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23 juillet 2015 4 23 /07 /juillet /2015 05:07

Le léopard d'Anatolie, présumé éteint depuis 1974, hante encore certaines zones de Turquie orientale. Le cadavre découvert le 18 juillet est celui d'un léopardeau. Or, les femelles de cet animal ont des portées de 2 ou 3 chatons... Daily Sabah (Life) ce jour. Agence Anadolu. Tunceli (Turquie). "Carcass identified as leopard species thought to be extinct".

The manager of the Forestry and Water Affairs Ministry's Malatya regional office, Ayhan Deligöz, announced the animal carcass that was found in the Boğalı village of the eastern Anatolian province of Tunceli's Pülümür district on July 18 was an infant Anatolian leopard. He said an Anatolian leopard gives birth to two to three offspring at once, and claimed other family members of the dead leopard are probably living within Turkey's borders.

Speaking to an Anadolu Agency (AA) reporter, Deligöz said although the animal carcass was under water for a long time, tests confirmed it was an animal belonging to felidae, which is the taxonomic family of cats. As the animal was unrecognizable, scientists collected tissue samples to identify the animal's DNA and send the samples to the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey's (TÜBİTAK) Marmara Research Center. However, Professor Şağdan Başkaya of Karadeniz Technical University's (KTÜ) Faculty of Forestry Wildlife Ecology and Management identified the animal carcass as an Anatolian leopard while studying the photos. Expressing his happiness about the discovery, Deligöz said Turkey is the natural habitat of the Anatolian leopard. "This demonstrates the diversity and richness of wildlife in Turkey," Deligöz continued. Stressing that the animal carcass, which was decaying when it was discovered, showed no signs of any blunt force or wounds by firearms, Deligöz confirmed the 50-centimeter-long animal was an infant. The carcass was sent to Fırat University's Faculty of Veterinary Science in order for further studies to be conducted. Following the scientific studies on the carcass, the skeleton of the Anatolian leopard will be displayed at the Malatya Wildlife Museum as well as in Tunceli.

On Sunday, authorities reported an animal carcass that was found in a stream bed in a village in Tunceli is thought to belong to an endangered Anatolian leopard, a leopard subspecies native to southeastern Turkey that is believed to have gone extinct and has not been seen since 1974.

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21 juillet 2015 2 21 /07 /juillet /2015 12:59

... ET TRANSMETTRE LA FORCE : SUR LES EPAULES D'ARSENIEV ET DE BAÎKOV.

Juchés sur les épaules des géants du siècle dernier que furent Vladimir Arseniev et Nikolaï Baïkov, des étudiants apportent aujourd'hui les premières pierres de la reconstruction des espaces sauvages d'Extrême - Orient, avant d'enseigner, demain, à d'autres jeunes passionnés, à devenir les reconstructeurs et fortificateurs de ces espaces. Le sens des choses se recrée, la Société se reconstruit. Voici l'interview donnée à leur sujet hier par le Directeur du Centre du Tigre de l'Amour, Sergeï Aramilyov.

The student team Tiger 2015 has been established by the autonomous non-profit organisation Amur Tiger Centre and the Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve. Many future environmentalists, veterinarians, game wardens, nature conservation and forestry experts wishing to join the team had to pass a strict evaluation process to be accepted as members. Sergei Aramilyov, director of the Primorye branch of the Amur Tiger Centre autonomous non-profit organisation, discusses the recruitment of new student team members and those who will continue to improve environmental trails.

Question: Mr Aramilyov, who is involved in the 2015 project sponsored by the Amur Tiger Centre at the Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve?

Sergei Aramilyov: In all, 25 people, of which just six are young women, were selected and invited to join the student team Tiger 2015. Most of them are students from the Primorye State Academy of Agriculture, as well as future forestry experts, game wardens and veterinarians. Nine students represent universities in Moscow, St Petersburg, Voronezh and Novosibirsk. We hope that all our future colleagues will benefit from their two-month summer holidays at the Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve.

Question: It appears that even more people wanted to join the student team and to continue improving environmental trails.

Sergei Aramilyov: We received many applications. Certainly, most young people who worked here last year have already defended their theses and are currently signing up for work, but they still would like to revisit the reserve. We have decided to rotate team members and to allow the new students to show us what they are made of. We have already added two young men from the previous team – Alexei Shashonok and Alexei Krutikov – to the new project. And we hope that their experience will help make the student team more effective. We also have substitutes who can replace anyone who drops out for whatever reason. Still I hope that this won’t happen.

