très importants du Tenasseim méridional semblent avoir quasiment disparu (Bangkok Post du 15 Décembre). 

 

Prosecutors on Wednesday filed a case with the Criminal Court against Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Surasawadi over the export of 100 Bengal tigers to China in 2002 when he was director-general of the Royal Forestry Department.

 

Plodprasop Surasawadi (Photo by Surapol Promsaka na Sakolnakorn)

 

Mr Plodprasop was taken to the court for the arraignment by the prosecutors.

The National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) found Mr Plodprasop guilty and forwarded the case to the prosecutors for further legal action.

Mr Plosprasop earlier sent a letter to the prosecutors seeking a postponement of the indictment, citing his duties and immunity as a member of parliament while it is in session.

After the indictement, his lawyer Somsak Toraksa submitted a request for bail, placing 200,000 baht as collateral.

The NACC in August 2007 found that Mr Plodprasop was guilty of involvement in the illegal export of 100 Bengal tigers - a protected species - to China.
Mr Plodprasop's approval of the export of the tigers was both a serious disciplinary violation and also a criminal offence, the NACC said.

 

 

Tiger populations in two major national parks in the southern Tenasserim mountain range are on the brink of extinction, authorities have warned.

An adult tiger sets off a camera trap in the Tenasserim mountain range in 2001. FILE PHOTO

 

Somphot Duangchantrasiri, head of the Khao Nang Rum wildlife research station, which runs a camera trapping project in Petchaburi's Kaeng Krachan National Park, said his team had found the tiger population in the park was on the decline.

In their most recent camera-trapping project between November last year and January this year, no images of tigers were recorded. Significantly less tiger activity was also documented compared to a similar exercise in 2002.

''It is a warning sign of the [declining] tiger population in the site,'' he said. ''Although we can't say for certain there are no tigers left in the park, their population is certainly under threat due to deforestation and poaching,'' Mr Somphot said.

The research team set up 47 cameras over an area of 500 sq km.

The cameras recorded images of around 30 mammal species including marbled cats, clouded leopards, golden cats and elephants. But they found no tigers.

Still, the team found traces of tiger activity at five spots in Panern Thung area and near Petchaburi River. They expected at least one of them to be a female tiger.

In the 2002 study, the team set up camera trapping equipment at 21 points - less than half the number of the recent study - and captured images of only four tigers.

Mr Somphot said a similar trend has been found in Kui Buri National Park in Prachuap Khiri Khan province.

In a recent survey conducted by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), tiger population density in Kui Buri had decreased from 0.8 tigers per 100 sq km to 0.4.

''We might lose the tiger populations of two national parks if there are no effective measures taken to save them,'' Mr Somphot said.

''The situation is very complicated as there are more than 7,000 people living in Kaeng Krachan National Park.''

The tiger population in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary in Uthai Thani province has remained stable, while the number of tigers living in Mae Wong national park in Kamphaeng Phet province has increased, he said.

Ruangnapa Phoonjampa, chief of a WWF project to increase tiger populations in Mae Wong and Klong Lan national parks, said the two national parks are large enough to house more tigers.

She said the tiger population density in Haui Kha Khaeng wildlife sanctuary is 2.5 per 100 sq km. ''There is enough food and space for them in the two national parks. Moreover, there are no people living inside the parks,'' she said.

The tiger population density in Mae Wong National Park is just 0.75 per 100 sq km. A recent WWF survey found 10 mature tigers with two cubs moving around Mae Wong National Park, in addition to the more than 32 other endangered species.

The survey has been forwarded to the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning, which studied the environmental impacts of the proposed Mae Wong Dam project.

Conservationists fear construction of the dam will destroy tiger habitats.

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19 décembre 2012 3 19 /12 /décembre /2012 09:31

BANQUE DU SPERME POUR TIGRES DE SUMATRA (source : Jakarta Post du 15 Décembre).

Deadly look: Ara, 17-year-old female Sumatran tiger, sits in her enclosure at Taman Safari Indonesia (TSI) conservation park in Cisarua, Bogor. Ara’s lost part of a leg in a trap set up by oil palm growers in Riau in 1997.Deadly look: Ara, 17-year-old female Sumatran tiger, sits in her enclosure at Taman Safari Indonesia (TSI) conservation park in Cisarua, Bogor. Ara’s lost part of a leg in a trap set up by oil palm growers in Riau in 1997.

