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5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 09:58

Voici un passage trouvé sur la page d'accueil de l'Ambassade d'Azerbaïdjan en France...

L’Azerbaïdjan constitue l’une des plus grande réserve animale du Caucase et 108 espèces sont inscrites sur la Liste Rouge (répertoriant les espèces en voie d’extinction à protéger) : 14 pour les mammifères, 41 pour les oiseaux, 13 pour les reptiles et amphibiens et 40 pour les insectes. Les différents biotopes sont particulièrement favorables à leur pérennité. Comme les zones montagneuses du Nakhitchevan qui accueillent les aigles royaux, ou les espaces subalpins du Caucase Majeur et Mineur qui abritent les tétraogalles du Caucase ou les sarcelles marbrées. Sans  compter l’érismature à tête blanche et le colvert sur les rives de la mer Caspienne où les esturgeons peuvent encore croiser quelques rares phoques de la Caspienne encore en vie. Mais se sont aussi les saumons, dorades ou anguilles qui peuplent les abords des embouches des fleuves qu’il rejoindront pour leur reproduction. Et dans ce paradis animal, cohabitent chameaux, ours, chèvres du Caucase, gazelles, porcs-épics, ratons laveurs, gerboises et hyènes, et, deux ou trois spécimens de tigre de la Caspienne auraient, semble-t-il, survécu au braconnage.

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5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 06:03
... ET FREIN AU DECLIN

Début du recensement des populations de tigres sauvages, en Inde et au Nepal (BBC News, hier, et La Republica aujourd'hui) avec des moyens inédits. Constat : les technologies avancées au service de la prospection des données et une attention des medias beaucoup plus forte, semblent constituer un frein, pour l'heure, au déclin du grand fauve.

India and Nepal begin Royal Bengal tiger census

Royal Bengal tiger (file image) An Ambitious plan seeks to double the wild tiger population in the region by 2022

Forest and nature protection officials from Nepal and India have started their first ever joint survey of tigers.

The survey will take place in a dozen or more wildlife preserves and forests spread across the Terai Arc region that the two South Asian nations share.

The project aims to identify the exact number of Royal Bengal tigers residing in this zone.

It will also study the availability of prey to assist with conservation strategies.

The Terai Arc Landscape spreads over 950km (600 miles) across the Indian states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and into southern Nepal.

The region is estimated to be home to 500 tigers at present - one of the world's densest concentrations of tigers, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

WWF is one of the organisations involved in the survey, which is being led by the governments of India and Nepal.

As part of the survey, officials are installing hundreds of camera traps (remote motion-sensitive cameras) along the wild paths frequented by the tigers, allowing tigers who come into the cameras' range to be identified.

"The same tiger trapped by a camera here on the Nepali side could cross over into India, but that tiger will be trapped by another camera there," Megh Bahadur Pandey, the director general of Nepal's Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, told the BBC.

That means no tiger will be counted twice.

Population plan

Map

Officials say that as well as ascertaining the tiger population in the region, the survey will also study the tigers' "prey base" or prey availability.

This is necessary to draw up conservation strategies in the region as part of an ambitious plan unveiled in 2012 - the last Year of the Tiger - seeking to double the wild tiger population by 2022.

"The results will show whether we are succeeding or failing towards that goal," Anil Manandhar, the country representative of the WWF Nepal programme, told the BBC.

"Based on the outcomes, we can plan our strategies for tiger conservation."

He said officials may need up to four months to compile the joint results.

Tens of thousands of Royal Bengal tigers used to roam Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal, but their population currently stands at just a little over 3,000.

The tiger's massive decline in past decades is due to widespread deforestation, the shrinking of their habitat and loss of prey base, say experts.

 

LA REPUBLICA.

MAHENDRANAGAR, Feb 5: The government started counting tigers in the country from Monday. The government begun the census with a plan to find out the exact number of wild cats at present and with a view to double the number of by the year 2022. The census will be complete in three months.

The census has been launched in five major conservation areas including Sukhlaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park, Banke National Park and Parsa Wildlife Reserve.

The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) has initiated the tiger census with technical and financial assistance from the National Trust for Nature Conservation and WWF-Nepal.

