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16 février 2011 3 16 /02 /février /2011 07:58


Environmental significance of an array of indigenous old-growth forests located in the south of Arkhangelsk region, in the upper river Vashka, was confirmed as a result of the expedition in the summer of 2010, WWF . This is one of the last remaining large areas of old-growth forests throughout Europe.  There never were industrial logging, they are rich flora and fauna and the presence of many rare and endangered species.  Under the agreement, timber companies undertake a period of 10 years to logging, road construction and other economic activities that would harm the natural complex of the Territory.

"The negociation process was long and complicated character, has gone from total denial of the existence of valuable forest companies and the unwillingness to compromise to readiness to sign an agreement  - Denis Dobrynin, Project Coordinator, WWF.  - However, the moratorium - it's only a temporary measure to preserve forest areas in the preparation of materials for the sanctuary.


New fire season in south-west Primorye will test for the system to prevent and extinguish fires set up by WWF for the conservation and restoration of forest habitat of the Amur leopard.

Despite the continuing winter, the first source of ignition was recorded in the southern part of Khasan district is February 1. Herbal fell seized territory along the railway to the east of the village Gvozdev. In the days following fires occurred in other parts of the Sound, the Posyet. As it happens many years, pockets of fire were reported on the territory of Khasan natural park. The main cause of fires in south-west of Primorye, as usual, becomes uncontrolled burning of dry grass.

As reported by project coordinator of WWF-Russia Amur branch to restore habitat leopard George Likhachev, near the village around the bay Gvozdev Novgorod fire-fighting are members of the hunting economy This Hunting Amur branch of WWF Russia was given a powerful blower "Husqvarna 356" - one of those that were purchased last year at the expense of the supporters of WWF.

 In the past 5 years, WWF is making systematic efforts to create an effective system of preventing and extinguishing fires in south-west of Primorye, the project for the conservation and restoration of forest habitats of the rarest cats of the planet - the leopard.

Beginning in 2009 for the early detection of fires on Earth Leopard WWF uses information about "hot spots" produced by the automatic processing of satellite images from the scanner MODIS. And since the fall fire season in 2010, constantly updated information on sources of ignition in the south-west Primorye placed in a specialized cartographic web service " Fire on Earth Leopard ", developed by NGO" Transparent World "at the initiative of WWF Russia.

For the first time to detect fires in the world of Leopard will be used and the CCTV cameras, installed by WWF in one of the areas with the greatest fire hazard in the tower of mobile communication of MTS.

 "In May this year for the restoration of coniferous-deciduous forests on Earth, we plan to Leopard with the help of volunteers to plant one million seedlings of cedar.  Funds for these large-scale planting to help return the land to Leopard former appearance, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) provided to Citibank. But the success of this work depends largely on whether the restored forests are protected from fire, "- said the head of Forest Programme of WWF-Russia Amur branch Denis Smirnov.

Flammable period began, and WWF-Russia calls on the administration of Khasan, Nadezhda and Ussuri regions of Primorye, land and all the inhabitants of the Earth Leopard to do everything possible to save from the fires of this unique territory of Russia.

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15 février 2011 2 15 /02 /février /2011 04:57

Après l'échec (programmé) du projet tigre en Iran - voir  sur ce blog, 8 Janvier -, les russes semblent prêts à se donner les moyens pour réussir celle des léopards dans le caucase.


Info WWF Russia 14 Février.

When a leopard disappeared from the Russian Caucasus caused by man. The Government of the Russian Federation and WWF want to bring back a beautiful cat in the Caucasus and for this purpose was brought from Iran and Turkmenistan, four leopard breeding center and the rehabilitation of the Sochi National Park.  Their descendants have begun a new population of Near Eastern or Caucasus, the leopard.  However, the formation of a pair of leopards is difficult and the outcome of their meetings entirely unpredictable.

 Initially, two leopards - Alousa and Mino - placed in adjacent cages.   The female often rolls over his back, the male methyl territory, the animals walked along a wall parallel to the enclosure.  This behavior is typical for the two cats who show each other interesting.

Therefore, experts have decided to move to the second stage of dating and put in a cage to the Mino Alousu.

Grabbed a female leopard at the withers - that's what makes males at the beginning of mating. However, the young and inexperienced Mino misunderstood the intentions of the leopard and began to defend, thinking he was attacking her.

The next meeting was also held not very smooth. This time it was misunderstanding on the part of Alousa.  Minot had the imprudence to sit next to the manger, and the leopard aggressively chased her.  After that, experts have decided to once again divide leopards.