In a crouching posture and with a sharp stare for any approaching figure, a tiger gave a loud roar audible some 10 meters away. It was Ara, a once deadly 17-year-old female Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) now kept at Taman Safari Indonesia (TSI) conservation park in Cisarua, Bogor.

“Its right front leg was cut off after getting entangled in a trap set up by oil palm growers in Riau in 1997,” Irawan, head of the park’s education division, told The Jakarta Post at the TSI’s Sumatran Tiger Captive Breeding Center (PPHS) recently.

Sperm deposit: An employee checks tubes specially designed to keep the sperm of Sumatran tigers for years.Sperm deposit: An employee checks tubes specially designed to keep the sperm of Sumatran tigers for years.Ara is one of the nine rare Sumatran tigers now being bred in captivity at PPHS. Discovered at the age of two, it is among those originally caught by local people in the forests of Sumatra. Some of them are old while others are physically impaired. These tigers are considered unfit for release into the wild.

The breeding ground covers 1 hectare of the TSI’s total area of 186 hectares on the slopes of Mount Pangrango. Closed to the general public, PPHS is the world’s only Sumatran tiger captive breeding center.

This center is tasked with rescuing the last of the three tiger sub-species once belonging to Indonesia, after Balinese tigers (Panthera tigris balica) and Javanese tigers (Panthera tigris sundaica) were declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 1940 and around 1980.

Well-planned: A board shows the schedule for collecting sperm from 11 Sumatran tigers in the park.Well-planned: A board shows the schedule for collecting sperm from 11 Sumatran tigers in the park.Interestingly, the rescue is not only conducted through the natural process of reproduction, but also by building a Sumatran tiger sperm bank, so as to better guarantee the conservation of the last tiger sub-species in the country.

In 2007, at a workshop on the prevention of Sumatran tiger hunting and trading organized in Medan, North Sumatra, wildlife watchdog group Traffic Southeast Asia’s regional program officer Chris Shepherd said Sumatran tigers might go extinct by 2015.

Hunting, habitat fragmentation and forest burning have threatened the existence of Sumatran tigers, now listed as critically endangered animals, the highest category of threat. According to Shepherd, no less than 50 Sumatran tigers were traded in 2006, in whole form as well as in body parts.

Forum HarimauKita, a tiger rescue forum, referred to hunting and conflict with men as major threats to Sumatran tigers. Between 1978-1999, 146 cases of conflict were recorded. In 1998-2002, 38 tigers were killed, and in 2002-2004 the conflict claimed 40 human lives. Over 50 cases were noted in 2005-2007.
Guardian: A keeper watches the behavior of Harpan, a male Sumatran tiger, before he is placed in a “wedding enclosure” to be mated with Ara.Guardian: A keeper watches the behavior of Harpan, a male Sumatran tiger, before he is placed in a “wedding enclosure” to be mated with Ara.
Sumatran Tiger Coordinator and president of the South East Asian Zoos Association (SEAZA), Jansen Manansang, said at least 18 world zoo institutions had shown their concern and given donations to ensure the continuity of the captive breeding of the endangered animals of Sumatra.

The government has also assigned the TSI to keep the studbook of the population of Sumatran tigers. The only Sumatran tiger studbook keeper in the world is Ligaya Ita Tumbelaka, a lecturer from the Veterinary Medicine faculty, Bogor Institute of Agriculture (IPB).

Meanwhile, the high value of protected animals has also made Sumatran tigers a medium of diplomatic communication to promote bilateral relations of Indonesia, as is the case with komodo dragons and orangutans. Sumatran tigers have been sent to Australia and Japan for the same purpose.

 

MISE EN CHANTIER D'UN GIGANTESQUE ELEVAGE DE TIGRES, SUR UN ESPACE DE 200HA, EN 2013.