The counting started from Palash Ghari of Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (SWR) by the Minister for Forests and Soil Conservation Yadu Bansha Jha.

In order to find out the exact number of tigers, the DNPWC is using camera trapping technology in all the five conservation reserves. According to Yuvraj Regmi, chief conservation officer of the SWR, 50 cameras have been installed in different parts of SWR while as many as 20 technicians have been deployed to monitor it.

Megh Bahadur Pandey, director general of Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) reiterated that the census will find out the exact number of tigers unlike previous census and will help in developing strategies and programs for increasing the number of tigers by 2022.

In the tiger census last year, ten adult tigers were found in the SWR while eight tigers had been found in the census conducted in the year before last, said Regmi. According to him, they have been conducting tiger census in SWR every year since 1999 to manage and conserve tigers.

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4 février 2013 1 04 /02 /février /2013 20:18

Suite de l'article "Si les tigres étaient ici..." du 27 janvier.

Les 100 premiers loups abattus ont été comptabilisés en Yakoutie. En fin de compte, l'utilisation de poison n'a pas été autorisée. Siberian Times, ce jour.

By The Siberian Times reporter
04 February 2013

The first 100 wolves have been killed in the Sakha Republic as the authorities step-up their campaign to protect people and reindeer herds, officials confirmed.

The republic has ruled out the use of poisons, despite demands by hunters. Instead, they must use traditional ways of hunting, like traps and shooting. When the cold eases, helicopters will be deployed to shoot wolf packs. Picture: Viktor Everstov, The Siberian Times 

Our picture shows the early results of a cull which is aiming to slaughter as much as 87.5% of the wolf population of Russia's largest region. The number of kills are likely to be higher but many hunters remain in inaccessible regions and 100 is the figure known to the authorities.

It comes as officials in another Siberian region - TransBaikal - are calling on Moscow to suspend a ban on the use of controversial poisons to destroy wolves. 

Here, recently, a shepherd fled for his life, climbing a tree, as marauding wolves killed three rams. 

Wolves hunting Siberia

Yakutian hunters set a trap next to the body of a horse mauled by wolves. Picture: Viktor Everstov, The SIberian Times 

It is so far unclear if they will be allowed to use of a fluorine-acetate-barium compound widely deployed to curb wolf numbers in Soviet times, which would be highly controversial among ecologists. 

Hunting began in Sakha - also known as Yakutia - on 15 January and currently more than 80 'brigades' are deployed in a bid to cull 3,500 of the 4,000 wolves believed to be living in the republic. 

Sixty more are planned to start hunting soon, with bounties for each wolf killed and prizes for the most prolific hunters. 

Wolves are becoming a rising threat to reindeer-herding villages across the region but the worst-hit are Tompon and Kobyaiskiy districts, where states of emergency have been called.  There are also deep concerns on the threat from wolves in Momskiy district. 

Recently Ivan Pavlov, deputy minister of agriculture in Sakha, called for hunters to be more active, assuring them of financial support. 

'Hunters in some areas are still pausing, waiting for the money to be transferred first,' he said. 

'We can't have this attitude, as attacks on domestic animals happen almost daily now, both horses and reindeers. We've got to make our animal protection system stronger. 

'We are putting a budget almost three times as big as for 2012 to finance the hunting.

Avia shooting will be supported by 14 million roubles, land hunting will take some 5 million roubles, and about 13 million roubles would go into skins processing. 

'We are increasing the financing, and we've got to deliver better results.

'We have got to significantly decrease the number of wolves without damaging the nature.'

Wolves hunting Siberia


Wolves hunting Siberia

Wolves are becoming a rising threat to reindeer-herding villages across the region but the worst-hit are Tompon and Kobyaiskiy districts, where states of emergency have been called. Pictures: Alexander Tyryshkin, The Siberian Times 

The republic has ruled out the use of poisons, despite demands by hunters. Instead, they must use traditional ways of hunting, like traps and shooting.

When the cold eases, helicopters will be deployed to shoot wolf packs.  

'Wolves become a trouble not only for Yakutia - our neighbours in Trans-Baikal region have to take strong measures to stop wolves getting to domestic animals,' said Pavlov. In TransBaikal, the estimated wolf population is higher than Sakha, at 5,000, double its desirable level, said Alexander Purbuyev, the head of the state hunting service in the region.

