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21 février 2013 4 21 /02 /février /2013 08:48

Pendant que le corridor Sikhote - Alin / Shangbai Shan reçoit les éléments matériels et financiers concrets pour assurer une véritable fonctionnalité de circulation pour les tigres comme pour les grues du Japon (WWF Russie, ce jour) russes et indiens échangent sur les protocoles de zootechnie les plus adaptés pour les grands félins, tigres et léopards. Le Parc National Zov Tigra est représenté par Sergeï Marchenko (Economic times, hier).

NAGPUR: To learn experience on good practices in tiger conservation, a two-member team from Russia is visiting Pench and Kanha tiger reserves in neighbouring Madhya Pradesh.

The team reached city on Tuesday and left for Pench in the afternoon. The team consists of Sergei Marchenko from Zov Tigra National Park and Evgenii Terentev from Zimliya Leopard, both in Primorsky Krai. The two senior officials will be accompanied by Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) manager Prafulla Bhamburkar.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) and Russia have already formed a subgroup on tiger and leopard conservation and signed a pact. The visit is part of the Tiger Watch Project of the Global Tiger Forum (GTF).

A meeting held on September 17-18, 2012 in Moscow had decided on capacity building of field officers and specialists, including exchange officers, to share experience on good practices in tiger conservation. It was agreed that both sides may allow cooperation between reputed institutes on both sides.

Both sides agreed for developing an inter-institutional cooperation in areas such as scientific tiger monitoring, anti-poaching, electronic surveillance, assessment of tigers and their habitat at landscape level, tiger/leopard reintroduction, radio collaring and related studies.

Bhamburkar said WTI is one of the sponsors along with International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW). He said the tour is part of the exchange programme of GTF, which plays a key role in terms of organizing training programmes, exchanging information and promoting cooperation between tiger range countries for evolving a harmonized approach to ensure the future of wildcats in the world.

The officials will study site-specific management plans and programmes dealing with protection, poaching problem and corridors. The team will also visit villages to see eco-development models. They will learn patrolling methods and interact with field directors.

Similar problems:

* Russia is facing similar challenges as India on conservation front. Today, fewer than 500 Siberian tigers - the largest of the tiger subspecies - survive

* The dramatically lower number is reported because of the lack of genetic diversity among Siberian tigers

* Siberian tigers are relatively easy to breed in captivity. There are more Siberian tigers in zoos around the world than in the wild

* The body parts of Siberian tigers - particularly their fur and bones - are highly valued. Their bones are especially valued in China for medicinal purpose

* Most of the Siberian tigers remaining in the wild today live in the Far East of Russia. A few Siberian tigers also live in North Korea and China, bordering Russia

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21 février 2013 4 21 /02 /février /2013 08:28

Derniers éléments (mois de février) sur des tigres en Province Maritime (source : Phoenix Fund, hier). Pour le cas du 14 février, le jeune tigre blessé a cherché l'aide des humains en stratégie de dernier recours (voir le détail ci après, article du Moscow Times du 15 février). Ce n'est pas une première : une tigresse épuisée et incapable d'assurer le couvert de son petit s'en était remise, il y a quelques années, aux bons soins d'un soldat russe en poste sur la frontière avec la Chine (info gracieusement transmise par Larissa Issaeïva).

Latest Updates About Tigers in Russia

February 5, 2013. A woman’s attempt to sell Amur tiger skeleton was thwarted when the buyers she met with turned out to be police officers. The remains of a tiger cub – a skull, legs and rib cage – were found in the boot of her car. Police investigators believe that the tiger derivatives could have been forwarded to China where tiger bones are traditionally used in medicine. A 32-year-old woman was questioned by investigators. She told that she got tiger parts from her two friends. According to police sources, the two suspected accomplices are the locals of Nikitovka village (Pozharsky district of Primorye) – a 60-year-old man and a 62-year-old fellow. They claimed that when riding horses in the woods they found a package with tiger bones.  Police have started a criminal investigation into the killing of the endangered species. (Source: RIA-NOVOSTI)

February 14, 2013. Wildlife managers rescued a 6-month-old tiger cub caught in a trap in Kavalerovsky district. The animal was extremely emaciated. His leg was seriously traumatized. The cub was transported to Arseniev town where it was urgently operated by veterinarians. After the surgery, the animal was taken to the Utyos Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre in Khabarovsky krai. . (Source: RIA-NOVOSTI)