Question: How did you select the candidates?

Sergei Aramilyov: We selected them according to a standard procedure. University students were told about this opportunity, applicants filled out questionnaires, and explained what they were interested, their future plans and what they want to achieve while working with the team. Experts from Sikhote-Alin and the Amur Tiger Centre read their questionnaires. The desire of students to help protect nature served as our main criterion. We preferred those who were interested in learning more about nature conservation during the summer environmental project and gaining practical experience for their future careers. This is a real career-building step, not just a chance to have some fun.

Question: Does the Amur Tiger Centre plan to continue improving environmental trails with the help of student teams at other nature reserves in the Primorye Territory?

Sergei Aramilyov: Yes, of course. We would like to expand this project to other areas. We have become convinced that quite a few people want to join the Tiger student team. Next year, there are plans to take part in projects of several specially protected natural areas, including the Joint Directorate of the Lazovsky Reserve and Call of the Tiger National Park. Its environment is similar to that of Sikhote-Alin, including the taiga and the sea coast, but it only has rudimentary tourist facilities. If we see that our partners are interested and if some of them contact us, we will be happy to do this. I would like to underscore that the desire and ability of the administrations of specially protected natural areas to hold such events is the most important thing. Next year, we’ll see whether this movement will involve other nature reserves or not.

Question: What terms are you offering students this year, and what support does the Amur Tiger Centre provide them?

Sergei Aramilyov: This works like a classic student team. Russia has a sufficiently well-developed student team movement. Currently, student teams are building the Vostochny space centre, helping Russian Railways and so on. The Tiger student team is quite unique because this is the first team to address environmental protection issues in the Russian Far East. After two months of working in the wild taiga, students receive compensation, and this is seen as a bonus for underpaid individuals, rather than a salary. Careers in the field of environmental protection won’t offer them big salaries in the future. We believe that their choice deserves our respect, and we are always eager to support them financially.

Question: What will students do in their spare time?

Sergei Aramilyov: They will mostly help improve environmental trails and establish infrastructure facilities at the reserve. But this is not the most important thing. First of all, they will collaborate with professional and future colleagues.

This year, we have prepared a substantial curriculum. The Sikhote-Alin team includes Dmitry Gorshkov, director of Sikhote-Alin ; Olga Arifulina, the reserve’s deputy director for environmental education; Svetlana Sutyrina, deputy director for research; Anna Grishchuk, an expert with the inter-regional organisation Great Baikal Trail; and we are there to teach the students about the history of the reserve, its unique status, and about environmental education and research projects. We will discuss camera traps separately. And, of course, the Amur tiger, our main resident, will be the focus.

In my lecture “Amur tiger: facts and misperceptions”, I’ll try to discuss the truly unique and wonderful essence of this animal. The reserve’s administration will provide insight into their work, while organising guided tours for students to its central office. Naturally, students will also watch documentaries. There is also a sport programme, because you have to be strong to live in the taiga. Everyone knows that nature is unforgiving to weak animals and humans alike. So, our students are ready to play sports even after a hard day of work. They have already built a facility for team-building games. We have brought balls and badminton sets. Of course, there will also be the traditional big football game. Sport brings people together, and helps them to relax after a hard day of work.

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20 juillet 2015 1 20 /07 /juillet /2015 19:39

CELA VA MIEUX EN LE FAISANT... Le Parc Safari de Taygan, en Crimée, ouvert en 2012, qui héberge les représentants de nombreuses espèces animales, dont 58 lions africains et 40 tigres de l'Amour, compte depuis le 8 juillet 3 pensionnaires supplémentaires. Ces tigreaux, qui semblent particulièrement sains et vigoureux, constituent vraisemblablement de bons candidats à une réimplantation future dans la nature sauvage (dans l'extrême orient russe), selon l'équipe qui les entoure et qui va s'organiser en ce sens. The Telegraph, ce jour. "Crimean safari park welcomes rare siberian tiger cubs".