Un tigre bien à soi, mais pas à la maison

Le tigre domestique est une passion partagée par un cercle de gens riches qui croient que la présence d’un ou plusieurs de ces fauves chez soi apporte pouvoir et argent, explique Darori, le directeur de la protection des forêts et de la conservation de la nature au Ministère.

A force de réfléchir avec son équipe, Darori a trouvé une parade : créer un centre d’élevage de tigres. “Les industriels, les hommes d’affaires fortunés ou les hauts fonctionnaires qui veulent avoir des tigres domestiques pourront les louer dans ce centre“, explique-t-il. La construction de ce "sanctuaire de tigres" va commencer l’année prochaine. Il sera situé dans la région de Cagar Alam Senepis, dans la province de Riau (Sumatra) et s’étendra sur 200 hectares.

Darori s’est inspiré de l’élevage des étourneaux de Bali. Voici quinze ans, il n'en restait plus que huit spécimens dans leur habitat naturel.
Le gouvernement indonésien a emporté ces oiseaux rares dans des zoos en Amérique et au Japon pour les faire féconder. Aujourd’hui, grâce à un élevage intensif, la population des étourneaux de Bali en Indonésie approche des 3000.

Dans un premier temps, le sanctuaire va adopter les tigres qui ont été saisis chez des particuliers et qui ne peuvent plus retourner vivre à l’état sauvage. Il s’agit de dix femelles et trois mâles actuellement en pension dans des zoos du pays. Certains de ces fauves souffrent d’infirmités mais demeurent productifs. On espère qu’ils pourront donner naissance à une trentaine de petits chaque année.

Parallèlement à la construction du sanctuaire, le ministère des Forêts prépare un règlement pour la location de ces tigres. Darori précise qu’ils demeureront la propriété de l’Etat et qu’il s’agira uniquement de bébés tigres issus de la deuxième ou troisième génération. Les tigres "souches" nés en forêt ne seront pas à louer. Les conditions de location seront très strictes : le particulier devra verser une caution de un milliard de roupies (80.000 euros), disposer d’un enclos de 400 mètres carrés minimum, employer à plein temps un vétérinaire et un dresseur-chamane et avoir des moyens financiers suffisants.

Des ONG sceptiques

Cette initiative est contestée par plusieurs organisations environnementalistes. La Wildlife Conservation Society estime ainsi que la location de tigres viole la convention sur le commerce international des espèces menacées (CITES) que l’Indonésie a ratifiée. Au WWF, le coordinateur du programme tigres et éléphants, Sunarto, juge que le gouvernement ferait mieux de s’attaquer à la source du problème, à savoir la destruction des forêts par les plantations, les mines et les industries.

Par contre, David Hidayat, le directeur de la plus grosse compagnie de plantes médicinales d’Indonésie, PT Sido Muncul, accueille cette idée de sanctuaire de tigres avec enthousiasme, même s’il pense qu’il faut rendre les conditions de location encore plus strictes, afin de s’assurer que le locataire a bien les moyens et le souci de la conservation de l'espèce.

 

David collectionne les animaux rares, et il détient un permis du gouvernement. Il élève des dizaines de crocodiles, d’oiseaux, d’orangs outans, de gibbons et de serpents sur un terrain de cinq hectares ouvert au public : le parc animalier et agrotouristique Sido Muncul, à Semarang (Java centre). Il a commencé sa collection en 2002, lorsqu’on lui a offert deux tigres, dont l’un de Sumatra. Il aurait aimé faire féconder Seto, la tigresse de Sumatra aujourd’hui âgée de douze ans, mais il n’est pas arrivé à lui trouver de mâle.

Il s’est consolé en achetant un couple de tigres de Sibérie pour 150 millions de roupies (12 000 euros) qui lui ont donné treize petits. Hélas, seuls six ont survécu à ce jour.


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19 décembre 2012 3 19 /12 /décembre /2012 09:16

CET ARTICLE FAIT SUITE A CELUI DU 6 AOUT DERNIER, "CHINESE REWILDING".

La première naissance à l'état sauvage a eu lieu. La ferme "Heilongjang" envisage désormais un plan à plus vaste échelle (source : Siberian Times, hier).