February 17, 2013. Ussuriisky police officers and wildlife managers arrested two residents charged with killing a tiger. The detained suspects had killed an Amur tiger and then tried to sell its skin, bones and cartilages. It was determined that the 4-year-old tiger was killed two weeks ago. A criminal proceeding on tiger poaching was initiated.  (Source: ITAR-TASS)

 

The Amur tiger leaves taiga to ask people for help

   
     

The Amur tiger leaves taiga to ask people for help

Photo : Ria Novosti

 

 

In the Russian Far East Primorye a weakened Amur tiger left the taiga with an illegal poachers trap on its paw and approached people to ask for help. Crying from pain, the predator strolled around one of the villages and did not wish to return to the woods. Local hunters called on the police and forest rangers for help. Using all possible efforts it was captured and the trap was removed. According to experts, the immature animal which is hardly a year old absolutely casually got caught in a trap meant for a smaller furred animal obviously having been thrilled by the bait. It was brought to the rehabilitation center in downtown of Usurisk where all injured wild animals from all over Primorye are sheltered. Veterinary doctors assured that the animal has no serious injuries and will recover soon. After that it will be returned to the taiga.

 

ACTUALISATION AU 22 FEVRIER . UN NOUVEL ORPHELIN PRIS EN CHARGE RIA NOVOSTI (22 - 02 - 2013).

VLADIVOSTOK, February 22 (RIA Novosti) – Environmentalists in the Primorye Territory in Russia’s Far East rescued an orphaned Amur tiger cub, the local administration said on Friday.

The six-month-old male cub was trying to hunt in the taiga, but was doomed due to his young age and weakness, Vladimir Vasilyev, the Primorye wildlife protection department chief, said.

“The tiger cub is very active and put up a fight,” Vasilyev said, adding that specialists tracked the animal for three days before they caught it.

The cub will be examined by veterinarians and then sent to a rehabilitation center, he said.

According to the Primorye administration, the cub could be a brother of a six-month-old tigress, which was rescued from a trap about ten days ago not far from the place where the cub was found.

The Amur tiger was put on the list of endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) . The population of the Amur tigers, one of six tiger subspecies found only in Russia’s Far East and in some areas of Northern China, currently numbers some 450 animals. Experts estimate that from 30 to 50 Amur tigers are killed by poachers and irresponsible hunters every year.

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20 février 2013 3 20 /02 /février /2013 04:46

Suite des articles des 3, 6 et 12 décembre 2012 et du 10 janvier 2013.

Les spécialistes de terrain comme Viktor Yudin et des membres de l'Inspection tigre, ainsi que des représentants de l'Institut Severstsov démontrent que les orphelins peuvent réapprendre à vivre à l'état sauvage.

Source : Site Présidentiel, hier.

http://programmes.putin.kremlin.ru/en/tiger/news/22879

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19 février 2013 2 19 /02 /février /2013 08:27

UNE TIGRESSE RETROUVEE MORTE A NAGARAHOLE DIMANCHE 17 FEVRIER (deuxième cas en quelques semaines sur le même secteur) A ETE  EMPOISONNEE (The Hindu, ce jour). AU KARNATAKA, UN PLAN CHERCHE DESORMAIS A EMPECHER LA DESTRUCTION DES TIGRES PAR EMPOISONNEMENT (Times of India, hier). LES SAISIES DE PRODUITS ISSUS DE L'ANIMAL SONT EN FORTE HAUSSE AU NEPAL ET AU TIBET, EN LIEN DIRECT AVEC L'AUGMENTATION DU BRACONNAGE EN INDE DU NORD AU COURS DES DIX DERNIERES ANNEES (Hindustan Times, hier).

 


1.Tigress found dead near H.D. Kote was poisoned

The carcass of the tiger was found on the fringes of Nagarahole National Park on Sunday. Photo: Special Arrangement
  The carcass of the tiger was found on the fringes of Nagarahole National Park on Sunday. Photo: Special Arrangement

Second such incident near Nagarahole National Park

The tigress, which was found dead close to Metikuppe near H.D. Kote on the fringes of Nagarahole National Park on Sunday, was poisoned, says the post-mortem report.