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/wildlife/11751918/Crimean-safari-park-welcomes-rare-Siberian-tiger-cubs.html

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15 juillet 2015 3 15 /07 /juillet /2015 05:12

L'ASSOCIATION "REWILDING SCOTLAND" PRÔNE LE RETOUR A L'ETAT NATUREL DE 5% DU TERRITOIRE, ET LA REINTRODUCTION D'EMBLEMES DE LA FAUNE ORIGINELLE. HeraldScotland, ce jour. David Leask. "Rewilding Scotland : green and public bodies unite to bring back wolves, lynx and sturgeon". Le projet porte non seulement sur le lynx (éradiqué des îles britanniques au 7ème siècle), mais aussi le castor, le sanglier, le pélican, l'esturgeon, qui pourraient être suivis par LE LOUP*, et dans les eaux côtières par la baleine grise, la baleine à bosse et le cachalot (un véritable Whale Stream à l'écossaise...)

*Le loup a été éradiqué en Angleterre au tout début du 16ème siècle (il survivra ensuite au Pays de Galles jusqu'au début du XVIIème siècle, en Ecosse jusqu'à la fin du XVIIème siècle, et en Irlande jusqu'à la fin du XVIIIème siècle), sous le règne d'Edouard VII, à l'issue d'une campagne d'extermination massive appuyée par une législation volontariste et particulièrement élaborée. Les autorités avaient organisé des battues spéciales où chaque intervenant devait ramener 100 têtes de loups. Des siècles auparavant, le roi Edgar le Pacifique (944 - 975) avait déjà vidé l'Angleterre et le pays de Galles de ses loups, en décrétant en 957 que les seigneurs seraient dispensés de payer l’impôt s’ils lui envoyaient trois cents têtes de loups. Cette mesure contribua efficacement à l’élimination complète de cet animal en Angleterre (lire à ce sujet les textes de Henri Busson (« Littérature et théologie », PUF, 1962), Tabarin (« Œuvres complètes », P. Jannet, 1858) et d’Assoucy (« Les aventures burlesques » Adolphe Delahays, 1858).

VOICI LE TEXTE DE DAVID LEASK : An alliance of green charities and public bodies aim to return just a twentieth of the island to its natural state, with hills reforested, rivers clean and lost species repopulated.

A new charity, called Rewilding Britain, will champion the campaign, which will have a heavy focus on Scotland's Highland and lowland wildernesses, the UK's cleanest regions.

Campaigners, who include serious organisations such as the Forestry Commission, Cairngorms National Park and John Muir Trust, stress headline policies such as re-introducing wolves are only part of a bigger picture.

But the National Farmers Union immediately warned of what it called "reckless" schemes to bring back predators and called on Scottish Natural Heritage to "show stronger leadership" on the issue.

Meanwhile, Environment Minister Aileen McLeod is currently deciding on a separate scheme to re-introduce beavers, another initiative opposed by farmers.

Rewilding Britain said species it wanted to see return include beavers, but also wild boar, bison, cranes, dalmatian pelicans, sturgeon, bluefin tuna, lynx and eventually wolves, grey whales, humpbacks and sperm whales.

It wants to see at least three core areas of rewilded land by 2030, which means, in each case, 100,000 hectares or more, with a clear focus on Scotland, mostly because the Scottish Government is ahead of its English counterparts in identifying likely areas. Ultimately, in a century, the believe one million hectares returned to their natural state, about 4.5 per cent of the total territory of the island of Britain.

Rebecca Wrigley, programme manager for Rewilding Britain, said: "We hope we can gather a groundswell of support.

"We want to amplify the message that some pioneers have been putting out for decades, and attract new support.

"Rewilding is really for everyone who cares about our future. Our ecosystems need us."

Rewilding has been inspired by environmentalist George Monbiot, he said: "The changes we're calling for would be considered unexceptional almost anywhere else in Europe, where in many countries populations of beavers, boar, lynx and wolves are already recovering rapidly.

"So far the public appetite for change here has had few outlets. We want to change that, and to restore the living world and our relationship with it."

Wolves have recently returned to countries with much higher population densities than Scotland, such as Belgium. However, large animals will not cross the English Channel on their own.

The NFU remains opposes to wolves, which pose no serious danger to humans but have, in other countries, attacked sheep.

Some landowners want wolves to help manage deer populations - the predators prefer the taste of venison to lamb.

