On March 14 the International Day of Action Against Dams and 22 March - World Water Day in 5 regions of the Amur River basin will
be round tables, press conferences, meetings of the Public Councils, collection of signatures in support of the Shilka
"20 years ago, the project Shilkinskoy HPS was considered the most inefficient possible in the Amur basin
- and not only environmentalists, but also specialists "Soyuzintervoda"
and "Lengidroproekt.This target was not included in the recommended number of Russian-Chinese
commission on water resources of the Amur. However, the project is the 50s of last century trying
to revive again, just to get investment from China, contrary to the interests of nature and local people ", - said PhD, Director of WWF Russia Amur branch Yuri
Darman, co-chair of scientific and public Council Coordinating Committee on Sustainable Development of the Amur basin.
The motto of the actions of the Week of Action in defense of the river Shilka will be a tough sentence: "Shilka - the source of the Amur River, the death of the Shilka - Death of Cupid."
What now threatens Shilka, the source of the most affluent of the great rivers of Asia, which, in essence, is the beginning of
the main channel of the Amur River and provides nearly two-thirds of the flow at the confluence with the Argun?
In June 2011 the company En + / Evrosibenergo and the largest hydropower Corporation of
China "Yangtze Power" announced plans to build the Trans-Siberian
(Shilkinskoy) hydropower plant in the lower reaches of the river Shilka.
February 18, 2012 at a round table in Krasnoyarsk Valery Rudnev, director of the Krasnoyarsk branch of JSC
"Siberian ENTC," said that by the order of "EuroSibEnergo" they are preparing the documentation for the Trans-Siberian (Shilkinskoy) HPS and develop a declaration of intent necessary to justify the
investment in construction. And despite the fact that the Trans-Siberian (Shilkinskaya) HPS is not officially included in any energy program in Russia, nor in the program of socio-economic development of
the Far East and Transbaikal region, nor in the Scheme of complex use and protection of water bodies Amur basin.
On the tributaries of the Amur river - rivers See and Bureya already built hydro, and their influence affects many hundreds of kilometers
downstream: floodplain dries, disappearing lakes and spawning grounds. At WWF developed a simple and reliable method of basin-wide
analysis calculated that the specific damage to the ecosystem of the Amur basin hydropower plant in the lower reaches of the Shilka is about 2.3 times worse on
indicators of environmental impacts per kilowatt-hour than the existing and the Zeya hydroelectric Bureyskaya.In comparison
with those considered by WWF in the Amur basin hydroelectric project 55, the Trans-Siberian (Shilkinskaya) HPS is among the ten worst both in absolute and in terms
of specific indicators of environmental impacts.
First, hydroelectric dam blocks a further 10% of the Amur basin, blocking the migration routes of fish and
other organisms, sediment runoff, and a communication channel for the main tributary of the Amur.
Second, in the lower reaches of the reservoir will be created Shilka area of 500 square kilometers,
flooding has mastered the pioneers of the valley farmland and historic villages. It will increase another 17% of the
existing area of artificial seas.
Third, the flow control will lead to additional loss of 3% of all flood-lands of the Amur, with a heavy
blow on the mountain will have the Upper Amur, where you will lose up to 50% of original verhneamurskih floodplain ecosystems, whose total area is very limited.
Creation of the Trans-Siberian hydropower plant will cause the accumulation of contaminants in the reservoir and the subsequent secondary
pollution of the Upper Amur. The dam in the lower reaches of the Shilka undermine recent
populations of valuable species of fish not only in the vicinity of the reservoir, but also in the pool Shilka in general, and in 10-20 years will be depleted fish stocks up to the cross-border
Onon, where touristic fishing today is an important source of income of the Mongolian population. Subject to flooding in the valley of the Shilka - is also a major migration corridor for the enrichment of the Far Eastern and Siberian flora and fauna, the habitat of rare species
for the Trans-Baikal.
From the perspective of WWF, the environmental costs of this project extremely high. and implementation of its projects is not allowed on a par with the main channel of the Amur. After
construction of the facility the total environmental impact of Russian hydro on tributaries of the Amur to grow by 50%, while total production of electricity will increase by only 17%
The Coordinating Committee on Sustainable Development of the Amur River basin in September 2011 gave a sharply
negative assessment on the idea of hydro Shilka. The Committee proposed the deletion of the Trans-Siberian hydroelectric
power station from the list of planned construction of hydroelectric power. This is associated with risks to the Amur basin
as a whole, and the downstream regions, in particular.
The scientists and the public, students and pupils of the Trans-Baikal Territory, the Amur region, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk
Krai and Primorye begin "A week of action in defense of the Shilka. We demand not to include the Trans-Siberian (Shilkinskuyu) hydroelectric power development plans and to stop the development of feasibility studies for
investment in construction. This idea is supported by
trade unions of the Khabarovsk Territory and Amur Region.