As it is the second such case in the vicinity of the national park, this incident has sent shock waves among conservationists and Forest Department staff, who are at their wits end to tackle the alarming trend. The carcass of the tiger found near D.B. Kuppe in January too had traces of poison.

Bhaskar Rao, Inspector-General of Police, forest cell, said the incident could not be treated as a forest offence but a criminal offence. He told The Hindu: “We will have to invoke the provisions of the Indian Penal Code and the Code for Criminal Procedure and go to the roots of the case to identify and book the offenders.”

An official from the Forest Department said the post-mortem report indicated that the prima facie cause of the tigress’ death was poisoning. “The tigress — about eight-years-old — had eaten the carcass of a cattle and collapsed within 150 meters of the kill. There were strong indications of presence of metacid, a chemical. A close inspection of the site indicated that soon after eating the carcass, the tiger dragged and hurled itself forward from the site towards the jungles in a desperate bid to overcome nausea and trauma and vomited all along. A few crows too were found dead in the area and we have collected samples and sent them for tests,” the official said.

Thorough probe

Describing the development as alarming, the official said this calls for a thorough investigation and until the guilty are brought to book there would be deterrence against such incidents. Preliminary investigations and spot inspection on Sunday indicated that there was no foul play by poachers as the claws and skin were intact. “Death of tigers by poisoning is a new trend and the specially constituted Special Tiger Task Force is not capable of addressing the issue as poisoning can be attributed to social issues arising out of man-animal conflict,” he said.

Sanjay Gubbi, member, State Wildlife Board, said the issue raised serious questions about the delay in distributing compensation to the people affected by wildlife, who are living on the fringes of the forests. “Timely and adequate compensation is the need of the hour. Conflicts cannot be reduced to zero but they can be minimised to tolerable limits by winning the support of the local community through timely distribution of relief,” he said.

 

 

2. MYSORE: Increasing incidents of tiger deaths due to poisoning has made the officials of the tiger project to work out an action plan to end this menace of targeting big cats by mischievous elements. Death of two of the three tigers due to poisoning has left worried the officials. Of the three tigers which died in the recent past including one on Sunday have been found to be poisoned by the villagers .

What has made the issue more complicated is this is the new modus operandi being adopted by tiger mafia to employ the villagers and persuade them to poison the tigers which invade their villages to prey on their livestock. Tiger's trait of it's return to eat the left over of the prey has made it easy for villagers allegedly employed by poachers to poison the kill before the tiger visits it next day. Sunday's incident typically fitted this format as officials have found an empty packet of a pesticide and two crows dead near the carcass of the cow which was killed by the tiger . Even tiger was found dead hardly 100 mts from the spot where the half eaten cow carcass was lying .

Now officials of the tiger project have decided to take head on the mischievous elements through an action plan which has a positive approach to the issue. As per the plan, project tiger officials with the help of Special Tiger Protection Force(STPF) members will create a data base of all the cattle heads in the villages located inside and on the periphery of the tiger sanctuaries and territorial forests.

This data base even have pictures of cattle population and their owners and cowboys who graze them. Project tiger officials are even planning to announce a compensation package for farmers and the cattle owners whose animals are preyed on by tigers .

In addition, number of members of STPF will be increased and they will part of stepped up vigil package on this score. Disclosing the implementation of this ne security project in next couple of days, project tiger direct B J Hosmath said this plan will automatically eliminate mischievous elements which will act as stooge in the hands of poachers gangs. First the vigil and data base help officials to identify the cattle owner instantaneously and second the compensation package will help the villagers to avoid mischievous elements. " We want to tackle the problem through positive approach instead of curbing and searching for poachers" Hosmath felt , adding that this is worked out by project tiger officials itself and confident of achieving results.

 

3. Poachers killing tigers for money are back with vengeance with seizure of at-least seven tiger skins and over 160 kilogram of tiger bones in the Tibet-Nepal border hinting at revival of the popular smuggling route into China.Three major tiger and leopard body part hauls in different districts of Nepal in the month of January has triggered panic among the wildlifers who claim that the recent seizures show that the magnitude of tiger killing in India is much more than reflected in the government's official records.

The government has claimed that around 80 tigers were killed in India including for poaching in 2012 whereas the seizures of tiger body parts in the year was much higher.