By The Siberian Times reporter
18 December 2012

A seven-year-old tiger gave birth to a female cub on 25 July 2011, which was the first successful breeding of a Siberian tiger in the wild in China.

Breeding and living in the wild is key for the tigers to go back to the mountains, so restoring the species numbers and assisting in their survival. Picture from Heilongjiang Siberian Tiger Park, China, by news.cn

 

Now the plan is for many more, say the Heilongjiang Siberian Tiger Park, the largest breeding centre in the world for the endangered creature. 

Artificially-bred 'next generation' Siberian tigers will breed in the wild,  said the park's chief engineer Liu Dan. 

The female cub is currently more than 70 cm long and 50 kg in weight, reported Xinhua News Agency. Her physical agility and cold resistance ability is superior to its peers due to wild training, said Liu.

'This cub, now one and a half years old, will play the leading role in the wild breeding plan of the next-generation tigers', the scientist added. 

Breeding and living in the wild is key for the tigers to go back to the mountains, so restoring the species numbers and assisting in their survival.

Only 300 are believed to be living in the wild, with 20 in northeast China. Siberian tigers are one of the world's rarest animal species.

Heilongjiang has bred more than 1,000 Siberian tigers since its establishment in 1986, when it had just eight of the large cats.

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18 décembre 2012 2 18 /12 /décembre /2012 08:49

FELIN GEANT ET TSAR POISSON, SEMEURS DE MANNE.

La dispersion des graines est un facteur essentiel de la stratégie des plantes pour leur reproduction.Le rôle d' insectes butineurs, oiseaux, chauve - souris, rongeurs( forêts de chênes d'Amérique du Nord et de noyers d'Asie centrale sous l'action des écureuils), est bien connu. Il en va de même pour celui de grands herbivores (ongulés, éléphants) dont l'étude de l'influence écologique a fait émerger la notion de "megaherbivorie".

L'essentiel reste à faire concernant les grands carnivores terrestres (immenses forêts de pommes sauvages d'Asie centrale sous l'action des ours, taïga de pins de Corée sous celle du tigre).

Le rôle des poissons n'est pas non plus évalué à sa juste valeur. Des travaux sur le tambaqui, grand poisson frugivore de l'Amazone, mettent en lumière son influence déterminante pour l'enrichissement de la forêt riveraine du cours d'eau. De plus, il apparaît (ce qui n'est guère étonnant) que plus l'animal est volumineux et âgé, plus sa capacité fonctionnelle de dispersion est élevée. Ceci est valable pour tous les organismes considérés, arbres inclus, bien sûr. Les poissons omnivores (salmonidés, esturgeons, brochets) ensemencent aussi la forêt quand ils sont capturés par des prédateurs terrestres ou aériens.

A l'époque Paléolithique, les milieux arcto - pacifiques étaient soignés et enrichis à la fois, notamment, par des bancs de  poissons géants de rivières et lacs en complémentarité avec les plus grands félins de l'Histoire du Monde, tigres et lions arcto - pacifiques : Panthera tigris soloensis* et Panthera. leo fossilis  il y a un million d'années, puis P.t.acutidens et P.l. atrox lors du Pleistocène supérieur.

De tels géants, qui pouvaient peser une demi - tonne, n'existent plus à l'heure actuelle (le dernier tigre sauvage de 400 kgs a été abattu en 1950 dans la cordillère du Sikhote - Alin).

Or, l'existence en nombre significatif d'organismes végétaux et animaux expérimentés et stratégiquement efficaces pour la croissance et la bonification des ressources indispensables à un pays, a au moins autant d'importance que celle de porte avions, sous marins, chars d'assaut, etc.

Tout pays lucide sur la préservation et le renforcement de ses intérêts considérera qu'une politique vigoureuse de favorisation  de tels organismes constitue une priorité absolue pour la sécurité nationale, qui concernera également les zones côtières, les forêts d'algues marines et de coraux des Zones Economiques Exclusives.

A voir : "Fleuve Amour", documentaire coréen en trois parties, diffusé cette fin d"année et au début 2013 (matinée complète de 9h20 à 12h20 le mercredi 2 janvier notamment), illustration audiovisuelle explicite la plus percutante à ce jour sur l'unicité symbiotique du macrobiome rivière/forêt/mer, avec l'Amour comme canal séminal  des milieux marins et le saumon comme agent fécondant des milieux terrestres.