However, WWF believes that leopards can still feel the mutual sympathy.  Leopard will be living in neighboring cages, get used to each other - tells the coordinator for the biological diversity of WWF-Russia Vladimir Krever.  - We will hold another meeting in 1-2 months.

"Even when the" A Very Long Engagement "will be held safely, waiting for the offspring of leopards could be delayed: the captive breeding is much more complicated than in the wild" - says Umar Semenov, Deputy Director of the Sochi National Park.

In 2007-2010, thanks to the support of the ski resort of Rose Farm, Vimpelcom (Beeline brand »), WWF and the Ministry of Russia have developed this project, began construction of the Centre Breeding and Rehabilitation, was brought from Turkmenistan males and females from Iran, organized a survey of leopards veterinarians. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has completed construction of the Centre and ensure its operation and maintenance of leopards.

WWF is now seeking new partners and new media. Necessary funding for the construction of large cages in the Caucasian Reserve, which will bring 1-1,5-year-old leopard hunting for training. Aviary inhabit deer and wild boars to leopardyata can learn to earn their own food.  Funds are also needed for the importation of new ecologists leopards from Iran - for one or even two pairs for continued rehabilitation program is insufficient.

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13 février 2011 7 13 /02 /février /2011 09:00

Par une belle journée ensoleillée, les eaux de l'Ob luisaient, comme recouvertes d'huile, quand un mugissement se fit entendre au milieu du fleuve. On aurait dit que des milliers de vagues se brisaient sur la rive escarpée, et un esturgeon énorme, aussi grand qu'une île envahie de mélèzes, surgit des flots.

Roman Rouguine. La chatte qui a sauvé le monde.2008. Eds. Paulsen.



Après un changement d'attitude vis à vis de leurs grands félins sauvages (explicite depuis l'an dernier), les Russes semblent prêts, à un niveau officiel, à accorder la priorité à leurs forêts à partir de cette année (voir mon blog d'hier, source WWF Russia du même jour (en russe)). 

Comme l'a parfaitement démontré Gilbert Cochet, à travers ses publications d'une part, l'action de son association "Forêts Sauvages" sur le Bassin Supérieur Allier - Loire, la reconstitution de la fonctionnalité d'un système naturel nécessite la libération des organes vitaux du complexe hydroforestier dans son ensemble. 

En Russie, en 2012, prioriser, dans une démarche d'ensemble comparable, la dynamique fluviale, permettrait l'instauration (et de fait, la reconstruction) d'un véritable bouclier territorial. 

Il s'agit de redonner à de vastes espaces continus leur fonctionnalité pleine et entière, impliquant, à terme, la présence influente de tous les membres de l'arc floro - faunistique.

Sur un plan institutionnel, le degré de naturalité doit être officiellement intégré comme un

socio - indicateur pertinent, voire essentiel.

En Russie, tout est plus vaste. Le centre du pays se dépeuple depuis plusieurs années. comme l'a montré le dernier recensement, au 4ème trimestre de l'an dernier, ce sont désormais des milliers de villages qui sont soit totalement abandonnés, soit habités par une ou deux personnes. Les projets de "Rewilding Europe", d'une ampleur certes,significative, changeraient ici d'échelle.

Quelques données sur les fleuves russes

La Volga, premier fleuve d'Europe devant le Danube (voir carte sur le site Europe Rivers Network), n'est que le cinquième en Russie, derrière l'Ob, l'Ienissei, la Lena, l'Irtych et l'Amour. Le bassin Ob - Irtych couvre une superficie six fois supérieure à celle de la France hexagonale. L'Angara, émissaire du lac Baïkal et affluent de l'Ienissei, a un bassin plus vaste que celui du Danube. Celui de la Kolyma est à peine inférieure à ce dernier (et bien mieux préservé).

Les bassins de l'Ob, de l'Ienissei et de la Lena constituent un continuum de plus de 8 millions de km2. 

Voir carte et références sur "Liste des cours d'eau de Russie - wikipedia -".


Un retour progressif à la normale après des siècles de folie destructrice assureraient au pays (comme ce fut le cas dans son lointain passé) une armature biologique de protection beaucoup plus efficace que des atermoiements militaro - diplomatico - économiques vis - à - vis de la Chine et des Etats - Unis, qui ne font que révéler la faiblesse russe à ces prédateurs assoiffés.