The biggest hauls of recent times came on January 12 when on 12 Nepal police seized five tiger skins and about 114 kilograms of tiger bones in bags in Nawakot district very close to Tibet border. The body parts were to be smuggled into Tiger in a van for the underground Chinese big cat medicine industry and two persons were arrested in this connection. The tiger skins and plastic bags containing bones were hidden under rice sacks in the van. 

A day earlier, in Gorkha district about 160 km west from capital city of Kathmandu, Nepal police arrested some Tibetans with two tiger skins and 53 kilograms of tiger bones. They were arrested while they were trying to smuggle the tiger parts to Tibet, China, officials said.

On January 27, the Nepalese authorities seized three leopard skins in Kanchanpur district of Nepal, which is very close to a home of tigers in India, Uttarakhand. Tigers in Corbett National Park in the state had been under stress for some time because of increasing poaching threat in the tiger reserve having highest tiger density in the country.

Anil Baluni, former vice-chairperson of Uttarakhand Forest Advisory body, said the tiger syndicates were operating in Nepal and the Indian government has not effectively taken the issue with the Nepalese government to crush these organised groups in the area of wildlife crime. "There is a sense that smuggling of tiger body parts into Nepal has become easy in the last few months," he said.

The seizures in Nepal had some sort of relation with highest deaths of tigers in India in a decade. As many as 89 tigers died in 2012 in 41 notified tiger homes in India with poaching incidents reported from reserves in Maharashtra to Kerala and Assam.

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18 février 2013 1 18 /02 /février /2013 05:51

Selon le WWF, les tigres sauvages sur l'île de Sumatra auraient des effectifs 3 fois supérieurs aux estimations effectuées jusqu'à présent (600 contre 200). Environ 80 évolueraient dans le Parc National Burik Baritan Selatan. Bangkok Post, ce jour. C'est la deuxième réévaluation à la hausse des effectifs de tigres sauvages au niveau d'un pays en quelques mois, après celle du WCS pour l'Inde en Décembre 2012.

A group of Sumatran tigers appears to be flourishing at a national park in Indonesia, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature.

 

A Sumatran tiger sits in its exhibit at a zoo in Jakarta in this file photo from 2008. The WWF says a group of 80 Sumatran tigers is flourishing in the wild in Sumatra. (Photo: EPA)

 

The Sumatran tiger is a critically endangered species which, although protected by law, is hunted for its skin and organs. it’s habitat is also under threat from deforestation to make way for oil palm and logging concessions. 

The WWF claims a group of around 80 Sumatran tigers is living wild in the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in southern Sumatra, despite the threat to them posed by human activity in the area.

“Dozens of tigers live well in the forests of South Sumatra and Lampung,” Job Charles, a project leader at WWF Indonesia, told Antaranews.com on Sunday.

Mr Charles believes the Sumatran tiger population is recovering in the area thanks to cooperation between conservationists and local communities in helping to preserve their habitat. 

“The WWF along with other institutions and local communities are continuously preserving the habitat in order to promote the tigers’ breeding and increase the population,” he said.

Mr Charles added that WWF volunteers carried out regular patrols in the national park. 

The WWF estimates that only 200 Sumatran tigers live in the wild on the island of Sumatra. However, the results of a survey of a group of conservation groups published last year on more than 250sq km of forest, covering 38 nature reserves, puts the number at a more optimistic 600.

Mr Charles is hopeful that the Sumatran tiger can survive in its natural habitat, with the help of local communities.

“The species will not [go] extinct if communities actively help in preserving their habitats and let the tigers breed optimally,” Mr Charles said. 

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17 février 2013 7 17 /02 /février /2013 09:43

PARHELIES ET PARASELENIES CIVILISATIONNELS : RUSSIE, ASIE CENTRALE.

Cet article fait suite à "Sous la forêt, un royaume" du 12 juin 2012.

PHASE TRANSITOIRE ENTRE XXème et XXIIème siècles :  LE TIGRE COMME ICÔNE AXIALE PROTECTRICE LORS D'UNE ETAPE DELICATE DE MUTATION IDEOLOGIQUE.


REPTATION / PEREGRINATION DE LA RUS'. DANS LES PAS DU TIGRE EURO - SIBERIEN. L'histoire de la Russie s'architecture à partir de la confrontation catalytique d'entités politico - géographiques, les apanages, à la racine de laquelle on retrouve l'éternelle dialectique sédentaire / nomade // domestique / sauvage. Cette dialectique se retrouve peu ou prou dans toutes les sociétés officiellement sédentaires, au sein même des représentations des différentes classes sociales. Kiev (et son Simargl auxiliaire) triomphe de Tchernigov (et de son tigre partenaire) au VIIIème siècle.