But the NFU's Scottish vice president Andrew McCornick stressed the importance of the current "managed" landscape of most of Scotland, with what he called its "mosaic" of biodiversity.

He said: "Farmers are justifiably concerned at what the introduction of predators could mean for their livestock, particularly the many thousands of sheep kept on Scotland's hills and uplands.

"However, new species will also affect Scotland's existing biodiversity and ecosystems. Many farmers and land managers are already working with other Scottish stakeholders on priority Scottish species such as wildcats, capercaillie and red squirrel and protecting and managing existing wildlife habitats."

Wolves are most likely to be brought back to the Highlands, lynx to the Borders. All repopulations need ministerial permission.

Rewilding Britain has the support of the Friends of the Earth, Forestry Commission, Trees for Life, John Muir Trust, Cairngorms National Park, National Trust and The Ecology Trust, among others.

L'évolution historique comparée des îles britanniques, à l'Ouest du Continent eurasien, et de l'archipel nippon, à l'Est de celui - ci, mérite d'être effectuée, car riche d'éclairages prospectifs. De ce point de vue, Hokkaïdo et l'Ecosse sont en résonance. Nous y reviendrons.

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14 juillet 2015 2 14 /07 /juillet /2015 05:51

NOUVEL ECLAIRAGE SUR LE LEOPARD MALAISIEN, DONT LA QUASI TOTALITE DES INDIVIDUS SONT NOIRS.

Laurie Hedges et son équipe de 7 collaborateurs lèvent une partie du voile sur cette population dans une étude qui vient d'être publiée : "Melanistic leopards reveal their spots : infrared camera traps provide a population density estimate of leopards in Malaysia." The Journal of Wildlife Management 79 (5), 846 - 853.

To date, leopards (Panthera pardus) in Peninsular Malaysia have been overlooked by large carnivore researchers. This is in part due to the country's unique population of individuals that are almost all melanistic, which makes it nearly impossible to identify individuals using camera traps for estimating leopard density. We discovered a novel modification to infrared flash camera traps, which forces the camera into night mode, that allows us to consistently and clearly see the spots of a melanistic leopard. The aim of this project was 1) to determine the feasibility of identifying melanistic leopards with confidence using infrared flash camera traps, and 2) to establish a density estimate for the leopard population in a wildlife corridor in Malaysia using maximum likelihood and Bayesian spatially explicit capture-recapture (SECR) models. Both SECR approaches yielded a leopard density of approximately 3 individuals/100 km2. Our estimates represent the first density estimate of leopards in Malaysia and arguably, the world's first successful attempt to estimate the population size of a species with melanistic phenotypes. Because we have demonstrated that melanistic leopards can be monitored with confidence using infrared cameras, future studies should employ our approach instead of relying on scars or body shape for identification. Ultimately, our approach can facilitate more accurate assessments of leopard population trends, particularly in regions where melanistic phenotypes largely occur.

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13 juillet 2015 1 13 /07 /juillet /2015 08:29

Actualisation au 18 Juillet en fin d'article.

Au moins 10 lions du Gujarat sont morts lors des inondations de ces dernières semaines. La puissance de la mousson a été manifestement renforcée par El Nino... Newser, hier. Katy Daigle (Associated Press). "Recent monsoon floods killed 10 of India's endangered Asiatic lions, official say."

The floods killed at least 81 people with mudslides, collapsed homes or high waters in Gujarat state, while thousands were forced to evacuate their homes.

The report, submitted this weekend to the state's environment ministry, said the rains had also killed at least 10 of the country's 523 lions — the last members of the subspecies left anywhere in the wild — as well as prey animals including more than 80 spotted deer and 1,670 Asian antelope called blue bulls, according to the Press Trust of India.

The lions' deaths occurred in two badly flooded areas near the lion sanctuary in Gir National Forest in southern Gujarat. Other lions were found in "weak health and shocked condition" and were given treatment and food supplements, the report said.

Hundreds of park workers, animal activists and villagers launched a search for the lions, and found about 80 "roaming safely in their territory, killing wild animals and blue bulls from the surrounding areas," it said, according to PTI.