Et ce ne sont pas les khantis de l'Ob (communauté de l'écrivain Roman Rouguine, cité au début de cet article) ou les quelques Nganassan (vivant plus au Nord du bassin), du merveilleux film estonien de Arvo Iho "le coeur de l'ours" (2001) qui s'en plaindraient!

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12 février 2011 6 12 /02 /février /2011 05:19



Après des années de gabegie destructrice et un été 2010 désastreux et traumatique, la Russie semble être à un tournant dans le regard qu'elle porte sur sa forêt, maison commune des hommes et des animaux et seule véritable protectrice du pays. Le Code Forestier, toujours calamiteux en l'état, va être amendé. Et pour la première fois, la Russie se réfère aux normes américaines, ce sur quoi insistait depuis des années Yuri Bersenev, le Directeur du Parc Zov Tigra (voir les détails sur le diaporama programmatique du Parc, accessible sur la page d'accueil de mon site "4 continents pour les tigres").

Nous rappelons simplement ici que la forêt sub - arctique de la Russie occidentale et centrale est le plus vaste complexe forestier au monde. Il reste, à ce jour, quasiment intact.


February 10 in Moscow with the participation of WWF held a meeting to discuss the intermediate results of implementation of the program in Russia to improve law enforcement and governance in the forestry sector in the FLEG process.


ENP program FLEG "" Improving law enforcement and governance in the forestry sector in the eastern direction of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and Russia " is implemented by the World Wildlife Fund, World Bank and World Conservation Union, with support from the European Union and is aimed at combating illegal logging, trade in illegal timber and corruption in the forestry sector.

In a short period of time since the beginning of the program achieved significant results, which coordinators ENP FLEG of the implementing organizations presented at the meeting of the National Advisory Committee for the program, held under the chairmanship of Deputy Head of Federal Forestry Agency Alexander Panfilov.  WWF acted as head of Forest Programme Elena Kulikova.


WWF in the framework of the program conducted a number of activities in which participants learned about the relationship of forest changes in European forest legislation aimed at preventing the export of illegal timber and timber products from it.  

 Under the new law, EU companies supplying wood to the European market must prove its legality, including  through the use of systems for tracking the origin of wood.  In this regard, WWF carried out a comparative analysis of such systems used by forestry companies in Russia, as well as government accounting methods and control of wood, began work on the harmonization of practices of forest companies and government approaches .

 Another important result of the implementation of the ENP program FLEG in Russia associated with the improvement of Russian forest legislation.  Coordinated by the WWF-Russia program experts in collaboration with Russian NGOs participated in the preparation of amendments to the Forestry Code .  Some of them are addressed in the revised Code, effective January 1, 2011

Among the significant results of the holding of the first independent ranking of quality of forest management in regions of Russia .  Started as a pioneer initiative of WWF in the framework of the WWF and IKEA partnership for sustainable forest management, he continued the program of the ENP FLEG by holding a big communications work.  Rating forest management became a matter of forest policy at the state level, since   in October 2010, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said the need to evaluate the effectiveness of the functions of forest regions of Russia.

 "After years of reluctance of the authorities to hear the voice of the public regarding forest management, finally starting to change, - says Elena Kulikova, Head of Forest Program of WWF Russia.  - For the first time since the adoption of the Forest Code in 2006, a number of amendments proposed by community environmental non-governmental organizations (though not all!) Are taken into account methods of work that evaluates the results of the forestry decentralization (rating of forest management in the region) growing interest in distributed information we have about the changes in EU legislation and the U.S. to prevent illegal trade of wood products".

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9 février 2011 3 09 /02 /février /2011 08:09



La décision s'est cristallisée après la découverte d'une jeune tigresse morte de faim et d'infections multiples, le 20 janvier dernier. La marche à la mort d'un animal dans la Nature est un phénomène banal. Tout naturaliste sait ce qu'il peut avoir de douloureux et d'épouvantablement atroce. Vladimir Heptner, au début des années 70, avait fait le tour de la littérature scientifique des 19ème et 20ème siècles sur la question. Il avait notamment évoqué le décès par "dystrophie alimentaire" d'un jeune tigre affamé, qui, en désespoir de cause, avait fini par consommer du lichen.

Ce qui change aujourd'hui est le fait que cette information, écologiquement banale, je le répète, soit reprise sur le site officiel de Vladimir Poutine, avec hommage rendu à Viktor Yudin, qui oeuvre seul, jusqu'à présent, et depuis des décennies, à la remise sur pied et la réadaptation des animaux au milieu naturel, dans son modeste centre de reproduction du village de Gaivoron.