Vladimir l'emporte sur Kiev au XIème siècle, et célèbre sa victoire à travers l'anneau d'or. A l'abri de la Pax Mongolica ( à partir du XIIIème siècle), Moscou prend son essor, puis, beaucoup plus tard, l'emporte à la fois sur Tver et Novgorod (vécu comme un succès de politique étrangère dans le second cas, eu égard aux liens entre Novgorod et la ligue Hanséatique), et bâtit l'église Basile le Bienheureux... A cette époque, la Moscovie est confrontée au plus vaste complexe étatique européen de l'Histoire avant l'Union Européenne : le Royaume des deux Nations, réalisé par l'Union de Lublin entre Pologne et Lituanie en 1569 : d'une superficie d'environ 900 000km2, il englobe la totalité des territoires de l'ancienne Rus' de Kiev. Au début du 17ème siècle, il menacera l'existence même de la Moscovie (en 1610, celle - ci aura un tsar polonais) comme avaient failli le faire les chevaliers teutoniques au XIIIème siècle, après avoir annihilé les slaves occidentaux au XIIème... De facto, il s'agit encore de l'opposition entre deux apanages, de très vastes dimensions. Le basculement du Monde vers l'Europe occidentale ramène le pôle directeur russe à l'ouest, sur le golfe de Finlande, avec St Petersbourg. Dans le même temps, l'Empire étend progressivement son contrôle politique sur d'immenses territoires orientaux, à une échelle holarctique (le continent américain est également concerné). Aujourd'hui, avec le basculement du Monde vers le Pacifique, les autorités russes considèrent ce qui fut "l'extrême - orient russe" (de la République de Sakha au Nord à la Province Maritime du Primorye au Sud) à la fois comme un centre géopolitique et une vitrine nationale. C'est à Vladivostok que s'est tenue l'an dernier la réunion de l'APEC, le Primorye possède le plus grand et le plus complexe aquarium au Monde, et une base spatiale va être construite dans la région. Cette modernité, qui mettait en péril le tigre de Sibérie et son environnement au siècle dernier, le promeut désormais, ayant changé de visage et d'orientation.

 

CONTROVERSE DE SAMARKAND ET REGULATEUR EURASISTE. DANS LES TRACES DU TIGRE CASPIEN. Les mutations centre asiatiques depuis la fin de l'Union Soviétique tendent, pour l'heure, à une forte opposition tadjiko / ouzbèke avec le Kazakhstan et la Russie comme agents potentiels d'apaisement (de même, dans le Caucase méridional, la haine des Arméniens tend désormais, cette année, à faire office d'idéologie officielle en Azebaïdjan persophone). La question est culturelle au sens le plus profond du terme. Il s'agit de la revendication de l'héritage Timuride, et même Sogdien. Le Registan de Samarkand constitue, encore aujourd'hui, le plus vaste complexe religieux au Monde En 1924, les Tadjiks ont perdu le contrôle de Samarkand et Boukhara au profit des ouzbeks. Aujourd'hui encore, la communauté tadjik est majoritaire dans ces deux cités. Les fondateurs Sogdiens de Marakanda (l'ancêtre de Samarkand) venaient de Douchanbé à la poursuite d'une panthère... On trouve là encore, de façon explicite et radicalisée, l'opposition entre "sédentaires" et "nomades" (dans les représentations beaucoup plus que dans la réalité). A la recherche d'une identité nationale nettement marquée, les tadjiks marquent ostensiblement leur différence culturelle (seuls persophones parmi les républiques d'Asie centrale de la CEI, ils revendiquent l'héritage zoroastrien) et raciale (reprenant des thèses de l'époque soviétique, ils revendiquent leur Aryanité et Indo Européanité face aux "nomades turciques" (populations d'origine altaïque : dans les faits, kazakhs et kyrgyzs sont bien plus nomades que tadjiks et ouzbeks...). Voir pour le détail Marlène Laruelle. 2006. Des Sciences humaines fave au Pouvoir Politique. Le mythe aryen comme idéologie de la Nation au Tadjikistan. Pp 369 - 396, dans "Anthropologie et Histoire face aux légitimations politiques, vol. 104 / 105. Cette résurgence idéologique est comme un soleil fantôme du Parhélie du Voyage d'Hiver de Schubert,  avec une conception du tigre de Chir Dor (au sein du Registan) semblable à  celle de Kiev vis à vis du Simargl il y a 13 siècles. Or, si le félin figure l'étudiant avide d'apprendre (voir "Substantiation" du 14 février), il est aussi perçu, et avant tout, de l'Asie centrale sensu lato (jusquà la Chine centrale), comme le pâtre sanglant des herbivores, un nomade guerrier anhistorique, qui conduit son troupeau à travers les temps. L'Eurasisme, influent en Russie et plus encore au Kazakstan, qui en a fait son idéolodie officielle, est, a contrario, non racial et non religieux, et prône l'harmonie entre communautés au sein d'un territoire de vaste dimension et géopolitiquement central entre finistère extrême occidental de l'Eurasie d'une part, et monde américain de l'autre. La modernité révolutionnaire qui a détruit le tigre de la Caspienne et un tiers de la population kazakhe dans la première moitié du siècle dernier prend désormais un chemin différent. Au Kazakstan, les premières familles de tigres arriveront l'an prochain dans les roselières du lac Balkash, pionniers d'une réinstallation ultérieure à une échelle plus vaste (plusieurs centaines d'individus dans les décennies à venir).