The region is paying a royalty of 10,000 roubles ($334) for each killed animal. 

Latest reports in Sakha suggest double this rate will be paid in a region where 55 horses and 564 domestic reindeer have already perished due to wolves this year. A total of 16,111 reindeer and 314 horses were lost in 2012.

'People are worried like never before about massive wolves attacks on domesticated animals in all areas of the republic, including central ones,'  said Yegor Borisov, head of the republic, last month.

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2 février 2013 6 02 /02 /février /2013 10:13

MAHARASTRA : L'ABATTAGE ILLEGAL PAR ELECTROCUTION OFFICIELLEMENT A L'ORDRE DU JOUR (source : Times of India, ce jour).

Electrocution of tigers seizes Maharashtra government's attention
Unsuspecting tigers get electrocuted by the current when they come in contact with the wires, they said. These high tension power lines pass through the sprawling four tiger sanctuaries.
PUNE: Poachers have devised an ingenious way of killing tigers by electrocuting the big cats in the remote and wild areas of Maharashtra.

Taking a serious note of deliberate electrocution of tigers, chief minister Prithviraj Chavan has suggested a coordination committee comprising of forest department and MSEDCL officials to work out ways to prevent such incidents at a time when the state is keen to promote its tiger conservation programme.

Poachers have been found lowering the 11 kw high tension power lines of the State Electricity Board (MSEDCL) with hooks in the tiger sanctuaries of Vidarbha region, forest department officials said.

Unsuspecting tigers get electrocuted by the current when they come in contact with the wires, they said. These high tension power lines pass through the sprawling four tiger sanctuaries.

One of the proposals under consideration is to explore the feasibility of laying the high tension wires underground. Another suggestion is to use a rubber coating to insulate the wires passing through the sanctuaries.

A joint patrolling of both forest and electricity department too is being considered, official sources said. Special veterinary doctors are also being appointed in the buffer zones around the sanctuaries.

Times of India
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2 février 2013 6 02 /02 /février /2013 09:37

Source : Siberian Times, hier. Suite à l'article blog "Derjava (la Puissance) du 20 septembre 2012 - source : Siberian Times du 18). Des restes, de mâchoire notamment, ont été découverts par un plongeur, le premier à atteindre le fond du lac Labynkyr en république de Sakha. L'eau de celui - ci ne gèle pas totalement, même à une température de - 60°C. L'animal pourrait être un brochet gigantesque...

By The Siberian Times reporter
01 February 2013

Unknown remains of a large creature have been found in Lake Labynkyr, say the first divers to ever reach its floor.

The dive was made at the request of Yakutia State University in order to film the bottom of the lake and gather samples of water, flora and fauna. It is the first-ever dive to the bottom of the lake, which is at an altitude of 1,020 metres above sea level. Picture: The Siberian Times

A dozen divers braved legends of monsters and the coldest winter temperatures in a venture that is likely to go into the Guinness World Book of Records.  

Using an underwater scanner they discovered a jaw and skeletal remains that might be the notorious 'Devil' that was first reported by locals in the 19th century, it was claimed on 1 February. 

Reports of a monster in Lake Labynkyr pre-date claims about the Loch Ness monster in Scotland, say Russian academics. 

The lake in the Sakha Republic - or Yakutia - is seen as one of the most mysterious in the world because even in temperatures of minus 60C its waters do not completely freeze. Scientists struggle to explain this phenomenon.

The lake averages 52 metres in depth but has a mysterious underwater fissure which reaches down to 80 metres.

For the historic dive - the first time the floor of the lake has been conquered - the air temperature was minus 42C and the water 2C.

Earlier reports said that top Russian diver Dmitry Shiller,  leader of the Russian Georgraphical Society Underwater Research Team, and his colleagues had reached the bottom and returned without any sign of the legendary monster. 

'Dmitry Shiller did not meet the monster - but managed to film the bottom of the lake and took samples of the lake's flora,' said a spokesman. 

But later it was claimed the team had found evidence of jaws and a skeleton using an underwater scanner, thought there was initially scant detail.

Still, the reports which echoed an account  by a scientist in Soviet times who visited the lake.