Actualisation au 18 juillet. Ces décès sont contrebalancés par la naissance concomitante de 11 lionceaux. Voir le détail dans l'article suivant :

http://zeenews.india.com/news/eco-news/11-asiatic-lion-cubs-born-in-gir-national-park-here-are-the-pictures_1632145.html

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11 juillet 2015 6 11 /07 /juillet /2015 06:52

VERS LA COP 22

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον
σπεῦδε, τὰν δ᾽ ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν ("O mon âme, n'aspire pas à la vie immortelle, mais épuise le champ du possible"). PINDARE, 3ème Pythique.

Accord intime... Il y a 32000 ans, sur les parois de la Grotte Chauvet (Vallon Pont d'Arc, Ardèche), des artistes illustrent la profusion de leur espace de vie, qui exprime leur plénitude dans un monde dominé par les grands animaux sauvages, sur tout l'espace eurasien.

...Age glaciaire. Le changement climatique progressif induit des modifications dans l'atmosphère des relations sociales. Il y a 28000 ans, à Sungir (Russie), un homme d'une soixantaine d'années, un adolescent et une jeune fille sont enterrés dans de véritables costumes d'apparat, avec, pour chacun d'eux, plusieurs milliers de perles en ivoire de mammouth cousues à leurs vêtements, soulignant l'importance du grand proboscidien pour la communauté. Trois millénaires plus tard, l'association des femmes et des mammouths dans les représentations pariétales ou les figurines, du Quercy à la plaine russe, met en lumière la dimension vitale de la présence de l'animal pour la survie de la communauté (Pech Merle, Nouvelles interprétations, Archeologia 488, 38 - 46, 2011). Il y a 17000 ans, l'atmosphère sociale s'est profondément durcie, avec la promotion ostentatoire d'un patriarcat brutal et impitoyable (Picard, 2003. Le mythe fondateur de Lascaux, eds. L'Harmattan). Deux millénaires plus tard, la figuration de femmes sans tête devient la norme, du Portugal à la Sibérie, jusqu'à la fin de cette période froide, aride et traumatique (Würm pour les européens, Valdaï pour les Russes, Wisconsin pour les américains, Pleistocène récent pour les scientifiques)...

Constat actuel. Le 8 Juillet dernier, sur France Inter, de 14 à 15 heures, dans l'émission "Nature à la Carte" de Denis Cheyssoux, François Sarano a longuement évoqué les enjeux liés aux rapports entre communautés humaines et animaux géants au XXIème siècle dans un entretien d'une heure : "Mégafaune, les années décisives". Sur Terre comme dans les mers, les déprédations massives que subit la grande faune depuis ces derniers siècles a péjoré sa capacité équilibratrice des systèmes écoclimatiques (régulateurs beaucoup moins nombreux, survivants moins efficaces que leurs ancêtres plus volumineux - cas particulièrement dramatique des morues, parmi de très nombreux autres -). A titre d'exemple, les cachalots mâles géants, visés en priorité par l'industrie baleinière, ont disparu à la fin des années 60. L'espèce a subi une diminution de taille de 30% par rapport à l'époque préindustrielle. Des décennies, au moins, seront encore nécessaires pour que réapparaissent de très grands mâles dans l'espace océanique. Or, le réchauffement des eaux favorise les grands invertébrés au détriment des régulateurs hors de pair que sont les poissons géants (thons, requins) et les grands cétacés... Les grands calmars connaissent, depuis la fin du siècle dernier, une hausse importante de leurs effectifs comme de leur volume. Face à ce phénomène, les mieux à même, et de très loin, d'éviter une rupture d'équilibre dans la chaine alimentaire seraient précisément des cachalots gigantesques comme il en existait autrefois...

Providence Divine. L'Eveillé. Le Pape François agit avec vigueur, détermination et méthode pour la restauration d'un regard fécond de l'Homme sur son environnement et sur lui - même. Après la publication, le 19 juin dernier, d'une Encyclique d'une très grande richesse, à l'évidente dimension holistique, dans laquelle il évoque le respect dû aux animaux pour eux mêmes, comme porteurs de la lumière divine au même titre que les humains, celui qui présente la défense de l'environnement comme un devoir sacré et qui prépare une Théologie de la Femme revient inlassablement sur le sujet (promotion de la forêt amazonienne lors de son voyage en Equateur le 8 Juillet, intervention solennelle aux Nations - Unies, à New - York, en Septembre prochain...). Homme Puissant et Bon, Loué sois tu.