Aube présente d'un nouveau Printemps, préfiguration d'une Aurore historiquement proche, et d'un Zénith plus lointain...


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15 février 2013 5 15 /02 /février /2013 05:13

12 TIGRES MORTS EN 10 MOIS DANS L'ETAT DU MADYA PRADESH : causes diverses, dont 3 cas de braconnage par électrocution - "AGIR OU MOURIR" (Mahatma Gandhi, 8 Août 1942). Source : Times of India, ce jour - . Les félins essaiment d'une réserve à l'autre (voir page blog d'avant - hier "Cruel défaut d'espace vital"), un mâle adulte vient d'arriver dans celle de Palamu (Times of India, ce jour).

En Andhra Pradesh, la vitesse des véhicules sera limitée à 30km/h dans les réserves... (The Hindu, ce jour).

1.NAGPUR: Expressing serious concern over 12 tiger deaths in just 10 months in Madhya Pradesh, minister for environment and forest JayanthiNatarajan has urged state chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan to take preventive steps.

From January 1, 2012, to October 19, 2012, 12 tigers have died in the 'tiger state' of MP. Shockingly, 50% of them died due to poaching. One tiger died in December, taking the total tally to 13.

Substantiating her claims, Natarajan submitted details of tiger deaths showing that of the 12 tigers, five died a natural death while seven died due to poaching and accidents. While five deaths were reported in territorial areas, seven were reported from Kanha, Panna and Bandhavgarh tiger reserves.

Natarajan's letter to Chouhan said the number of deaths is comparatively higher than the average tiger mortality recorded in the past. She said the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has issued several advisories for anti-poaching operations, besides alerting the states time and again.

"Since there are more deaths outside tiger reserves, there is an urgent need to review tiger deaths in general forest areas by head of forest force (HOFF) of the state," she stressed.

Based on such reviews, an ongoing field monitoring system should be put in place in areas having spatial occupancy of tigers. The man-tiger interface issues need to be urgently addressed through prompt payment of ex-gratia compensation to avoid revenge killings, Natarajan said.

She has urged the chief minister to direct chief wildlife warden to liaison closely with the NTCA and Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) to strengthen networking to enable timely alerts and draw up preventive strategy.

However, in a reply to Natarajan, the MP chief minister said the state is trying its best to ensure that tigers are not poached by professional poachers or killed in retaliation for loss of human life or cattle by irate villagers.

Chouhan admitted that from January to December 2012, 13 cases of tiger deaths and three cases of tiger skin seizures have been registered. He claimed that among the 13 cases, the causes of tiger mortality include death due to senility (1), disease (4), territorial fight (3), accidental death (2), and poaching (3). All the three cases of poaching have been caused by electrocution. Not a single case of poaching has occurred this year within any tiger reserve, Chouhan replied to Natarajan.