Siberian Nessi, lake Labynkyr

Soviet geologist Viktor Tverdokhlebov. Picture: The Siberian Times

Geologist Viktor Tverdokhlebov wrote of the 'Devil': 'There have been all sort of hypothesises about what kind of creature it could be: a giant pike, a relic reptile or an amphibia. We didn't manage to prove or to disprove these versions..... we managed to find remains of jaws and skeleton of some animal.'

The February dive is believed to be the first ever aqualung winter dive into a natural lake in this part of Siberia, which is known as the Pole of Cold.  

The lake lies in the same district as Oymyakon, site of the world's coldest ever reading in an inhabited town.  

The divers are expected to seek an entry in the Guinness World Book of Records as being the first in winter in a lake in such a cold region. 

The dive was made at the request of Yakutia State University in order to  film the bottom of the lake and gather samples of water, flora and fauna. 

It is the first-ever dive to the bottom of the lake, which is at an altitude of 1,020 metres above sea level. 

The expedition was supported by Russian Emergencies Ministry rescuers and also involved cameramen of the Sakha National Broadcasting Company.

Most divers - like Shiller - were from Tatarstan.

Siberian Nessi, lake Labynkyr


Siberian Nessi, lake Labynkyr

Lyudmila Emelyanova, Moscow State University Associate Professor of Biogeography with her team on way to Labynkur lake in Yakutia, and (above)working with echo sounding device during her expedition to Labynkur lake in Yakutia. Pictures: The Siberian Times

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the since the foundation of the  Russian Geographical Society's regional branch, which is one of the oldest in Russia. 

Reports of a monster - known as the 'Devil' - and underwater links to other lakes have long intrigued scientists and the rare visitors to Lake Labynkyr.

Sonar tests in the lake by respectable scientists have found 'seriously big underwater objects'.

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1 février 2013 5 01 /02 /février /2013 07:57

A SARISKA, UN BRACONNIER ET SIX COMPLICES ONT ETE CONDAMNES A SEPT ANS DE PRISON (Times of India, ce jour).

JAIPUR: Notorious poacher Juhru and his six accomplices were sentenced to seven years' imprisonment and a fine of Rs one lakh in a tiger poaching case at Sariska Tiger Reserve recently.

The case pertains to the killing of a tiger by the accused in 2004, said Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) lawyer Koushal Bhardwaj, who was assisting the prosecution. The accused were awarded maximum sentence by additional chief judicial magistrate - 1 on January 24.
An accused in 14 wildlife cases, including six cases of tiger poaching, Juhru was previously convicted in at least two cases of leopard poaching and one case of tiger poaching in 2003 at Sariska. He was sentenced to five years each in the leopard cases, and seven years for the tiger case.
"He was one of the main persons responsible for the disappearance of tigers from Sariska," said Ashok Kumar, vice-chairman, WTI. "Such sentences are generally awarded concurrently under our law. However, repeat offenders should be serving consecutive sentences for all these killings," he said.

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30 janvier 2013 3 30 /01 /janvier /2013 20:41

EN UTTAR PRADESH COMME AU NEPAL, DES TIGRES ATTAQUENT DES RHINOCEROS ADULTES ET LES DEVORENT (source : Hindustan Times, ce jour).

A tiger sneaked into the Rhino rehabilitation area in Dudhwa tiger reserve (DTR) on Monday and killed a 34-year female rhino. The partially eaten carcass of “Pavitri” was discovered on Tuesday.
This was the fifth Rhino attacked in 14 months. All the attacks took place in winter. Over November and December 2011 and January 2012, four rhinos were attacked. Two were injured, two died. This was the first attack this winter.

Similar incidents have been reported from Nepal’s Chitwan Park, said Shailesh Prasad, chief conservator of forest and field director of DTR.

“Tigers do attack rhinos, as has been reported from Assam’s Kaziranga Park, but the attacks were on young calves. Attacking adult rhinos is somewhat against the normal hunting pattern,” said Ganesh Bhat, deputy director of DDR.

Dr SP Sinha, an expert on rhinos, felt a shrinking prey base could be a reason for the attacks. But Dudhwa has ample prey base, said Bhat.