To increase chances for tigers’ survival in future it is necessary to build a rehabilitation centre in Primorye for sick, injured and orphaned tigers where rescued animals will receive a physical exam, medical treatment and given professional care. The good news is that the Russian Government has approved this idea and is now funding base costs of the project. Construction of the rehabilitation center has now begun in the Nadezhdinsky district of Primorski Krai. The $184,000 project will be managed by the A.N. Severtsov Ecology and Evolution Institute. The Institute has already received 50% of the base funding from the Russian Federation government and is seeking financial support from foreign donors and environmental NGOs to cover the running cost of the center. The rehabilitation centre, which is expected to be the largest one of its kind in Russia, is scheduled to be built by August 31, 2011. There will be 3-hectare enclosures, big enough for the big cats to roam, where predators will be prepared for living in the wild. There, tigers will be trained to hunt prey species and will develop fear of humans, prior to their release into the forests of the Russian Far East.

Up to now, hearted and orphaned cubs  were transferred to the Tiger Breeding Centre at the Gaivoron village to be prepared for reintroduction into the wild. The centre's staff includes Viktor Yudin, PhD in Biology and a prominent expert in predatory mammals (source Prime Minister V. Putin). 


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8 février 2011 2 08 /02 /février /2011 20:25



Les zones humides holarctiques sont probablement des espaces dont la fonctionnalité sera décisive pour l'avenir de l'humanité (voir 22 Janvier : Arctagaïa, la guerre du Nord). La mise en place de plans leur assurant une dynamique de développement spontané et un niveau croissant de naturalité peut être engagée sans délai. Il existe déjà, depuis 40 ans, un outil institutionnel pour celà. Les blocages anthropologiques à l'oeuvre depuis la deuxième moitié du 19ème siècle, qui ont fortement contrarié son usage jusqu'à présent, commencent à s'effriter. Des initiatives audacieuses, conçues par des esprits résolus, ont désormais plus de chances de se concrétiser. 

Zones humides : quatre nouveaux sites protégés au Mexique


 Avec ces quatre nouvelles zones humides, le Mexique protège désormais quelque 9 millions d'hectares grâce à la convention de Ramsar. En France, la superficie des zones humides ainsi protégées s'étend à ce jour sur 3.290 578 hectares, en comparaison. Comme le rapporte le site Goodplanet, ce sont la lagune de Cuyutlan, située dans l'Etat de Colima, l'estuaire du Soldado dans le Sonora, El Jaguey dans l'Etat d'Aguascalientes, et la Presa de Silva à Guanajuato, qui seront désormais protégés au Mexique.

Les zones humides offrent une biodiversité unique, aux vertus biologiques, hydrologiques et économiques incomparables (elles sont notamment encore bien plus efficientes que les forêts dans la capture du CO2). Elles abritent de nombreuses espèces d'oiseaux, de plantes, d'insectes et de poissons, dont certaines sont menacées.

 Alors qu'en France, 50% de ces sites ont disparu entre 1960 et 1990, la convention de Ramsar vise à lutter contre cette érosion, en assurant la conservation et l'utilisation durable des zones humides.

Alors que le Mexique ajoutait de nouveaux sites à la convention, la ministre de l'Ecologie Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet annonçait le même jour le prochain lancement d'un appel à candidatures pour la création du premier parc national de zones humides français...



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3 février 2011 4 03 /02 /février /2011 20:43

En 2010, les russes ont massivement compris qu'il était important d'agir pour leurs tigres. En 2011, ce sera pour leurs forêts.

Never before has the fate of a rare species of animals has not been so riveted attention of the public and governments.

The central event of the year Tiger was the International Forum on tiger conservation , which was held in St. Petersburg Summit on 21-24 November 2010 This was the historic Declaration and Programme for tiger conservation in the world.  Simultaneously with the forum in St. Petersburg, Vladivostok was a youth forum on tiger conservation , which brought together young leaders from the same 13 countries.

On the eve of the Forum was published with trategiya tiger conservation in Russia , which will coordinate all necessary measures to protect the Amur tiger.