Périls de l'Âme. Nicolas Hulot, homme sincère et courageux, a initié un "Sommet des consciences pour le climat" qui réunira, les 21 et 22 juillet, des autorités religieuses, spirituelles et morales du monde entier. Tout cela est bel et bon. Toutefois, les rivières de l'Esprit, mal irriguées, peuvent parfois courir en pure perte et se perdre dans les sables... En effet, il y a un risque immense que l'organisateur comme les participants soient instrumentalisés par des gens sans âme et sans scrupules, dans le cadre d'une duperie vertigineuse. En effet, la COP 21 (Sommet de Paris sur le changement climatique de Décembre prochain), est essentiellement, dans l'esprit du Pouvoir, une opportunité communicationnelle pour se maintenir à la tête de l'Etat jusqu'en 2022. Or, dans cette perspective, est promue avant tout une "écoingéniérie" sans âme, et donc sans intérêt, où les solutions seraient techniques avant d'être humaines. La baisse du taux de CO2, l'augmentation du parc éolien ou des voitures électriques, l'isolation des habitations, sont parfaitement impuissantes à combattre la destruction des espaces sauvages et la désintégration sociale. Cette orientation relève d'une superstition technolâtre, aussi peu crédible (et ô combien moins séduisante) que l'apparition d'un immense dragon céleste à Wusong (Nord est de la Chine), le 18 septembre 2000 à 18H10, et dont les habitants purent parfaitement distinguer les écailles...

Les Hommes Trous. Qui plus est, les ordonnateurs de cette Grand' Messe mènent, par ailleurs, plus ou moins discrètement, une guerre totale, d'une ampleur insoupçonnée par l'écrasante majorité de nos concitoyens, à une partie significative de la Faune Sauvage française. Elle le fait même avec ostentation concernant les loups dans l'espace hexagonal et les requins à la Réunion, à l'encontre d'organismes parmi les plus à même d'adoucir les conséquences des bouleversements climatiques, dans des protocoles institutionnels homologues aux rituels d'éxêcration des sociétés antiques, porteurs du masque hideux de la bétise haineuse.

L'Esprit doit trouver à s'incarner. La COP 22 se tiendra au Maroc en 2016. Le pays se veut le leader africain en matière de lutte contre le changement climatique. Il a choisi de miser sur le solaire et l'éolien, et commence à faire profiter certains états de ses lumières à travers un "centre des compétences climatiques". La ministre Hakima El Haite est particulièrement active sur le sujet. Or, le lion de l'Atlas (lion des montagnes froides), disparu d'Afrique du Nord dans les années 60, peut, à cette occasion, devenir le symbole d'un sommet véritablement réussi. Sa proximité génétique avec le lion du Gujarat, établie l'an dernier, peut ouvrir la voie à un projet de réintroduction comparable à celui du tigre "de la Caspienne" (disparu officiellement en même temps que le grand lion nord africain) au Kazakhstan oriental dans les prochaines années, à partir de son congénère de l'Amour, et pour des raisons analogues. Sur le plan culturel mais aussi politique, il peut même aller jusqu'à incarner une résurrection pleine et entière du "lion d'Allat" détruit récemment à Palmyre (voir page blog "Un ami sort de l'ombre" du 3 juillet). A plus long terme, la réapparition d'individus gigantesques, rois de la montagne à l'époque précoloniale, constituerait le parachèvement d'un rééquilibrage écologique et civilisationnel.

Retour d'accordance. A ce jour, le seul Sommet écologique suivi d'effets positifs dans des proportions significatives a été le Sommet du Tigre de St Pétersbourg de Novembre 2010. Depuis lors, les grands félins ont repris leur marche en avant en Russie, Inde, Chine, Népal, Bouthan, et le projet "kazakh" est en bonne voie... En 1950, fut tué, dans la cordillère du Sikhote - Aline, un tigre des neiges du volume d'un lion des cavernes, comme il en apparaissait occasionnellement depuis des millénaires, et dont la fonction dans la "Shouhaï" ("l'océan sylvestre") était homologue à celui des cachalots les plus gigantesques dans les mers. Il n'en n'est plus reparu depuis. Cette année, la forêt alluviale de la rivière Bikin sera placée en réserve naturelle intégrale sur un espace de 1 100 000 ha. Au sein de celui - ci, 600 000 ha permettront aux Oudeghes et aux Nanaïs (Goldes) de pratiquer leurs activités traditionnelles dans de bonnes conditions. Il a été mis en évidence récemment que cette zone présente une extrême proximité, unique au monde, avec les forêts primitives préglaciaires évoquées au début de cet article. C'est ici, dans 30 ou 100 ans, qu'un géant surgira.