“The number of rhino attacks in Dudhwa is high because the rhinos there are kept in an enclosed area,” said PK Sen, former director of Project Tiger. “It provides the tigers with easy prey in winters, when catching other animals in the wild become difficult.”

Tigers attack sub-adult rhinos but not the adult ones because of their size. “Full grown and active rhinos and elephants are able to defend themselves because of their size and strength,” Sen added. “One needs to find out whether this particular rhino was incapacitated, which restricted her ability to defend herself.”

The dead Rhino, Pavitri, was among the five brought from Assam in 1984 to start the rhino rehabilitation project in Dudhwa. At the time, she was six years old. She was named Pavitri as she was brought from Pavitara park.

 

01 CainRhinoceros

Réalisation d'Auguste Nicolas Cain, sculpteur français de la deuxième moitié du 19ème siècle. Ce combat du rhinocéros et des deux tigres est au Jardin des Tuileries.

 

Voir aussi le suivi dans le Times of India du 1er février.

LUCKNOW: Have Dudhwa tigers shunned their preferred prey - the cheetals and sambhars - to hunt the mighty rhinos? The killing of a 35-year-old female rhino by a tiger in Dudhwa national park and the subsequent eating of the carcass has raised a doubt if the behaviour of Dudhwa tigers is changing. The experts are not ready to buy the argument that the declining prey base is the reason why tigers are hunting and eating rhinos.

"If tiger population in the park is increasing, prey base can not decline," said Tito Joseph from the wildlife protection society of India ( WPSI). The tiger sneaked into the rhino rehabilitation area to kill the 35-year-old female rhino Pavitri, brought to Dudhwa in 1984 under the rhino rehabilitation programme. This was the fifth attack since November last year on rhinos by tigers in Dudhwa. In the past one year, two rhinos have been killed by tigers and one has rescued by the park administration in Dudhwa. The feline attacks on rhinos aren't rare. But, in most of the incidents, it's the cubs which are killed.

Contrary to this, it was an adult female rhino killed this time. Is it the same tiger which is killing rhinos? Is the attacking feline old? Bibhav Taluqdar, who chairs International Union for Conservation of Nature Asian rhino specialist group, said Dudhwa authorities should try to find answers to such questions in case the attacks are rampant. "It's not rare that tigers kill and eat rhino. Rhino comes as an easy hunt for a tiger who can not chase a deer," he said.

Assam's Kaziranga National Park, which shelters the biggest population of rhinos, has about 15 to 20 rhino cubs getting killed in tiger attacks every year. The killing of an adult rhino is not common. "A tigress rearing its cubs can kill a rhino as the feline need not go far from its cubs," said Taluqdar. Though rhinos are mighty, a single adult tiger can kill a rhino. In Corbett there have been incidents where elephants have been killed by tigers. Compared to this rhino is an easier kill, he said.

Tigers eating rhino, experts feel, is not bewildering. "Rhino is not a preferred prey for tigers but once killed, tigers can eat it," said Joseph. Deputy director, Dudhwa Ganesh Bhatt said, "we have informed central government about the rhino mortalities". In Dudhwa, rhinos were re-introduced in 1984 under state's rhino rehabilitation programme. At present, 29 rhinos are present in the Kakraha range of the park. Existing in maximum numbers in Kaziranga national park, rhinos exist in Dudhwa tiger reserve in UP and Valimiki Reserve in Bihar.

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30 janvier 2013 3 30 /01 /janvier /2013 20:32

L'ETAT DU KARNATAKA PROTEGE MOINS MAL SES TIGRES QUE D'AUTRES REGIONS D'INDE DU NORD, SELON DES SPECIALISTES COMME ULLAS KARANTH (source : Times of India, ce jour).

 

MYSORE: It seems to be a never ending war of wits between conservationists and poachers as far as protection of tigers in country's sanctuaries is concerned. Poisoning of tiger in Nagarhole tiger reserve (see detail below) also called as Rajiv Gandhi National park has brought to fore the complications involved in protection of tigers especially in Karnataka where tigers are thriving .