Chouhan admitted that one of the biggest challenges is to monitor and protect tigers dispersing from natal areas into multiple use areas strewn with villages, crop fields and several other land uses.

The chief minister said MP has been focusing on strengthening territorial divisions by providing personnel skill training and equipment. "We have established 54 tiger protection camps in sensitive areas abutting tiger reserves and equipped these camps with personnel, vehicles, field gear and other necessary equipment. We have also trained staff managing territorial forest divisions in wildlife crime detection investigation, and monitoring is an ongoing activity," said Chouhan.

 

2. DALTONGANJ: Palamu Tiger Reserve (PTR) officials are elated with the arrival of an adult male tiger in the reserve. The foresters said the pugmarks of this tiger are different from other felines in PTR. However, wildlife officials have no idea where this tiger has come from.

Project Tiger field director SEH Kazmi said: "I personally saw the pugmarks of the tiger - they are enormous and very different from the other tigers in this reserve." He said the pugmarks measure 15x16 centimeters, which is the biggest seen in PTR.

Premjit Anand, DFO Core of the tiger reserve, also said that he believed that these footprints were created by a newcomer. He, however, refused to disclose the exact location where the pugmarks were seen. Anand added that the new tiger has been named Maharaja by foresters.

Sources said PTR staff is concerned about the safety and security of tigers and other animals at the reserve and hunting and poaching are real challenges faced by them. They said foresters are disappointed with the dwindling number of officers and more than 60% posts have been vacant for more than 13 years.

The sources said PTR is more vulnerable to poaching than other tiger reserves in the country because of frequent clashes between security forces and Maoists. Security forces often launch anti-Maoist operations both in the core and buffer areas of the reserve and that does not augur well for the reserve.

 

3. Traffic check in Kawal Tiger Reserve

Workers burning dry leaves as part of fire line operations in the Kawal Tiger Reserve in Adilabad. Photo: S. Harpal Singh
  Workers burning dry leaves as part of fire line operations in the Kawal Tiger Reserve in Adilabad. Photo: S. Harpal Singh

To make life more secure and reduce disturbance for wild animals, speed limit on roads passing through the forest restricted to 30 km per hour

Concerned over the ever increasing vehicular traffic on roads passing through the Kawal Tiger Reserve (KTR) in Adilabad district, the government has issued orders restricting the speed limit to 30 km per hour. The first of its kind order, issued by Andhra Pradesh Chief Wildlife Warden A.V. Joseph, will be implemented soon on those stretches of Utnoor-Indhanpalli and Nirmal-Luxettipet roads which fall within the KTR. “This is necessary to make life more secure for the precious wild fauna here. The disturbance due to vehicular traffic needs to be drastically decreased for the convenience of the wild animals,” says Jannaram Divisional Forest Officer G. Rama Krishna Rao, about the latest development.

Speed-breakers

Among the steps already taken for reducing disturbance to animals is the Forest department getting the R&B lay six speed-breakers on these roads. “Four more will come up at other locations as per the decision of the State Wildlife Advisory Board headed by Speaker Nadendla Manohar,” the DFO points out.

“The Board has selected the spots for speed-breakers based on our survey of animal crossing points on the roads. Removal of the speed breakers needs the consent of the Board itself,” he adds, as he answers questions on complaints being received about the speed-breakers.

Fire line operations

The KTR management has also started fire line operations for the season which incorporate controlled burning away of dry leaves along the roads in question. The fire line runs about 10 metres deep in the forest along the edge of the road which will prevent break out of accidental fire and prevent damage to precious flora and fauna.

Drinking water

Preparations have also been made to provide drinking water to wild animals through cement saucers at about 40 places where the natural source cannot be improved. “Water will be filled in the saucers at regular intervals for making life a bit easier for wild animals here,” Mr. Rama Krishna Rao says.

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14 février 2013 4 14 /02 /février /2013 07:47

LA BICHE BLANCHE JUSQU'A LA MOËLLE.

Au Sagre Elfe*, Belette des mers,

Et à la Montagne de Jade** perlée,

Au vison feu et au Tigre rouge, flammes nivales,

Au Grand Chemin vivant de fleurs des Sarakayu,

A la Mandchourite et l'Oenigmatite,

Au Gai Savoir*** Etre et Renaître

Dont la brûlante Lumière irradie à Jamais.