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7 juillet 2015 2 07 /07 /juillet /2015 05:42

SERAIT - CE POSSIBLE ALORS ?

Le loup marsupial (thylacine, tigre de Tasmanie), détruit par les éleveurs de moutons au début du siècle dernier - le dernier specimen officiellement répertorié est décédé au zoo de Hobart en 1933, mais les témoignages ultérieurs ont été tellement nombreux que l'animal n'a été classé comme officiellement éteint qu'en 1986 -, est peut être encore parmi nous. Leader, ce jour. Peter Strachan. "SouthEast & Peninsula. Former Cranbourne South man in the hunt for Tasmanian tiger on the mainland." Exterminés jusqu'au dernier en Tasmanie, certains d'entre eux auraient été transférés, aux côtés d'autres animaux rares, dans le Parc National du Promontoire de Wilsons (Etat de Victoria, extrême Sud Est de l'Australie) entre 1910 et 1915, et leurs descendants parcoureraient toujours cette région aujourd'hui.

The world-renowned thylacine hunter has spent the last 20 years searching for the mysterious marsupial everywhere from Cranbourne South to Wilsons Promontory.

Footage he captured of a doglike animal scampering across a hillside in the Strzelecki Ranges 15 years ago reignited debate about whether the Tasmanian tiger was, in fact, extinct.

Now the former Cranbourne South resident, together with Hampton Park man David Chinn, have been interviewed for an as-yet-unnamed, international documentary on the tiger, expected to air globally in coming months.

Speaking to Cranbourne Leader last week, Mr Moss said he believed dashboard cameras were the key to proving the elusive animal was still out there and multiplying — perhaps even in Casey.

“There has already been a claimed sighting of one in Fisheries Rd, Devon Meadows, a few years ago,” Mr Moss said.

“And I’ve got footage of what I believe is one crossing a paddock in the Strezlecki Ranges, near Wilsons Promontory.

“Most reports to date have been of animals near or crossing roads ... with the advent of dashboard cameras in cars, I think we will see some concrete evidence before much longer.”

Hampton Park man, David Chinn doesn’t need convincing.

He said he saw a tiger when he was working as an assistant lighthouse keeper at Cape Otway in 1973, after it was shot by the lighthouse keeper for killing his chickens and pet rabbit.

“It was lying on the grass as dead as mutton. I had few doubts about what it was, but the keeper didn’t want to go down that road. He was my boss, so I didn’t push it,” he said.

Mr Moss, 49 and now living in Murrumbeena, said he believed the tigers were extinct in Tasmania, but not in Victoria.

“They were hunted relentlessly in Tasmania because they were a threat to sheep graziers.,” he said.

“But research I have undertaken through government records shows there were shipments of Tasmanian native animals to Wilsons Promontory between 1910 and 1915, for conservation reasons.

“I believe these shipments may have included tigers and the sightings people now report are of their descendants.”

Officially, the Tasmanian tiger has been extinct since 1986.

“Footage I have from remotely triggered cameras suggests otherwise. Tigers are very shy of humans. But if they are out there, dashboard cameras should soon give us the evidence we are seeking,” he said.

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3 juillet 2015 5 03 /07 /juillet /2015 19:33

Le guépard asiatique est aujourd'hui probablement le félin le plus menacé au monde (il en reste peut - être moins de cinquante). La photographie de 12 individus clairement identifiés dans la zone de Biarjand, dans le Nord du pays, depuis une semaine, est, à tous égards, la meilleure nouvelle concernant cet animal depuis des années. Mehr News Agency, ce jour. "8 Asiatic cheetahs spotted in Shahroud."

Ali Akbar Qorbanlou told Mehr News local correspondent on Thursday that 5 adult cheetahs along with their 3 cubs had been spotted; “in another case, a female cheetah along with her 3 cubs of rare species of Asiatic phyla have been sighted somewhere in south of Kalateh Kiki, 3km from Biarjmand, Shahroud in Semnan desert province,” he said.