According to official sources both Bandipur and Nagarahole tiger reserves are well managed and protected tiger reserves in the country in addition to having a healthy population of tigers . " These are the two sanctuaries in the country where tiger population is maximum and well shielded from poachers" claims project tiger director B J Hosmath refusing to give heed to theory of any foul play in the poisoning of tiger. Incident has happened by accident and there is no chance of any gang's involvement in it , he added. Neither the habitats are sinking nor there is decline in prey population which is forcing tigers to invade live stocks in human habitats, he clarified, adding that predator -prey ratio is well maintained.

However the wild life experts have a gut feeling that incident is the handiwork of poachers . " Poisoning of the left over livestock is the handiwork of gangsters as they only know the tiger behavior of returning to eat the remaining carcass" Tiger expert Ullas Karanth pointed out , disclosing techniques adopted by gangsters to poach tigers. " It is a chain of people and locals being at the lowest in the poachers rung with middlemen and 'big gun' remaining anonymous at the top of this chain" he disclosed, adding that only thorough investigation will bring out the truth as poisoning of tigers is common in north Indian sanctuaries.

Asked whether shrinking habitat and decline in prey population has made the tigers to invade human habitats and kill livestock, Karanth said as far as Karnataka is concerned neither the habitat has shrunk nor the prey population has dwindled. "Tigers attack the livestock as they are easy food for them compared to other preys" he pointed out adding that tigers killing livestock is not a new phenomenon. Another wild life activist Krupakar said the protection level in tiger sanctuaries of Karnataka is very high compared to other sanctuaries in North India. " In both Bandipur and Nagarahole there is a tiger for every 10 to 11 sq. kms of forest territory which is very high compared to other tiger reserves .

 

"Poisoning of tiger in Nagarhole tiger reserve" : detail (source : The Hindu, ce jour).

A tiger, which was found dead in the Kakanakote forests (D.B. Kuppe range) of the Nagarahole National Park early this month, was poisoned in what is suspected to be an act of revenge.

The post-mortem report and visceral analysis indicate the presence of zinc phosphide, which is rat poison. This has sent shockwaves among conservationists and Forest Department officials.

This is said to be the first case of a tiger being poisoned in the national park, which is a major tiger reserve and home to about 70 of them.

R. Gokul, Director, Conservator of Forests and Director, Nagarahole Tiger Reserve, confirmed that the tiger, which was found dead on January 13 near the Kabini backwaters was poisoned. Its carcass, discovered two weeks ago, was intact, with no sign of external injuries, putting a question mark on cause of death.

Though there was a question of whether poachers had a hand in the death, this has been ruled out as neither the skin nor the claws had been removed. The needle of suspicion points to revenge killing and Mr. Gokul said the animal may have strayed out of its habitat and stalked livestock. Since tigers have a tendency to partially eat their prey and conceal it in bushes to consume over a period of time, the local community may have poisoned the carcass of the cattle, resulting in the tiger’s death, he said.

But the nearest human habitation is nearly 3 km from the spot where the tiger was found, casting doubt on that theory.

However, Mr. Gokul pointed out that tigers generally do not stray from their habitat in Nagarahole as the Kabini backwaters acts as a border between the national park and the adjoining human landscape. But due to severe drought, the backwaters has receded and turned into a grassland, with no demarcation separating the forestland from the outside landscape. “As a result, there is free movement of animals in the absence of a water barrier. We suspect the local community on the fringes may have driven their livestock inside the forests in search of fodder. The tiger may have killed one of the domestic animals and the village people may have subsequently poisoned the carcass as an act of revenge,” said Mr. Gokul.

There have been six incidents of tigers straying out of their habitat this season, which is unusually high. This is attributed to increase in tiger density inside the national park.

The authorities have deployed the Special Tiger Protection Force in the area to keep vigil on the movement of animals in the region. Apart from launching a full-fledged investigation into tiger poisoning, the Forest Department will also interact with the local community adjoining the forests and seek their help in wildlife conservation.

 

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29 janvier 2013 2 29 /01 /janvier /2013 05:15

ET DU NEGOCE", ENIEME EPISODE...

Saisies de produits issus du tigre en grande quantité au Nepal ce mois ci : sept peaux et cent soixante sept kilogrammes d'os (source : 21st Century Tiger, hier).Dans le même temps, les conflits meurtriers entre animaux sauvages et communautés humaines s'accroissent (source : Prime News du 23 janvier).