  In the Year of the Tiger WWF formulated 8 measures necessary to conserve the Amur tiger:

1.   Strengthen the environmental control

2. Toughen penalties for illegal trade, possession and transportation of tiger skin, his body parts and products from them

3.  A ban on felling of cedar

4.To increase the number of wild ungulates

5. Alleviate the conflict between man and tiger

6. Complete the formation of a bound system of protected areas (PAs).

7. Implement a program of Russian-Chinese border cooperation.

8.To ensure that Russia Action Plan for the Amur tiger conservation which will include all these measures, and provide a significant portion of their funding from the federal budget

In the past year much has been achieved, namely:

- Cedar was listed as a banned felling of rocks

- The Government gave instructions to strengthen the environmental control

- Increased funding to work with ungulates

- Taken as a conservation lease one of the most valuable areas Bikinsko nut-fishing zones - nearly 500.000 ha in the Bikin River basin, and prepared the documentation to incorporate the territory into Bikin UNESCO World Heritage Site

  - Prime Minister V. Putin promises given by the Russian-Chinese cross-border cooperation programs and assistance to China in the reconstruction of the Amur tiger population in Changbai Mountains

. - Action Plan for the Amur tiger conservation is under consideration, the total funding for tiger conservation in Russia increased.

"International Forum on tiger conservation and a program to restore its strength - it is a huge step forward - said Igor Chestin, Director of WWF Russia.  - But this is only the beginning.  Now we need to combine efforts by countries and partners around the world to turn the momentum and the promises made in 2010 into real action to preserve and increase the number of tigers.  Tigers no longer have the time, so now we can not rest on our laurels. "

As part of the campaign WWF held a number of outstanding shares - both during a rally Tigers in "the projection of the tigers" skimmed "by the Kremlin wall, and other landmark buildings in Moscow and St. Petersburg; staff WWF« escorted the "messengers of Amur tigers from papier-mache who came from Vladivostok to Moscow and then to St. Petersburg to attend the Forum, and now everyone can take part in actions "Adopt a Tiger" and turn into a tiger avatar.wwf.ru, having participated in Internet stocks , "Accept wild type - Keep a wild look! ".

Total partner companies "adopt" about 120 tigers.

WWF also says a huge "thank you" for supporting the proponents of Commons, who took an active part in the Year of the Tiger - because "adopt" 102 Tiger (and continue to adopt!) , for having stood in the huge figure of a tiger on the Sparrow Hills, voted for a ban on felling of cedar and danced for Tiger Ball WWF and funds for firefighting equipment on the ground tiger in the Far East.


Exist today in our country, forest management practices focused on the development of more and more forest areas, including   timber in securities in terms of biodiversity conservation forests.   As a result, the prevalence of clear-cutting and lack of care for the forest structure of the forest deteriorates, productive spruce and pine forests give way to aspen and birch forests of little value.   Economically accessible forests is becoming less and less and need to invest huge amounts of money to get to the remaining forests and take out timber, commodity whose quality leaves much to be desired. This is particularly a problem for the North-West Russia, which still exist in Europe the last intact forest landscapes . Indigenous taiga forests in the Arkhangelsk region and Komi Republic recognized the value of the global scale, but the current model of forest threatens to destroy them for a couple of decades, and then hack will have nothing that would be a disaster for the forest regions.  According to experts WWF, a similar situation is beginning to emerge in the Siberian forests.

Creating Rosleshoz ad hoc working group to address increasing intensification of forest management and forest management suggests that the government finally comes to realize that long-term pioneering method of forest exploitation is the forest industry in Russia to a standstill. WWF Russia and other environmental organizations have long said that the intensification of forest management should not be at the expense of increasing the area of cutting, but at the expense of obtaining a greater effect in cutting traffic. According to environmentalists, Russia needs to develop a quality management on already developed, accessibility and productive forest land to grow timber, while retaining old-growth forests.

The very idea is not new, it has been successful in the Scandinavian countries. In Finland and leeboard long used a model whose essence is to grow the forest and care for him.  This reduces the area of exploited forest areas and increase the efficiency of agriculture in general.

Successful examples of the development of new forestry practices are in Russia.  One of the pioneers began to draft WWF «Pskov Model Forest, who created a model of sustainable forest management, in which repeatedly increases the economic efficiency of forest management. In this project demonstrated how to use a landscape approach in the planning, conservation of biological diversity and to involve people and processes of forest management.  In short, to implement the principles of sustainable forest management.

  "We believe the actions the Federal Forestry Agency in the direction of the intensification of forest management an economically accessible forest lands an important step towards sustainable forest management - said the head of Forest Programme WWF Elena Kulikova. . - We hope that the project design WWF, first and foremost, Pskov Model Forest Project, will be used Rosleshoz to the intensification of forest management was not at the expense of environmental and social aspects. "



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2 février 2011 3 02 /02 /février /2011 09:57

En ce jour de célébration de la Nature Sauvage, je me permets cette banalité, cette évidence, pourtant inaudible socialement jusqu'alors, et qui, peut - être, commence à être perçue .