 

*Détails sur Panthera tigris soloensis dans

Koenigswald, G. H. R. Von, 1933. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der fossilen Wirbeltiere Javas. Wet. Meded. Dienst Mijnb. Ned. Ind., no. 23, 184 pp., 28 pis.

 

VOIR AUSSI LA PERTE INCALCULABLE DÛE AU DECLIN DES ARBRES GEANTS EUX MÊMES (Tehran Times du 7 Décembre).

Big, old trees are in decline throughout the world, which spells trouble for the forests in which they play such an important role, a new study finds.

 
These elders of the forest do many things that smaller, younger trees cannot; for example, providing homes for many types of animals, providing space for other plants to grow in tropical rainforests and producing large amounts of seeds that serve as food for other animals and replenish tree populations, according to the study, published on December 6 in the journal Science. 
 
Old trees also store an enormous amount of carbon and continue to sequester it as they grow, even in their old age, said study co-author David Lindenmayer, a researcher at Australian National University. 
 
One study published in PLoS ONE in May found that although big trees, with a diameter of more than 3 feet (1 meter) at chest height, made up only 1 percent of trees in a study plot in California's Yosemite National Park, they accounted for 50 percent of the area's biomass.
 
Another study found that huge mountain ash trees in southern Australia and Tasmania provide homes for more than 40 species of animals, which live in cavities in the old trees, Lindenmayer said. Smaller trees provide homes for far fewer animals.
 
The decline in these trees is happening globally. "Large old trees are declining rapidly in all kinds of ecosystems worldwide — forests, rainforests, boreal forests, woodlands, agricultural areas, cities and savannahs," Lindenmayer told OurAmazingPlanet.
 
While the loss of these sylvan elders is sometimes obvious, in the case of forest fires or clear-cutting, their disappearance is usually less apparent, said Nate Stephenson, an ecologist with the Western Ecological Research Center in Three Rivers, Calif. 
 
"Losses of big, old trees can take place over decades, generally too slowly for people to notice, become alarmed about and take actions to correct," said Stephenson, who wasn't involved in the Science study. 
 
The "next generation may not know that big old trees were once common in the nearby forest."
 
           ------Why the decline? 
 
Big trees are in decline for a number of reasons, including logging and clearing of land for agriculture, introduction of non-native insects or pathogens (an example being chestnut blight), past management practices (for example, fire exclusion that has led to denser forests, which can be more vulnerable to insect outbreaks and severe fires), air pollution and climatic changes, Stephenson said.
 
The decline in any one place, though, is specific to the area, Lindenmayer said. "It might be elephants plus fire plus fungi in [South Africa's] Kruger National Park, versus fire plus logging plus climate change in the wet forests of Victoria," in Australia, he said. "But the problem manifests in broadly the same way in all systems: rapid loss of existing large old trees and often a failure to recruit new big trees, leading to a massive vacuum."
 
Though almost none of the "big tree" species are in danger of going extinct, the largest individuals could become very rare, said James Lutz, a researcher at the University of Washington, who wasn't involved in the study.
 
To prevent losing more forest giants, people need to protect individual large trees and places where they are more likely to grow, Lindenmayer said. It's also important that land managers realize the importance of big old trees. "Many managers have no idea about this," he said.
 
"We all know that big animals like whales, tigers are in trouble — now we have seen that big trees are too," he said. The problem is these trees take centuries to get big, he said.
 
Big trees are important to people, as well, Lutz said. "They are majestic, though they were once as all the other saplings," he said. "By preserving them, we preserve our heritage and our hope and maybe a bit of ourselves as well."
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14 décembre 2012 5 14 /12 /décembre /2012 06:09

LE WWF RUSSIE ET SES PARTENAIRES PRESENTENT LES PRODUITS DE L'HABITAT DU TIGRE A LA FOIRE DES PRODUITS FORESTIERS DE MOSCOU. Source : WWF Russie, hier.