 

Nepal police show off their confiscated items in January 2013 © Nepal Police

 

KATHMANDU, Nepal – Nepalese authorities seized seven tiger skins, hundreds of tiger bones and arrested seven people in connection with an alleged smuggling ring during recent operations in the country.

The Nepal Police and Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation of Nepal deployed forces on 11 and 12 January in different parts of the country. On 11 January, officers of Manaslu Conservation Area seized two tiger skins, 53 kg of tiger bones and arrested four people who were allegedly trying to smuggle the tiger parts into Tibet, China. The following day, police conducting road checks near the Chinese border seized 5 tiger skins and 114 kg of tiger bones that were concealed in bags of rice in a van also heading to China.

Evidence gathered by police led them to suspect that the attempted smuggling incidents were part of a tiger parts smuggling ring, and the investigation is ongoing. In all, seven people have been arrested and charged with the illegal trade of tiger parts.

The arrests and seizures followed an INTERPOL training session on the use of intelligence and information management in combating environmental crime held in Nepal in December. The training, organized by INTERPOL, its National Central Bureau (NCB) in Kathmandu and the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN), aimed to improve environmental law enforcement capacity in the region, with a specific focus on illegal poaching and the illicit trade in tigers and other Asian big cats.

“The success of these operations by the Nepal Police demonstrates the important role of capacity building programmes in giving police the skills necessary to fight all types of transnational crime more effectively,” said David Higgins, head of INTERPOL’s Environmental Crime Programme.

“I applaud the Nepalese authorities for putting their training into practice, and for their strong commitment to protecting the world’s remaining wild tigers and bringing an end to illegal poaching and the illicit trade in tiger parts,” concluded Mr Higgins.

The training course and other initiatives to combat Asian big cat-related crimes occur under the auspices of INTERPOL’s Project Predator, which aims to reduce tiger crime by enhancing governance and law enforcement capacity in the tiger range countries. Partners include the US Agency for International Development (USAID), UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and SAWEN.

 

Kathmandu: Officials in Nepal have said they will now have to put a cap on the growth of wildlife including endangered species like tigers and rhinos.

They say it is a result of significant increase in loss of human lives from attacks by wild animals, reports BBC Online.

The problem is especially acute in buffer zones between human settlements and national parks.

In recent years, Nepal has developed a successful protection programme for many endangered species.

The Chitwan National Park in southern Nepal has more than 500 rhinos, up from half that figure few years ago, and more than 125 tigers.

The Bardiya National Park in the west now has more than 80 elephants, almost 10 times as many as there were in the 1990s.

In the Himalayas, the numbers of endangered species like snow leopards and red pandas have been growing as well.

And the country has nearly 24 percent of its land area as protected areas, including national parks, conservation areas and wildlife reserves.

With all these achievements in nature conservation, however, Nepal has also witnessed a rising number of human deaths and property losses because of wildlife.

In the last five years, more than 80 people have been killed by wild elephants while 17 of the animals died in retaliatory killings, according to forest ministry officials.

Elephant protest

Last month, local people in Chitwan, southern Nepal, staged a strike and demanded that a rogue elephant be killed after it had taken the lives of three people.

A few months ago, a leopard in western Nepal caused terror as it killed more than a dozen people within a matter of weeks.

In eastern Nepal, herds of wild elephants continue to rampage, demolishing human settlements and raiding crops.

Elephants in Chitwan National Park National, park boundaries are no barrier to animal movement.

Meanwhile, common leopards are increasingly attacking children and livestock in the hilly region.

Further north, in the trans-Himalayan region, locals continue to complain about snow leopards preying on their livestock.

Although forest ministry officials are yet to compile the latest data on these losses, they do admit that such incidents have gone up remarkably.

"Before, we used to record about 30 human deaths because of wildlife attacks annually but in the past few years the figure appears to have risen significantly," said Forest Ministry spokesman Krishna Acharya who, until recently, headed Nepal's Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation.

He added: "The time has now come for us to determine how many such wildlife species we can have in our protected areas."

WWF's Nepal country director, Anil Manandhar, said the problem had become quite serious.

"This is now something that could become the biggest threat and setback for Nepal's success in wildlife conservation," he explained.