Comme loutres et saumons sont des bio indicateurs symptômatiques de la santé des eaux vives, l'état de la grande faune sauvage et des milieux qui l'hébergent est un indicateur sociopolitique pertinent de la qualité des systèmes d'organisation des communautés humaines. La Tunisie, puis l'Egypte sont le théâtre de changements politiques qui sont les conséquences naturelles des modifications sociologiques profondes qu'ont connu ces pays au cours de ces dernières décennies. Les mutations sociales finissent par faire craquer les coutures de la camisole de force institutionnelle.

C'est vrai aussi pour la Russie, où les autorités sont désormais interpellées selon un argumenteur inédit et révélateur.

Ainsi, dans le Primorye extrême oriental, les basculements des représentations collectives en cours (voir blog du 31 décembre 2010) couronnés par la victoire du 26 octobre (voir blog du même jour) n'enlèvent rien, pour l'heure, à l'extraordinaire âpreté de la vie pour les hommes comme pour les animaux au cours de cet hiver, dans cette terre des frontières décidément si cruelle. Ce qui amène Pavel Fomenko, responsable et agent de terrain WWF Russie pour les grands carnivores, à s'adresser aux représentants politiques fédéraux en ces termes :

"In late February, I will have to re-work on monitoring the tiger on the Blue River, then a general analysis of the situation with the Tigers at all venues.   But now it is clear that the issue of tiger survival is directly dependent on the socio-economic situation in the country, honest and competent work of the authorities, service specially-authorized agencies.

And Tiger is, in this case, an indicator of these processes" .


Ce qui émerge à l'Est aujourd'hui, fera bientôt surface à l'Ouest.

"Ohé, Compagnon..."

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2 février 2011 3 02 /02 /février /2011 07:17


Life and the future of the Amur River - in the hands of people living on its banks


  February 2 - International Day of Wetlands. On the snowy plains of Russia's Far East with the frosts of -10 to -50, this date may cause confusion.  What swamps?  In fact, the day chosen for a reason.   February 2 is carried out mass registration of all waterfowl to their wintering areas in Asia.  At this time there are a peak number of birds in wetlands, lakes, and reservoirs.

All the birds have flown before "winter quarters", but no one has ever moved back.

For the curious: flying off from Russia in the fall, our storks, for example, for a month or two linger in Northeast China, to feed on harvested fields, and then fly to the Yangtze.  Live in warmth and comfort of the coldest time, feeding on the moor, and in early March gets under way in return.  A Far Eastern curlew flies for winter in Australia - for five thousand kilometers!

Cupid - the most important flyway for migratory birds.  Vast flocks descend ducks, geese, shorebirds on the lake and marsh tributaries of the river, resting, waiting out bad weather, supported during the multi-day trip.  And for the 300 species of birds Amur River basin - a place where they were born, grew up and where to return each year to build a nest and bring offspring.  This is where the nest 95% of the world's remaining Far storks, 65% Japanese and 50% Daurian cranes.

A huge freshwater ecoregion is divided between China, Mongolia and Russia.  On the Russian side in the Amur basin located Transbaikalia, Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krai, Amur and Jewish AutonomousRegion.  In 2003, to deal with these subjects of the Russian Federation was created by the Coordinating Committee on Sustainable Development in the Amur River basin to develop common policies and strategies for managing the environmental situation.

  In 2009, the powers of the President of the Coordinating Committee referred to the Trans-Baikal Territory.  Deputy Governor of the Territory Eugene Vishnyakov became the youngest chairman in the history of the committee.  In the Committee's work plan for the next three years, the main attention is paid to the legislative initiative.  Necessary to achieve adoption of the Federal Law on environmental management in the Amur River basin, a series of measures to promote international cooperation with neighboring countries in the sphere of nature management and environmental protection.

  The most important environmental task is to review the Scheme of complex use and protection of water bodies of the Russian side of the Amur River Basin (SKIOVO).

Free-flowing Amur River without dams on the mainstream - the main principle of the integrated management of river, and this idea is supported by WWF and Co-ordinating Committee.