“Despite the scarcity of their prey, Asiatic cheetahs have had an incipient resilience in the region thanks to good and effective measures by the government along with public appreciation of the animal,” Qorbanlou hoped.

“The sighting of this rare species is a source of hope for the Khartouran Biosphere Reserve; in last few days, another group, consisting of 4 adult cheetahs in the vicinity of cultivations of Biarjmand, which rejoiced the local farmers and animal right activists and lovers alike,” said the head of the Biosphere Reserve.

He also expressed gratitude for recent performance in recent few years of the authorities and Biarjmand people in protecting the wildlife; “the considerable spotting of the cheetahs in the region restores hope to the hearts of animal lovers and wildlife activists; this communicates a message for us; the drought has attracted the cheetah prey, the deer, into plantations and into human settlements; the second message is that the wildlife feels protection and security in the region,” he added.

“Khartouran National Park is the most protected major habitat of the rare species of cheetah; the health and the population of the cheetahs are in good shape in the Park,” Qorbanlou told Mehr News, lamenting the recent illegal hunting and hunters, which he said, one of the hunters had been arrested with the carcass of a jabiru in his hand.

“The hunters had a binocular telescope, which was seized by the rangers; the hunters usually chase the deer into the point of exhaustion and easily hunt the beautiful animal,” Qorbanlou mentioned as their measure.

Actualisation au 6 juillet. Mehr News Agency. UNDP, Dana Insurance to protect Asiatic cheetah.

TEHRAN, Jul. 06 (MNA) – UN Development Program and Dana Insurance Co. have signed agreement to jointly protect Asiatic cheetah.

“We have gathered here to sign an agreement with Dana Insurance Company and mark yet another milestone in our struggle to save the Asiatic cheetah” said Mr. Gary Lewis, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative.

Mr. Lewis was speaking at an event to formalize an agreement between Dana Insurance Company and the UN Development Program to support the Conservation of the Asiatic Cheetah Project (CACP) which is implemented with the Department of the Environment. This ceremony took place today at the United Nations Common Premises.

The agreement between UNDP and Dana Insurance Co. will activate a form of insurance coverage provided by Dana which will mitigate threats to cheetahs by providing much-needed funding for the implementation of critical aspects of the project’s work plan.

Specifically, Dana Insurance will provide up to $15,000 to the project each time a cheetah is killed in road accidents or by herder dogs. The money thus realized will go into the project and be used to reduce the threats which killed the cheetahs in the first place. It will be awarded for a maximum of 5 cheetah kills per year.

“The partnership between Dana Insurance Company and the CACP is an excellent example of the positive results that can be achieved when the public and private sectors join forces in pursuit of a common goal,” said Mr. Lewis. “Such cooperation underlines the essence of partnership-building which is required for future sustainable development.”

Iran is the last habitat of the precious Asiatic cheetah. Even up to half a century ago, the species was widespread across the Indian subcontinent and Central and Southwest Asia. However, during the past several decades, due to pressures of modernization, encroaching roads, human settlements and livestock, along with illegal shooting by poachers, the number of Asiatic cheetahs in Iran had fallen to dangerously low levels.

Recognizing the problem, back in 2001, Iran’s Department of Environment, UNDP and a number of committed national and international partners joined forces to save these emblematic cats through the CACP. Over the past decade and a half, the project has contributed to reversing the process of extinction for this iconic cat species in Iran, through a number of interventions including local community partnership, supporting the game guards, strengthening of Iran’s protected areas and research.

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3 juillet 2015 5 03 /07 /juillet /2015 11:53

MORT D'UN GEANT.

Le lion d'Allât est mort. Sa statue de calcaire, de 3 mètres de hauteur, et d'un poids de 15 tonnes, qui trônait devant le musée de Palmyre, a été détruite par les marteleurs iconoclastes de Daesh. Cette oeuvre monumentale, qui fut érigée il y a 2000 ans, figure le compagnon géant de la déesse Allât, protecteur explicite des innocents (la posture de l'antilope entre ses pattes est sans équivoque de ce point de vue), et qui illustre magnifiquement le rôle effectif du Grand Prédateur.

AMI, SI TU TOMBES...

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  • : Le retour du tigre en Europe: le blog d'Alain Sennepin
  • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
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