Buffer zones

Wildlife experts say human settlements known as buffer zones around national parks have become flashpoints for human-wildlife encounters.

"The numbers of rhinos and tigers are increasing in the national park and they are moving out in search of food and space. Meanwhile, the increasing human population needs more of the natural resources available, and that competition creates conflict," said Mr. Acharya.

Most of Nepal's national parks and protected areas are either in the Himalayan region or in the Tarai area, the southern plain land that border India.

Yet, wildlife-related loss of lives and properties are also increasingly being seen in the mid-hill region, geographically located between the Himalayas and Tarai plain land.

Rhino in Chitwan National Park Rhino numbers in Chitwan National Park have shot up in recent years

Conservationists point at the growing number of attacks on children and livestock by common leopards because this region has seen huge success in community forestry.

"We have been hearing complaints from farmers that community forests have more wildlife than in some national parks and therefore they are suffering losses of lives and properties," said Yam Bahadur Malla, country director for the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Nepal.

He also suggested it was necessary to scientifically demarcate the boundaries of national parks, as some species involved in the attacks were sometimes found outside the existing boundaries.

Forest ministry officials, however, said the chances of expanding existing protected areas were very slim because Nepal had already made huge swathes of land available for nature conservation.

Acharya said the details of plans to limit wildlife growth were yet to be worked out but he added that one of the ideas would be to relocate some of the wildlife species.

"We have listed nine such species that can be trans-located from where there are quite many of them to where there are very few and such species include animals involved in conflicts with humans," he said.

Acharya also hinted that Nepal will now not commit to protect more wildlife than the amount its protected areas could sustain.

"For instance, we have said we will double the number of tigers to 250. But as we cannot expand our protected areas, we will not be able to commit more than that," he said.

"Nor can we add new conservation areas."

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28 janvier 2013 1 28 /01 /janvier /2013 10:29

TIGRES MANQUANTS DANS LA RESERVE DE PALAMU, IMPERATIF D'UNE POLITIQUE DE DEVELOPPEMENT DES POPULATIONS (source : Times of India, ce jour).

DALTINGANJ: Chief justice of the Jharkhand high court PrakashTatia has expressed concern over a few big cats in the Palamu Tiger Reserve.

"It appears that there is hardly any growth (in the number) of tigers here," said the chief justice, who arrived from Ranchi on Saturday.

Speaking to reporters on Sunday at Betla, 27 km from here, Justice Tatia stressed the need for a tiger foundation in the state for an all-around development of the big cats.

DFO (buffer) A K Mishra said the chief justice was informed about image of a tigress trapped in camera in Ramandaag area.

Justice Tatia, however, had a word of praise for the elephant ride here which he took with his family in the morning. "The elephant ride of the Betla park is far impressive than that of Kaziranga. The elephant took us into deep forest here," he said asking for more animals to be added to the herd of elephants. At present, there are two elephants for the ride here. The chief justice wanted that entry of vehicular traffic inside the park be restricted and limited. He said the employees of the tiger reserve should get timely salary and their security be ensured.

"Jharkhand has immense potentialities and these need to be tapped, promoted and exploited for tourism," Justice Tatia said. "Jharkhand's violence gets widespread coverage but there are a plenty of beautiful things and if tourism is encouraged here, it will benefit the poor and the commoner."

Tourism can change the face of the economy of the area and earnings coming so from tourism will reach the people who will then be distracted from terrorism. He emphasized that people living outside the state be told of good things about Jharkhand.

On Saturday, Justice Tatia reached Palamu Qilla amid tight security. He spent about half an hour there. "This precious heritage of the past 300 years or so be retained in its antique form as far as possible and I am most surprised to find this qilla (fort) in such a dense forest," he said on the fort. Quoting the chief justice, DFO (core) Premjit Anand said, "The chief justice was so pained to see the Palamu Qilla in terrible ruins."

On justice-on-wheels, Justice Tatia said the state legal services authority would have one more facility soon. He showed keen interest when told that the facility travelled down to interior areas affected by Left wing extremism in Palamu. "The response of the people to this justice-on-wheels has been tremendous in the state," he said. About the second one, Justice Tatia said it would be fitted with more audio and visual facilities.
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