On the tributaries of the Amur - river Zeya and Bureya already constructed hydroelectric power station, and the impact of their impact on hundreds of kilometers downstream: floodplain dry off, disappearing lakes and spawning grounds.  Necessary to provide environmental  releases (additional water discharge)  in order to preserve the unique fish fauna of the Amur.  Spring during the spawning water from reservoirs should be reset to fish could spawn.  Each species spawn at a certain depth and at a certain temperature.

Artificial structures have violated centuries of evolving a system of reproduction of the inhabitants of a river.  Releases will nourish wetlands that accumulate water and store it until the dry months, as reservoirs, providing food of cranes and storks nesting in marshes and near them.

Acute problem of settlement of the Amur River Basin water resources between countries.  China had violated international agreements and dug a channel to Lake Dalaynor. As a result of Argun - one of the sources of the Amur River, grows shallow, the number of cranes that are included in the international Red Book, is falling.  On the agenda - the creation of a biosphere reserve on the landfill Daursky Argun.  Only scientists can track the situation with a change in watering areas and in time to prevent the catastrophic effects of drought.

An essential part of the integrated protection of water bodies of the Russian part of the Amur River Basin (SKIOVO) is developed by WWF international program of the Green Belt Cupid "to create a transboundary network of protected areas in Russia, China and Mongolia.  Already have successful experience of cooperation trilateral Russian-Chinese-Mongolian reserve "Dauria, bilateral Russian-Chinese nature reserve" Hank ".  For animals there are no borders, they choose those places where there is food and shelter.  Signed an agreement to work together Sokhondinsky State Nature Biosphere Reserve (the Trans-Baikal Region), and the Onon-Baldzhinskogo National Park (Mongolia), between the reserve Khinganskiy (Amur region) and Honghe (PRC), nature reserves "Bastak (EAO) and Bachadao" (PRC), reserves Bolshekhekhtsirsky (Khabarovsk Territory) and Sanchzhyan (PRC).

In the Green Belt Cupid "should include all important for nature conservation wetlands.  At the initiative of WWF Amur region created the Upper Amur reserve.  A unique piece of the floodplain of the Amur is rich in endemic plants, which grow nowhere else.  In Khabarovsk Krai created Sanctuary Aistiny ": a large array of wetlands Mezhuyev rivers and Chorus Podhorenok became the home for 8-10 pairs of storks.  This territory was taken under protection and will soon begin construction of artificial support for nests, the number of birds will increase.  In the Jewish Autonomous Region is working to translate the regional reserve "Zabelovsky in a clustered area of the reserve" Bastak.  This will improve the status of wetlands and enhance the protection regime.  Dozens of species of fish spawn in lakes and streams in Zabelovke, hundreds of birds build their nests there.  On how clean and productive wetlands in the floodplain will depend the health of the Amur River.  Indeed, any river cleans itself.  In so doing, it helps marshes that pass water through a pad of peat moss filter and purify it from contaminants.  Natural laboratory works in any weather.

  A separate unit in terms of there preparations for and conduct of the "Days of Cupid. The foundation was laid in 2003 with the inter-regional campaign "Preservation Wave" was organized by 18 specially protected natural areas located in the basin.  More than 20,000 Far East have received information about what is interesting and valuable to the nature of the ecosystem of the Amur river, what problems exist and in what ways you can solve them.  In 2004 there was an action "Stork of Cupid."  At this time the movement began, "Guardians aistinyh nests", which allowed the Red Book pasportizirovat all nests birds carry Fireproofing nesting trees, and where there are no big trees - to begin to put artificial support. Thanks to all measures, the number of storks in the Amur region, for example, has increased in 1,8 times!

And then in the promotion of environmental issues including the Amur children.  At first it was an action of "Green Shield Black Dragon," during which more than 25,000 schoolchildren 5 Russian subjects of the Amur basin clean beaches of lakes and rivers, springs and restored the plant around their trees, the birds were met and cared for wintering birds.  Practical things Russian children caught the attention of adults in China and Mongolia.  Children of all three countries have begun to draw the "Friends of the Amur. International exhibition of 120 paintings traveled around the pool for two years.  At the same time was preparing documents for the hearings in the State Duma on the Amur River.  Children's drawings, posters, poems, and inversion were an illustration of the fact that all the inhabitants of the region, from small to big, want to help the river to be clean and remain free of dams.