 

* Le plus petit requin connu : il tient dans la paume de la main.

** Le requin baleine, ainsi dénommé à Taï Wan.

*** Le tigre poursuivant la biche blanche sur la Madrasah Chir - Dor du Reghistan de Samarkand figure l'étudiant assoiffé de connaissance. Comme l'était déjà, 500 ans plus tôt et sous d'autres cieux, Héloïse d'Argenteuil. Réputée, aussi, pour sa voix d'or et son sens musical. Quand les tigres étaient en Europe, sous toutes acceptions.

 

20090816160440-ad09e4fb

Tigre et biche. Chir Dor, érection 1619 - 1636.

 

miam

Eugène Delacroix. Femme indienne déchirée par les tigres.

 

Lounging +Siberian+Tiger+Pair

PUISSANCE SEREINE INCONTESTABLE.

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14 février 2013 4 14 /02 /février /2013 05:15

Début de recensement des léopards de l'Amour, estimés à 27 / 34 individus en 2007. Méthodes nouvelles, recenseurs mieux formés, perspectives d'action clairement définies en fonction des résultats. L'état de la neige devrait faciliter le travail. WWF Russie, ce jour. Concernant une population 10 fois inférieure à celle des tigres, le suivi sera 3 fois plus fréquent.

camets-nejinskii foto--iz-atlasa-dalnevostochnogo-leoparda.

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13 février 2013 3 13 /02 /février /2013 05:15

ESSAIMAGES SPONTANES ET TRANSFERTS DANS D'AUTRES ZONES SURPEUPLEES. LES TIGRES EVOLUENT COMME DES BOULES DANS UN JEU DE FLIPPER. LA POLITIQUE DE L'ESPACE ET DU TEMPS DANS L'INDE ACTUELLE ET FUTURE EST A REDEFINIR. Times of India, ce jour.
MYSORE: It has now come to light that a tigress, after its capture in Nagarahole, was released into Bandipur without radio-collaring. The tigress that was nabbed at Waynad in Kerala a week ago, was captured at Nagarahole on November 23 last year. It was released same evening in Bandipur after being treated at Mysore Zoo.

Similarly, another tiger was released into the wild without radio-collar in mid-January. Till now, there are no reports of cattle-lifting. "But we cannot say for sure if it has not tasted human blood," a wildlife activist said.

A forest official confirmed the release of a tiger and a tigress, which were captured from Nagarahole recently, in Bandipur without radio-collaring. "We act as per the directions of senior officers," the official added.

Since August, five tigers which have ventured out of the forest cover from Nagarahole have been nabbed. Two of them were released back into the wild, while one tiger succumbed to its injuries at Mysore Zoo in October-end. The other two are kept in captivity - at Bannerghatta Biological Park and Mysore Zoo.

Big cats venture out of the woods because of territorial reasons -young adults want to establish their own territory or old age pushes them out since they cannot hunt. Officials can track the cats if they are radio-collared before being released into the forest. Experts suggest the forest officials to adopt scientific means when they relocate the big cats, but to no avail. "The attack by the tigress in Waynad should be an eye-opener," he said.

Tiger experts said part of the reason why tigers venture out of Nagarahole is due to high density. Nagarahole has one of the highest densities of tiger population in India. The productive population is also high. According to studies, there are 12 tigers per 100sqkm in Nagarahole.

Tigers, being territorial animals, establish their own area. Once they come out of forests, it is not advisable to relocate them to a different place. "Bandipur is high tiger density habitat, and if we rescue a tiger here, it gets pushed out of forest or try to find a place outside forest like in Kerala. It is always better to keep it in captivity," said N Samba Kumar, joint director for Wildlife Conservation Society (India programme).

K M Chinappa, president of Wildlife First, said that there is no point in relocating tigers to different area because of associated problems. "Tigers come out of forests because of lapse in the conservation programme. Instead of shifting tigers venturing out of forest, forest officials must study the issue and find a solution," he added.

When contacted, PCCF and Karnataka chief wildlife warden Dipak Sarmah said that he is not aware of the capture of the tigress in Kerala.
 
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  • : Le retour du tigre en Europe: le blog d'Alain Sennepin
  • : Les tigres et autres grands félins sauvages ont vécu en Europe pendant la période historique.Leur retour prochain est une nécessité politique et civilisationnelle.
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