D'aujourd'hui à Dimanche, sont proposés pour la première fois à la foire de Noël gastronomique de Moscou les produits de la forêt mixte d'extrême - orient (ressources forestières alimentaires et plantes médicinales). La mise en illustration gustative de cette richesse est destinée à sensibiliser les moscovites à la protection de cet écosystème si généreux.

L'élément clé est bien sûr la noix du pin de Corée, consommée sur place par les hommes et de nombreuses espèces animales, herbivores, omnivores et carnivores, terrestres, aériens et aquatiques. L'étude de la stratégie de dispersion de ses graines par le pin de Corée dans toutes ses dimensions et ses implications, permettant d'éclairer, en termes économiques et monétaires,  les niveaux réels de la prestation des uns et des autres, n'est pas effectuée à ce jour (nous y reviendrons).

lepeshkin bikin-zima.std

La forêt de pin de la vallée de la rivière Bikin

 

rossyp-oreha.std

Les pignons, manne de l'extrême - orient russe


Comme le poisson Omul est considéré comme "le pain du Baïkal", le pin de Corée est présenté comme "l'arbre à pain" de la taïga.

Sont proposés aussi, notamment, baies, champignons, miel, thé, confitures, ginseng, salades traditionnelles de fougères...

 

Un projet d'investissement  pour le traitement des plantes sauvages a été examiné par des experts du Centre international pour le développement des régions et soumis pour inclusion dans le programme de développement socio-économique de Primorsky Krai en 2013-2017 ans.

Un système de location de parcelles forestière a été mise en place pour la préservation des arbres prestataires.

 

 



 


  

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13 décembre 2012 4 13 /12 /décembre /2012 06:00

DES VOLONTAIRES POUR PROTEGER LES TIGRES EN CHINE DU NORD. Source : China Daily, il y a 3 jours.


Volunteer conservationists have organized a series of mountain patrols to prevent poachers from targeting wild Siberian tigers in Northeast China and make more people aware of the animal's plight.

The three-day project, organized by the China branch of the World Wide Fund for Nature, attracted people from across the country, including Shanghai and Fujian province.

"We wanted the volunteers to learn more about the tigers through these activities and to make sure more people know about the importance of conserving wildlife and protecting the environment," said Liu Yi, who is with the fund's China tiger program.

The environmental group is a driving force behind the work being done to research and protect Siberian tigers in the wild. It has opened a branch dedicated to the pursuit of that mission in Changchun, capital of Jilin province.

"I'd only seen tigers in newspapers or the zoo in the past," said Zuo Jian, who traveled from Sichuan province, more than 3,000 kilometers away, to work with the group. "This exercise was a very valuable chance to follow their steps and enable me to have a better understanding of the big cat. Taking care of tigers is a way to protect the environment and ourselves."

The volunteers were divided into three teams and assigned to patrol Lanjia forest in Jilin, and Nuanquanhe and Dongfanghong forests in Heilongjiang province, which are the main habitats of the Siberian tiger in China.

According to wildlife experts, Siberian tigers mainly live in eastern Russia, Northeast China and the mountainous areas of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Fewer than 500 now live in the wild, including the nearly 20 that are in China.

"If we don't take action quickly, these big cats are likely to disappear from China," said Jiang Guangshun, deputy director of the State Forestry Administration Feline Research Center, who led the team in Dongfanghong.

"The border area between China and the far eastern part of Russia is their main habitat. So protection work is also being carried out in this area.

"By doing more to protect these areas, we can build a migration corridor to connect Northeast China and Russia and provide tigers with a larger and more comfortable habitat."

Olga Sass with the World Wide Fund for Nature's Russia Amur branch, praised the work and called for China and Russia to cooperate more closely to protect tigers and leopards.

Experts said poaching and the deterioration of habitats are the main reasons why the predator is endangered.

Winter is usually the toughest season for the big cats and poaching tends to become rampant in the three months before Spring Festival, China's traditional New Year's holiday.

Forests in Northeast China are covered by 50 centimeters of snow on average in the winter, making it easy for wildlife experts to carry out fieldwork by following footprints that animals leave behind. Yet, the same conditions are also advantageous to poachers.