2008 was declared the Year of WWF Ramsar sites in the Amur River basin.  Lake Hanka, Bolon, Torey and Udyl - they sometimes do not even know the inhabitants of the territory or region in which they are located.  Exhibition of photographs and drawings, booklets, posters and flyers, hundreds of "swamp", which came up with schoolchildren, animating themselves marshes and their inhabitants, as custodians of water and biodiversity, have helped to tell is accessible and interesting for Wetlands of International Importance.

  Administration and regions of the Amur Region organized many activities to promote the Amur river, but they were apart, at different times and with different slogans.  In 2009, by decision of the Coordinating Committee on Sustainable Development in the Amur basin Seminar on Planning of "Days of Cupid" common to the entire basin.  It combines action, which will help the public and the authorities realize that the problems with all living on the Amur river, alone, and decide they must work together.

During the "Days of Cupid" will be held press conferences, roundtables, student online conference.  March 14, International Day against dams, will discuss the problem of construction of hydropower stations on the rivers and their impact on nature in the three territories and two areas of the basin.  In 2011 begin inter-regional action "River belt, which will end the festival" Days of Cupid.  Each region and the region will be prepared for this event, and then all together organized a grand celebration in honor of the great river, which feeds water them, and protects the people living on its banks.  Cupid is worthy of respect and care, like a river, around which live and thrive on its wealth of citizens of the three states.

For further information please contact Svetlana Titova, Program Coordinator of WWF-Russia Amur branch of PAs STitova @ amur.wwf.ru

Future depends on today's Amur-making
WWF urges the regions located in the Amur basin, to perform order of the President to prepare federal target program for the protection and ecologically sustainable use of water and biological resources of the Amur.


February 2, World Day of wetlands and a day of celebrating the 40 anniversary of the Ramsar Convention, in reserves and in the capitals of regions of the Amur Region will be held press conferences and roundtables on "Days of Cupid."  This two-year campaign was launched in the Far East last year by the decision of the Coordinating Committee on the Amur.  For the first time all five subjects of the Russian Federation, located in the basin of the river, started a general awareness campaign, whose mission - to draw attention to problems of preservation of ecosystems of the Amur River basin.

  Amuru lucky. May 27, 2010 a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council on the reform of public administration in environmental matters. At the initiative of the Governor of Khabarovsk Krai Vyacheslav Shport issue of the Amur was considered at the meeting.   President Dmitry Medvedev approved the list of instructions to the Government. Vladimir Putin, together with the executive authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation should prepare a draft federal target program, which envisages the implementation of measures for conservation, including the transboundary impact, and the environmentally sustainable use of water and biological resources of the Amur River Basin.  Now the regions involved in the preparation of a joint project of such a program, which will include both the social and economic development of the basin, as well as environmental issues unique river, one of the 4 major rivers in the world who do not have dams on the mainstream.

 The whole of last year was under development "schemes of complex use and protection of water bodies (SKIOVO) on the Amur River Basin."  The challenge was performed scientists.  The apotheosis of the work should be a discussion of this Scheme regional officials, scholars and the public. The scheme must undergo public hearings and be sent to the state ecological examination. Today it is clear that SKIOVO not include some aspects of biodiversity conservation pool, not paid attention to transboundary issues.  But on the banks of the Amur, except Russia, are China and Mongolia.

"SKIOVO should become the main instrument for the use of the Amur River in the next 10 years - says Yuri Darman, director of the Amur Branch of WWF Russia.  - Amour - Russian-Chinese river.  In November, the international Tiger Forum, a meeting of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao, in which it was said that the country will strengthen relations between the construction of oil and gas pipelines.

China is willing to invest in forestry and agriculture, the mining industry.  Therefore, it is now important to evaluate the one hand, the possibility of economic development in the Amur basin, on the other side - the threat to river ecosystem. We fear that China is willing to invest in construction of hydropower plants on the mainstream, against what has already performed all the governors of regions and areas located in the basin. This year, China needs to complete a program of specially protected natural areas - the Green Belt of the Amur. We hope that this issue would be discussed in September at an international meeting of the Amur - 2011.

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1 février 2011 2 01 /02 /février /2011 19:39

Le 29 janvier dernier, j'avais publié une page illustrant le projet d'une "Chandelours" thématiquement élargie, préparé conjointement par Stéphane Carbonnaux et moi même au cours du mois qui s'est achevé hier. Pour en prendre la juste  mesure, allez sur le blog de Stéphane Carbonnaux et Marie Coquet "Nature Sauvage et Civilisation", et découvrez tout ce qui y a été publié aujourd'hui. Point n'est besoin de commentaire particulier. Vous comprendrez.


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