Peng Jianyu, an anti-poaching officer with the World Wide Fund for Nature's China tiger program, said she has helped organize a team that will be composed of more than 50 rangers and will be charged with patrolling 15 reservations in the region.

To catch animals such as roe deer and hares, poachers usually set traps or snares on routes they are known to take, according to Liang Feng'en, a ranger at Nuanquanhe forest, who worked as a hunter 30 years ago.

The traps often make it either impossible for an ensnared animal to escape or wound them so badly that they can no longer hunt.

Two tigers have been caught in traps in recent years - one in 2006 and one in 2011. Both ended up dying of hunger.

The Chinese government has also been doing more to establish protection areas for Siberian tigers, as it tries to restore the predator's habitat and help the various animals it preys on increase their numbers.

Two tiger conservation zones - Wangqing and Nuanquanhe - are applying for national level conservation status, and several other forestry bureaus are also strengthening their efforts to protect wildlife.

"Past exploitation has led to deforestation and a decrease in wildlife numbers," said Liang Zhuo, the nephew of Liang Feng'en and a wildlife protection official who has worked to restore the environment and protect wildlife for more than 10 years.

"It is time for us to repay the debt and strengthen environmental protection. This is not only for ourselves but also for our children and grandchildren."

He said the work has led to more sightings of tigers in the past three years in Suiyang and nearby areas.

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12 décembre 2012 3 12 /12 /décembre /2012 04:09

Suite aux articles sur ce blog des 3 et 6 Décembre sur les trois orphelins :

APPEL DU PHOENIX FUND, HIER.

The first week of December 2012 marked the busiest days at the Amur Tiger Rehabilitation Centre located in Alekseevka village (Primorsky krai, Russian Far East). The centre has admitted new patients - three Amur tiger cubs –that were found in the woods without their mother in late November. The Phoenix Fund and Inspection Tiger are addressing to the community and asking for donations to help feed the young predators and prepare them for release back in taiga.

Despite the fact that the rescue operation was a success, there are few reasons for joy. The specialists are unanimous in their supposition regarding a tiger mother. The tigress must have been poached or left her cubs because of lack of prey.  And now, specialists of Inspection Tiger and A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences as well as non-governmental organisations are responsible for nursing the animals and preparing them for release into the wild. The Phoenix Fund and International Fund for Animal Welfare, who are already involved in raising funds for young tigress Cinderella, have offered their help and launched a fundraising campaign to support the orphans.

Help us support these tiger cubs! Your help would give them a better chance of returning to the taiga. It is hoped that the three cubs will be released back into the wild to play a vital role in the future survival of these magnificent big cats.

PLEASE DONATE NOW! Whatever you can give would be gratefully received. Thank you. You can donate via Wildlife Alliance, our American partner, or through Amur Leopard and Tiger Alliance.

If you would like to make a donation through the Wildlife Alliance donation portal, please choose ‘Phoenix Fund’ in ‘Designation’ section
https://wildlifealliance.secure.force.com/pmtx/cmpgn__Donations?id=701C0000000cUMc
By making a donation through the Amur Leopard and Tiger Alliance, please go to
http://www.altaconservation.org/get-involved/help-cinderella/

 Donations as of December 12th 2012

 Month

 Donations from

 Amount

 Goal to raise

 December  Moscow residents  1,000 rub  90,000 rub per month
 Vladivostok residents  1,000 rub
 

 Total

 2,000 rub  
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10 décembre 2012 1 10 /12 /décembre /2012 09:09

Le 7 Décembre, Roman Ansovich, employé du bureau de la chasse et de la lutte contre le braconnage, a été abattu dans l'exercice de ses fonctions, alors qu'il interpellait des braconniers en possession d'un cerf mort, dans le secteur Olginsky du district de Primorye. Dans cette zone, le danger est permanent pour les employés de l'administration sur le terrain. ils sont fréquemment soumis à des pressions physiques et psychologiques. Les braconniers agissent régulièrement en toute impunité, depuis de nombreuses années. C'est toutefois la première fois en 30 ans qu'on attente directement à la vie d'un employé du service (source : WWF Russie, ce jour).

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  • : Le retour du tigre en Europe: le blog d'Alain Sennepin
  • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
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